HDL-Atherosclerosis Treatment Study (HATS)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000553|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 28, 1999
Last Update Posted : February 10, 2016
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases Myocardial Ischemia||Drug: simvastatin Drug: niacin Drug: antioxidants||Phase 3|
More than one-third of patients with coronary disease have "low" high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) levels (less than 35 mg/dl; United States 20th percentile) and "normal" low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) (less than 145; United States mean), a group for whom current treatment guidelines are not based on clinical trial data. Low HDLc levels are strong, independent predictors of cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular mortality risk, equally so for both men and women. This high coronary artery disease risk may be due to an imbalance between delivery of cholesterol into the arterial intima by LDL and its removal by HDL. Also, since HDL serve as antioxidants and cytoprotectants, an important HDL role may be to prevent LDL oxidation and thus limit macrophage-mediated intimal lipid accumulation or to prevent vascular cell toxicity. Recent epidemiologic, experimental, and clinical trial evidence suggests that a 15 mg/dl rise in HDL cholesterol would reduce coronary artery disease incidence and mortality by 30 to 70 percent and that antioxidant vitamins E, C, and beta-carotene might reduce coronary artery disease events and atherogenesis. The potential absolute benefit is much greater in those with existing coronary artery disease. It has also been shown that HDLc rises in response to exercise, smoking cessation, weight reduction, and monounsaturated fats.
Randomized, Phase III. Each patient was randomly assigned to a lipid-altering strategy or its placebo and to an antioxidant vitamin strategy or its placebo, in a 2 x 2 factorial design. The four groups were simvastatin-niacin plus an antioxidant vitamin cocktail; simvastatin-niacin plus vitamin placebo; antioxidant vitamins alone plus simvastatin-niacin placebo; or placebos for both strategies. All groups were counseled with respect to diet, exercise, and smoking cessation. The primary endpoint was the average change in proximal obstructive disease during the 2.5 year interval between baseline and the followup study. Secondary endpoints included the frequency of cardiac events, including cardiac death, confirmed non-fatal myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident, or revascularization by bypass or angioplasty for medically refractory unstable ischemia. The trial ended in August, 1999.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Intervention Model:||Factorial Assignment|
|Study Start Date :||September 1994|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||February 2001|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000553
|OverallOfficial:||Bruce Brown||University of Washington|