Investigation of Heart Function in Patients With Heart Valve Defects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001314
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

In this study researchers plan to perform a diagnostic test called transesophageal echocardiography in order to see and record the movement and function of the heart.

Transesophageal echocardiography is similar to an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Different views of the heart are taken by a small, flexible instrument positioned in the esophagus (the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach). This allows doctors to create a clear picture of the heart through the wall of the esophagus rather than from outside the body through the muscles, fat, and bones of the chest wall.

During transesophageal echocardiography pictures of the heart will be taken while patients rest and as patients receive a medication called dobutamine. Dobutamine is a medication that makes the heart beat stronger and faster, similar to what exercise does to the heart.

Researchers are particularly interested in studying patients with defects in the valves of the heart, especially aortic regurgitation and mitral regurgitation. Patients with these defects in the heart valves tend to develop abnormalities in the size and function of the left ventricle. The left ventricle is one of the four chambers of the heart responsible for ejecting blood out of the heart into the circulation. Researchers believe that by identifying changes in the function of heart muscle, they may be able to predict the occurrence of muscle damage due to the diseased valves.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the function of heart muscle measured during dobutamine stress transesophageal echocardiography can predict the later development of problems in the function and size of the left ventricle.

Condition or disease
Aortic Valve Insufficiency Mitral Valve Insufficiency

Detailed Description:
In this investigation, we propose to perform dobutamine stress transesophageal echocardiography in patients with aortic regurgitation and in patients with mitral regurgitation in order to assess myocardial contractile reserve. The purpose of the study is to determine whether the contractile reserve of the myocardium measured during dobutamine stress echocardiography is a predictor of the development of subsequent left ventricular dysfunction and left ventricular dilatation, as well as recovery of left ventricular function after surgery, in these patients.

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 200 participants
Official Title: Investigation of Myocardial Contractile Reserve by Dobutamine Stress Transesophageal Echocardiography in Aortic and Mitral Regurgitation
Study Start Date : May 1992
Study Completion Date : March 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

18 - 65 years of age.

Patients with severe aortic regurgitation and patients with severe mitral regurgitation.

Patients will discontinue medications 48 hours prior to the study.

Women must not be pregnant.

Patients must not have an associated valvular heart disease (i.e., patients with aortic regurgitation will be excluded if there is coexistent mitral valve disease; patients with mitral regurgitation will be excluded if there is coexistent aortic valve disease).

Patients must not have any form of cardiomyopathy.

Patients must not have coronary artery disease.

Patients must not have ventricular ectopy during baseline conditions (i.e., couplets, frequent PVc's [greater than 6/min], early coupling ["R-on-T" phenomenon], ventricular bigeminy) that might potentially predispose the patient for the development of dangerous dysrhythmia during dobutamine infusion.

Patients must not have a history of cardiac arrest or ventricular tachycardia.

Patients must not have a history of congestive heart failure.

Patients must not have hypotension (i.e., systolic blood pressure less than 100 mmHg).

Patients must not have a systolic blood pressure greater than 200 mmHg.

Patients must not have a left atrial size of greater than 100 mm.

Patients must not have atrial fibrillation.

Patients must not have sinus tachycardia greater than or equal to 100 beats/min.

Patients must not have esophageal disease.

Patients must not have any other medical condition that , at the discretion of the physician in charge, may increase the risk of the procedure.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001314

United States, Maryland
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Publications: Identifier: NCT00001314     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 920195
First Posted: December 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: April 2000

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Aortic Regurgitation
Dobutamine Stress
Left Ventricular Function
Mitral Regurgitation
Myocardial Contractile Reserve
Transesophageal Echocardiography

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cardiotonic Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents