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The Effects of Prednisone on HIV Levels and the Immune System

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000921
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: February 23, 2011
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give prednisone to HIV-infected patients.

Prednisone is a corticosteroid, a hormone produced by the body that inhibits immune cell responses. Prednisone may be able to lower the level of HIV in the body (viral load) by reducing the number of cells that HIV can infect. At the same time, prednisone may be able to increase CD4 cell counts (cells of the immune system that fight infection).


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Prednisone Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study of the Immunologic and Virologic Effects of Prednisone on HIV-1 Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 118
Study Start Date: August 1996
Primary Completion Date: June 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

By inhibiting cellular activation, corticosteroids such as prednisone may inhibit HIV expression and reduce the population of potentially infectable cells. Furthermore, no studies have been performed to systematically evaluate immune function in prednisone-treated, HIV-infected patients or the immune mechanisms that may facilitate increases in CD4+ cell number. This study explores this issue.

Patients are separated into 2 arms according to whether or not they are currently receiving a protease inhibitor (PI) as part of their antiretroviral (ARV) therapy regimen (PI vs no PI therapy). Arm I: Current stable ARV therapy plus prednisone for 8 weeks, followed by 4 weeks at half the prior dose, then a 2-week taper. Arm II: Current stable ARV therapy plus prednisone placebo for 12 weeks.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have a CD4 cell count of 200-600 cells/mm3 within 30 days of study entry. (This study has been changed. You now must have a CD4 cell count of 200-700 cells/mm3 within 45 days of study entry.)
  • Have had your viral load measured within 30 days of study entry.
  • Have been on stable anti-HIV therapy with at least two anti-HIV agents for at least 12 weeks, and you intend to remain on this therapy during the study.
  • Are at least 18 years of age.
  • Agree to abstain from sex or use effective methods of birth control during the study and for 30 days after.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Abuse alcohol or drugs or have a serious psychological condition.
  • Are allergic to prednisone or other corticosteroids.
  • Have a history of opportunistic (AIDS-related) infections, including cytomegalovirus (CMV), Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), or Kaposi's sarcoma (KS).
  • Have a history of a serious medical condition, including heart problems, tuberculosis (TB), cancer, diabetes, or osteoporosis.
  • Are being treated for herpes at study entry.
  • Have received certain medications, including blood pressure medication.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000921


Locations
United States, Alabama
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 900331079
United States, Hawaii
Queens Med Ctr
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
Univ of Hawaii / Leahi Hosp
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
Univ of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
United States, Illinois
Northwestern Univ Med School
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Cook County Hosp
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Rush Presbyterian - Saint Luke's Med Ctr
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Indiana
Indiana Univ Hosp
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 462025250
United States, Massachusetts
Harvard (Massachusetts Gen Hosp)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, Minnesota
Univ of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, New York
Bellevue Hosp / New York Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Mount Sinai Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10029
United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve Univ
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
MetroHealth Med Ctr
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 441091998
Ohio State Univ Hosp Clinic
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 432101228
United States, Pennsylvania
Milton S Hershey Med Ctr
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 170330850
United States, Washington
Univ of Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Study Chair: Wallis R
Study Chair: Jacobson J
Study Chair: Kalayjian R
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000921     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 349
First Submitted: November 2, 1999
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: February 23, 2011
Last Verified: June 2003

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
Prednisone
Anti-HIV Agents

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Prednisone
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents