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Clinical and Laboratory Study of Methylmalonic Acidemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00078078
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 1, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )

Brief Summary:

Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), one of the most common inborn errors of organic acid metabolism, is heterogeneous in etiology and clinical manifestations. Affected patients with cblA, cblB and mut classes of MMA are medically fragile and can suffer from complications such as metabolic stroke or infarction of the basal ganglia, pancreatitis, end stage renal failure, growth impairment, osteoporosis, and developmental delay. The frequency of these complications and their precipitants remain undefined. Furthermore, current treatment protocol outcomes have continued to demonstrate substantial morbidity and mortality in the patient population. Increasingly, solid organ transplantation (liver, and/or kidney) has been used to treat patients. Disordered transport and intracellular metabolism of vitamin B12 produces a distinct group of disorders that feature methylmalonic acidemia as well as (hyper)homocysteinemia. These conditions are named after the corresponding cellular complementation class (cblC, cblD, cblF, cblJ and cblX) and are also heterogenous, clinically and biochemically. The genetic disorders underlying cblE and cblG feature an isolated impairment of the activity of methionine synthase, a critical enzyme involved in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine and these disorders feature (hyper)homocysteinemia. Lastly, a group of patients can have increased methylmalonic acid and/or homocysteine in the blood or urine caused by variant(s)in recently identified (ACSF3) and unknown genes.

In this protocol, we will clinically evaluate patients with methylmalonic acidemia and cobalamin metabolic defects. Routine inpatient admissions will last up to 4-5 days and involve urine collection, blood drawing, ophthalmological examination, radiological procedures, MRI/MRS, skin biopsies in some, and developmental testing. In a subset of patients who have or will receive renal, hepato- or hepato-renal transplants or have an unusual variant or clinical course and have MMA, a lumbar puncture to examine CSF metabolites will be performed. In this small group of patients, CSF metabolite monitoring may be used to adjust therapy.

The study objectives will be to further delineate the spectrum of phenotypes and characterize the natural history of these enzymopathies, query for genotype/enzymatic/phenotype correlations, search for new genetic causes of methylmalonic acidemia and/or homocysteinemia, identify new disease biomarkers and define clinical outcome parameters for future clinical trials.

The population will consist of participants previously evaluated at NIH, physician referrals, and families directed to the study from clinicaltrials.gov as well as the Organic Acidemia Association, Homocystinuria Network America and other national and international support groups. Most participants will be evaluated only at the NIH Clinical Center. However, if the NIH team decides that a patient under the age of 2 years is a candidate subject for this research protocol, that patient may enroll at the Children s National Medical Center (CNMC) site, pending approval by Dr Chapman, the Principal Investigator of the CNMC location Individuals may also enroll in the tissue collection only part of the study at the UPMC Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh or share medical history and clinical data via telemedicine visits remotely. Outcome measures will largely be descriptive and encompass correlations between clinical, biochemical and molecular parameters.


Condition or disease
Organic Acidemia Methylmalonic Acidemia Inborn Errors of Metabolism

Detailed Description:

Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), one of the most common inborn errors of organic acid metabolism, is heterogeneous in etiology and clinical manifestations. Affected patients with cblA, cblB and mut classes of MMA are medically fragile and can suffer from complications such as metabolic stroke or infarction of the basal ganglia, pancreatitis, end stage renal failure, growth impairment, osteoporosis, and developmental delay. The frequency of these complications and their precipitants remain undefined. Furthermore, current treatment protocol outcomes have continued to demonstrate substantial morbidity and mortality in the patient population. Increasingly, solid organ transplantation (liver, and/or kidney) has been used to treat patients. Disordered transport and intracellular metabolism of vitamin B12 produces a distinct group of disorders that feature methylmalonic acidemia as well as (hyper)homocysteinemia. These conditions are named after the corresponding cellular complementation class (cblC, cblD, cblF, cblJ and cblX) and are also heterogenous, clinically and biochemically. The genetic disorders underlying cblE and cblG feature an isolated impairment of the activity of methionine synthase, a critical enzyme involved in the conversion of homocysteine to methionine and these disorders feature (hyper)homocysteinemia. Lastly, a group of patients can have increased methylmalonic acid and/or homocysteine in the blood or urine caused by variant(s)in recently identified (ACSF3) and unknown genes.

In this protocol, we will clinically evaluate patients with methylmalonic acidemia and cobalamin metabolic defects. Routine inpatient admissions will last up to 4-5 days and involve urine collection, blood drawing, ophthalmological examination, radiological procedures, MRI/MRS, skin biopsies in some, and developmental testing. In a subset of patients who have or will receive renal, hepato- or hepato-renal transplants or have an unusual variant or clinical course and have MMA, a lumbar puncture to examine CSF metabolites will be performed. In this small group of patients, CSF metabolite monitoring may be used to adjust therapy.

The study objectives will be to further delineate the spectrum of phenotypes and characterize the natural history of these enzymopathies, query for genotype/enzymatic/phenotype correlations, search for new genetic causes of methylmalonic acidemia and/or homocysteinemia, identify new disease biomarkers and define clinical outcome parameters for future clinical trials.

The population will consist of participants previously evaluated at NIH, physician referrals, and families directed to the study from clinicaltrials.gov as well as the Organic Acidemia Association, Homocystinuria Network America and other national and international support groups. Most participants will be evaluated only at the NIH Clinical Center. However, if the NIH team decides that a patient under the age of 2 years is a candidate subject for this research protocol, that patient may enroll at the Children s National Medical Center (CNMC) site, pending approval by Dr Chapman, the Principal Investigator of the CNMC location Individuals may also enroll in the tissue collection only part of the study at the UPMC Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh or share medical history and clinical data via telemedicine visits remotely. Outcome measures will largely be descriptive and encompass correlations between clinical, biochemical and molecular parameters.

