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Study of Immune Responses and Safety of Recombinant Human CD40 Ligand in Patients With X-Linked Hyper-IgM Syndrome

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001145
First Posted: November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose

The primary goal of this Phase I/II study is to assess the immune response and safety of recombinant human CD40 ligand (rhuCD40L) in patients with X-linked hyper IgM syndrome (XHIM). XHIM is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding CD40 ligand. Individuals with this syndrome fail to make gamma immune globulin, frequently suffer from opportunistic infections, and are at an increased risk of developing cancer. Despite treatment with gamma globulin replacement therapy, the expected survival of patients with XHIM is less than 20 percent by the age of 25.

In a mouse model of this syndrome, treatment with man-made CD40 ligand protein protected the mouse from opportunistic infections, restored the mouse's ability to make gamma globulin, and improved survival. We want to determine if a similar approach can work in humans with XHIM. The study will be conducted at the Clinical Center of the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.

For most patients, rhuCD40L will be administered by injection under the skin over a period of six months and follow-up exams are required at 2-month intervals for an additional 6 months. During the study, patients will be maintained on intravenous gamma globulin, antibiotics to protect against opportunistic infection, and, if needed, growth factors to control neutropenia. The immune response to rhuCD40Lwill be measured by routine methods such as measuring a patient's ability to synthesize gamma globulin when challenged with immunizations to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) and Bacteriophage Phi-X 174 (Phi-X 174). Our long-term goal is to define a therapeutic regimen that will provide effective immunological reconstitution to patients with XHIM and improve their life expectancy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Immunoproliferative Disorder Drug: Bacteriophage Drug: rhuCD40L Drug: KLH Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Study of Immune Responses and Safety of Recombinant CD40 Ligand in Patients With X-Linked Hyper IgM Syndrome

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 5
Study Start Date: October 1999
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2003
Detailed Description:
The purpose of this Phase I/II study is to evaluate clinical response and safety following administration of recombinant human CD40 ligand (rhuCD40L) in up to 5 patients with X-linked hyper IgM syndrome (XHIM). XHIM is a rare genetic disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding CD40 ligand (CD154) and is characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia, opportunistic infections, and an increased risk of neoplastic disease. Despite treatment with intravenous gamma globulin, the expected survival of patients with XHIM is less than 20% by the age of 25. The proposed protocol is a proof of principle study designed to determine if administration of rhuCD40L can reverse the core immunologic defects of patients with XHIM. To this end, we will immunize patients with neo antigens, specifically keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) and Bacteriophage Phi-X 174 (PhiX174) to evaluate antigen-specific B and T cell responses. Clinical response and toxicity will be evaluated using routine hematological and clinical evaluation, quantitation of KLH and PhiX174 specific IgG in serum, measurement of proliferation and cytokine production to KLH simulation in vitro, and FACS analysis to quantitate memory B and T cells. Our long-term goal is to define a therapeutic regimen that will provide effective immunological reconstitution to patients with XHIM and improve life expectancy.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

All patients must have a diagnosis of X-linked hyper IgM syndrome confirmed either by molecular analysis of the CD40L gene or by flow cytometry analysis demonstrating the failure of CD40L expression on activated T cells, and/or clear X-linked inheritance (with multiple affected males) in association with defective CD40L expression.

Age greater than or equal to 4 years

Patient and or parent (for children under the age of 18) must be able to understand and sign informed consent.

Life expectancy of greater than 6 months.

Average ANC of greater than 250 cells/microL measured over 3 days during the week prior to planned administration of rhuCD40L.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Serious ongoing opportunistic infection.

Use of immune-based therapies other than IVIG such as corticosteroids (doses of prednisone greater than 0.4 mg/kg/d for more than 4 weeks within the 6 months prior to enrolling in the study or any use of corticosteroids equivalent to greater than or equal to 5 mg of prednisone at the time of enrollment) or other immunomodulating drugs within 6 months prior to enrollment in the study.

Current use of other investigational drugs.

Chronic liver disease or any confounding medical illness that in the judgement of the investigators would pose added risk for study participants (e.g. cancer, severe allergies, chronic renal or pulmonary disease).

SGOT, SGPT greater than 2 times normal range; and creatinine greater than 2.0 times normal

ANC less than 250/microL; Platelets less than 50,000/microL; Hematocrit less than 25

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001145


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001145     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 000006
00-I-0006
First Submitted: November 3, 1999
First Posted: November 4, 1999
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: October 2003

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Primary Immunodeficiency
Gamma Globulin (IgG) Immunization
KLH
Phi-X 174
X-linked HyperIgM Syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Type 1
Immune System Diseases
Dysgammaglobulinemia
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked