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Role of Metabolites in Nicotine Dependence (4) - 13

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000296
First Posted: September 21, 1999
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of cotinine with or without a transdermal nicotine replacement on tobacco withdrawal symptoms.

Condition Intervention Phase
Tobacco Use Disorder Drug: Cotinine fumarate Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Role of Metabolites in Nicotine Dependence (4)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Subjective effects
  • Physiological effects
  • Behavioral

Estimated Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: November 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2001
Detailed Description:
Previous studies have shown that cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, antagonizes some of the effects of nicotine. One study showed that nicotine eliminates some of the beneficial effects of the nicotine patch in reducing withdrawal symptoms. The purpose of this study was to replicate and extend these findings and examine the effects of various doses of cotinine base compared placebo on withdrawal symptom as well as drug preference among abstinent smokers while using the nicotine patch. We hypothesized that cotinine will reduce the beneficial effects of the nicotine patch in reducing withdrawal symptoms and that placebo will be preferred over cotinine during the forced drug choice period.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years to 45 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Male/Female subjects, aged 21-45 years inclusive, with a smoking history of at least 20 cigarettes daily (greater than or equal to 50) for at lease 1 year. Subject is in good health as verified by medical history, screening examination, and screening laboratory tests as outlined above. Subject has provided written informed consent to participate in the study and is motivated to stop smoking. Subject has experienced at least 4 withdrawal symptoms upon abstinence.

Exclusion Criteria:

History of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, sustained or episodic cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic peripheral vascular disease, current peptic ulcer disease or any other medical condition which the physician investigator deems inappropriate for subject participation. Insulin-dependent diabetes. Pregnant or lactating, or not using adequate birth control methods. Requirement of any form of regular psychotropic medication (antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anxiolytics) and recent psychiatric history (less than 1yr). Chronic use of systemic steroids or antihistamines. Abuse of alcohol or any other recreation aor prescription drug (more tha 3 drinks per day or 21 drinks per week). Use of any other nicotine products, including smokeless tobacco, cigars and nicotine replacement products. Inability to fulfill all scheduled visits and examination procedures throughout the study period. History of schizophrenia or manic depressive disorder. Recent history of other psychiatric illness;less than 1 year since last episode of major depressive episode.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000296


Locations
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Dorothy Hatsukami, Ph.D. University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute
  More Information

Publications:
Presented at Society for Research on Nicotine: Tobacco. None

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000296     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-09259-13
P50-09259-13
First Submitted: September 20, 1999
First Posted: September 21, 1999
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2017
Last Verified: February 1999

Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
nicotine dependence

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Tobacco Use Disorder
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders
Nicotine
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action