Inhaled NO in Prevention of Chronic Lung Disease
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000548|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 28, 1999
Last Update Posted : March 5, 2015
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Lung Diseases||Procedure: mechanical ventilation||Phase 3|
Respiratory morbidity, particularly chronic lung disease (CLD), remains a major cause of long-term morbidity and mortality for preterm infants. Although surfactant replacement has decreased acute respiratory morbidity and mortality, it has not reduced the incidence of CLD. A number of other approaches, including antenatal thyrotropin releasing hormone in conjunction with corticosteroids, postnatal steroid administration, as well as administration of Vitamin E, diuretics, and bronchodilators, have not resulted in clinically important decreases in CLD. Infants with the most severe CLD go on to develop findings suggestive of pulmonary hypertension with cor pulmonale. There is preliminary evidence in the preterm infant with severe chronic lung disease that low-dose inhaled nitric oxide may significantly attenuate the disease and decrease mortality.
The multi-center, controlled and blinded trial investigates the hypothesis that low-dose inhaled nitric oxide administered to preterm infants between 500 and 1250 grams birth weight who continue to require mechanical ventilation at 10 days of age will increase survival without chronic lung disease (CLD) at 36 weeks post menstrual age. Secondary outcomes are duration of ventilation, oxygen requirement and duration of hospitalization. In addition, that there will be expected improvement in infant respiratory status (ventilatory support, airway resistance and compliance) associated with inhaled nitric oxide treatment. Indicators of inflammation and oxidant stress will be assessed by measurements of specific cytokines and protein modifications in tracheal aspirate and plasma samples, respectively. The safety of this therapy will be evaluated by assessing toxicity as measured by clinical bleeding, including intraventricular hemorrhage as well as the incidence of other morbidities of the preterm infant (necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity and infection) and assessing neurodevelopmental outcome through two years of age. A total of 480 infants were randomized to either inhaled NO or placebo. In summary, this clinical trial will assess the efficacy and safety of inhaled nitric oxide for amelioration of a major disease of premature infants.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Study Start Date :||March 2000|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2006|
- Survival without chronic lung disease (CLD) [ Time Frame: 36 weeks ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000548
|OverallOfficial:||Roberta Ballard||Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|