Dietary Intervention Study for Hypertension (DISH)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000497|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 28, 1999
Last Update Posted : April 15, 2015
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Hypertension Vascular Diseases||Behavioral: diet, sodium-restricted Behavioral: diet, reducing||Phase 3|
The background against which the proposal was made had been developed from the combined information of the Veterans Administration Cooperative Study and the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Study. Data from both these studies clearly established the importance of reducing sodium content by means of diuretic administration as a mainstay of the treatment of elevated blood pressure. The risks of the lifetime of treatment were undefined, but the cost of indefinite treatment of high blood pressure was sufficiently high to stimulate careful examination of alternative modes of management of such patients. The demonstrations by Parijs and others that moderate reduction in sodium intake led to improved management of hypertension and data suggesting that increased potassium intake may enhance this blood pressure lowering effect associated with sodium restriction was cited by the investigators as a basis for the trial. Any additional data regarding modest sodium restriction and potassium ingestion would have impact on utilizing such therapy in preventing hypertension and as adjunctive therapy.
The study was intended to take advantage of the availability of patients at the three centers at the completion of the Hypertension Detection and Follow-up Program Study. These patients were enrolled as 'stepped-care' participants and had been treated with antihypertensive drugs for at least five years. The main objective of the study was to determine the contribution of dietary modification to maintenance of normal blood pressure after withdrawal of medication. Two types of diet change were followed: 1) reduction of sodium intake coupled with increased potassium intake; and 2) reduction of weight in the subgroups of patients that were obese.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Study Start Date :||January 1980|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 1994|
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000497
|OverallOfficial:||Herbert Langford||University of Mississippi Medical Center|