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 2275 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Clinical and Basic Investigations of Methylmalonic Acidemia (MMA) and Related Disorders
Actual Study Start Date : June 7, 2004


Group/Cohort
Methylmalonic Acidemia
Individuals with methylmalonic acidemia



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Natural history to assess long term complications of disease. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Assessing the complications of MMA during a week long evaluation with imaging, labs and consultations.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Individuals with methylmalonic acidemia
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients of any gender, ethnicity, and over 1 month of age with biochemical or genetic diagnosis of methylmalonic acidemia or cobalamin disorders are eligible to enroll in this protocol. The primary reason for expanding enrollment to young children is because individuals with cobalamin C deficiency (cblC) develop a maculopathy often in utero or early infancy yet the natural history of the disease progression in these early years has not been well defined. Our colleagues at the National Eye Institute have documented the retinal findings in the largest cohort of individuals with cblC and have developed an expertise in this disorder. A recent report suggests that early treatment may significantly improve the retinal disease and will be the focus of a future clinical trial at the NIH Clinical Center requiring a need for more natural history data from birth to early childhood. Children ages 1 month to 2 years or under 12 kg will be reviewed by the Pediatric Consult Service prior to scheduling and if approved will be evaluated in the outpatient clinic for limited evaluations blood draw, eye exam, consults. Affected infants that are not approved by the Pediatric Consult Service or are not stable enough to travel may enroll remotely by telemedicine to include in natural history data collection, such as medical history and laboratory result sharing and interpretation, molecular genetic testing, genetic counseling, nutrition consult with dietary food log analysis, neurocognitive assessments. Affected individuals of any of the other disorders under study, younger than 2 years may be evaluated at Children s National Medical Center (CNMC) as part of an evolving agreement in the Translational Program in Pediatrics, if they are deemed eligible for participation by the NIH team and the CNMC team. Patients will be diagnosed based on a determination of MMA and homocysteine levels in plasma and urine. Most will have their complementation class known or pending. Molecular genetic analyses to determine mutations will be expected to have been performed prior to acceptance into the study. Some patients who have not yet had these laboratory tests will be admitted to the protocol based upon metabolic parameters and clinical history. This latter category of patients might include individuals with a suspected genetic but unknown type of MMA.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

The PI/AI may decline to enroll a patient for reasons such as being medically unstable, residing in a hospital, sub-optimal metabolic control or for any concerns arising after review of the laboratory and clinical data; any patient who requires dialysis once or more/week and weighs <40 kg; any patient who is being treated for an intercurrent infection with antibiotics or has evidence of an acute infection and has metabolic symptoms; any patient who does not have a regular/local metabolic, genetic or endocrine physician and/or a family physician, pediatrician, or internist; any patient who may be metabolically unstable but not acutely ill; and any patient or family who may not be able to institute recommendations for appropriate testing and care before visiting the NIH. Each family may be contacted by the NIH team prior to a pending admission to confirm that the patient is metabolically stable and ready to visit the NIH in a state of relative health, with an adequate supply of special formulas, medications, supplements, and if needed, medical equipment such as feeding pumps and replacement parts for feeding tubes. A subset of participants will be enrolled in the tissue collection part of the study only (i.e. if they are too sick to travel).

Pregnant women may be eligible to enroll in the study if they are affected with methylmalonic acidemia or a cobalamin disorder or are family members of an affected subject. Pregnant women are not excluded because it is important to learn more about the effects of these disorders in pregnant participants and the fetus. This research involves no more than minimal risk to the fetus. Affected subjects who are pregnant or become pregnant during their participation on the study will not be withdrawn, but will be excluded from some procedures until the pregnancy is concluded. Affected subjects who are pregnant may undergo procedures as part of their clinical care, including blood draws, genetic studies, and consultations, according to the clinical judgement of the clinical team. Pregnant participants will be excluded from some procedures such as stable isotope, GFR testing, and MRI until the pregnancy is concluded.

Patients with methylmalonic acidemia or cobalamin disorders of any age, gender and ethnicity, undergoing a transplantation surgery at UPMC Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh, are eligible to participate in the tissue collection arm of the study. Pregnant women will be excluded from tissue collection at the UPMC Children s Hospital of Pittsburgh.

For the healthy volunteers, eligibility criteria include individuals that are age 18 and over.

Exclusion criteria include: women who are pregnant, individuals being treated with antibiotics, individuals with kidney or liver disease, individuals on a special diet such as a high protein diet or taking protein supplements and individuals with severe claustrophobia or other anxiety disorders.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00078078


Contacts
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Contact: Jennifer Sloan, Ph.D. (301) 443-9055 jsloan@mail.nih.gov
Contact: Charles P Venditti, M.D. (301) 496-6213 venditti@mail.nih.gov

Locations
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United States, District of Columbia
Childrens National Medical Center Recruiting
Washington, District of Columbia, United States
Contact: Kimberly Chapman, M.D.    202-476-5278    KChapman@childrensnational.org   
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@cc.nih.gov   
United States, Pennsylvania
Childrens Hospital, Pittsburgh Recruiting
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213-2583
Contact: Patrick McKiernan, M.D.    412-692-5201      
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Charles P Venditti, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Additional Information:
Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00078078    
Other Study ID Numbers: 040127
04-HG-0127
First Posted: February 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 1, 2021
Last Verified: April 22, 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):
Organic Acidemias
Cobalamin
Vitamin B12
Methylmalonic Acidemia
Hyperhomocysteinemia
MMA
Metabolic Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Acidosis
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolic Diseases
Acid-Base Imbalance