A Study of the Effectiveness of an HIV Vaccine (ALVAC vCP205) to Boost Immune Functions in HIV-Negative Volunteers Who Have Already Received an HIV Vaccine

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001136
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe to give an HIV vaccine (vCP205) to volunteers who received an HIV vaccine at least 2 years ago, and to study how the immune system responds to this vaccine.

Vaccines are given to people to try to resist infection or prevent disease. There are a number of different HIV vaccines that are currently being tested. The vaccines that seem to be the most promising are canarypox vaccines, known as ALVAC vaccines; the vaccine tested in this study is ALVAC-HIV vCP205. This study will look at the safety of the vaccine and how the immune system responds to it.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections HIV Seronegativity Biological: ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Vaccines may provide a route of therapy against HIV-1 infections by boosting the immune system responses. An artificially constructed HIV-1 vaccine (NYCBH), using vaccinia virus as its vector, has the advantage of conferring both cellular and humoral immune responses that are long-lived. Studies have shown that a second artificially constructed vector vaccine, HIV-1 canarypox (vCP205), also increases CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) activity, a cell-mediated immune response. Yet, immune responses are not boosted in volunteers previously vaccinated with vaccinia-based HIV-1 vaccines when a second vaccination with the same vaccine is given. One theory for vaccinia vaccine's failure is that immunologic barriers by antibodies to the vector itself may be responsible. This study examines the effectiveness of boosting the immune responses following vCP205 vaccination in the following: 1) volunteers who were previously immunized with vCP205 vaccine who may or may not have shown increased immune responses following the first immunization, and 2) volunteers who were previously immunized with NYCBH vaccine.

Upon study entry volunteers receive one injection of ALVAC-HIV vCP205. Temperature and symptoms should be recorded by the volunteer each day for 2 days and reported to the clinic staff. Volunteers will have seven clinic visits for drawing blood, collecting urine specimens, and performing clinical evaluations. At Month 3 HIV testing will be done. Volunteers will be followed for 3 months, with a passive follow-up call at the end of a year and once or twice a year for the next 5 years. Counseling on avoidance of HIV infection and pregnancy will be done.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 60 participants
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Multi-Centered Phase 1 Trial to Evaluate the Memory Responses to a Single Boosting Vaccination With ALVAC-HIV vCP205 in Volunteers Who Have Previously Received Poxvirus-Based Vaccines
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are 18-60 years old.
  • Are willing to use adequate birth control for 1 month before study entry and during the study.
  • Have a CD4 count of at least 400 cells/mm3.
  • Have a normal medical history and physical examination.
  • Are available for 3 months of follow-up.
  • Have participated in AVEG Protocol 014C or 022A and received all the scheduled vaccinations 24 or more months before this study, or have never participated in HIV-vaccine studies.
  • Are HIV-negative within 8 weeks of study entry.
  • Are negative for hepatitis B surface antigen.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Have a history of an immune system problem, any long-term illness, or any autoimmune disease.
  • Have a history of using medications which affect your immune system.
  • Have a history of cancer, except if it has been removed with surgery and cure is most likely.
  • Have a medical or mental condition which interferes with the study.
  • Have a job or work which interferes with the study.
  • Have ever attempted suicide, thought of attempting suicide, or have a severe mental condition.
  • Have received vaccines within 60 days of study entry.
  • Have used experimental drugs within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Have received any blood products, such as immunoglobulin, in the last 6 months.
  • Have active syphilis.
  • Have active tuberculosis.
  • Have any history of severe allergic reactions, including reactions to vaccines.
  • Have an allergy to egg products or neomycin.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001136

United States, Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine AVEG
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
Univ. of Rochester AVEG
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Univ. Hosp. AVEG
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Washington
UW - Seattle AVEG
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Study Chair: Thomas Evans

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00001136     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVEG 038
10586 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Injections, Intramuscular
AIDS Vaccines
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic
Gene Products, gag
HIV Seronegativity
Immunologic Memory
Antibodies, Viral
Genetic Vectors
Gene Products, env
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs