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A Pilot Study of Allogeneic Lymphocyte Transfer in HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000852
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2005
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Purpose

To examine, in HIV-infected patients, the safety of allogeneic lymphocyte transfer (i.e., infusion of white blood cells taken from an HIV-negative parent, sibling, or adult offspring who has a compatible blood type). To measure the distribution and survival of allogeneic lymphocytes in the circulation of HIV-infected patients, and to determine whether their infusion results in enhanced immunity. To determine whether enhanced immunity is passively transferred or actively induced.

There is evidence that periodic infusion of allogeneic lymphocytes obtained from the peripheral blood of HLA-matched HIV-1 seronegative siblings of patients with AIDS can, in some instances, restore the number of circulating CD4+ lymphocytes. However, more controlled studies are needed to better quantitate the immunologic reconstitution seen with this type of therapy.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infections Procedure: Allogeneic lymphocyte transfer

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Study of Allogeneic Lymphocyte Transfer in HIV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 12
Detailed Description:

There is evidence that periodic infusion of allogeneic lymphocytes obtained from the peripheral blood of HLA-matched HIV-1 seronegative siblings of patients with AIDS can, in some instances, restore the number of circulating CD4+ lymphocytes. However, more controlled studies are needed to better quantitate the immunologic reconstitution seen with this type of therapy.

Lymphocytes obtained by leukapheresis from a healthy, HIV-negative parent, sibling, or adult offspring of the HIV-infected patient are infused at day 0 and at weeks 4 and 8. A small portion of the lymphocytes obtained at day 0 will be radiolabeled prior to infusion, and two total body scans will be performed. Patients also undergo two tonsillar biopsies. Patients are followed weekly for 16 weeks, then by telephone periodically for 3 years (at 1 year, 2 years, 2.5 years, and 3 years).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required:

  • Stable antiretroviral therapy.

Allowed:

  • Maintenance therapy for a controlled opportunistic infection.

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection.
  • CD4 count 50-200 cells/mm3.
  • No ongoing major opportunistic infections.
  • Been on stable antiretroviral therapy for the past 2 months.
  • Tonsils present.
  • Life expectancy greater than 6 months.
  • An HLA-single haplotype matched, single haplotype mismatched parent, sibling, or adult offspring who is ABO, Rh compatible to serve as an HIV-negative lymphocyte donor.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Lymphoma or other malignancy requiring chemotherapy.
  • Bleeding disorder that would preclude a tonsillar biopsy.
  • Antibody on donor/recipient lymphocyte reactive antibody assay.

Donors with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Medical condition that would endanger health of donor or recipient.
  • Failure to meet established donor standards on blood screening tests.
  • CMV seropositivity if the patient (recipient) is CMV seronegative.
  • Pregnancy.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • GM-CSF or G-CSF.
  • Any investigational drug.
  • Immunomodulators (such as interferon, steroids, topical corticosteroids, thalidomide, pentoxifylline, IL-2).
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Aspirin.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood transfusion within the past 2 months.

Required:

  • Stable antiretroviral therapy for at least 2 months prior to study entry.

Active substance abuse.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000852


Locations
United States, Ohio
Univ Hosp of Cleveland / Case Western Reserve Univ
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Study Chair: Lederman M
Study Chair: Lee E
Study Chair: Deyton L
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000852     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DATRI 016
First Submitted: November 2, 1999
First Posted: August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted: December 9, 2005
Last Verified: November 1998

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
T-Lymphocytes
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Transplantation, Homologous
Immunotherapy, Adoptive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases