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Motivational Interviewing to Improve Treatment Engagement and Outcome in Subjects Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse - 1

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00032994
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 8, 2002
Last Update Posted : January 12, 2017
Information provided by:
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess Motivational Interviewing (MI) to improve treatment engagement and outcome in subjects seeking treatment for substance abuse.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Substance-Related Disorders Behavioral: Behavior Therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Participants seeking treatment at the participating CTPs will be randomly assigned to either "standard" or "MET/MI" treatment, with a 1- and 3-month follow-up. Primary outcome measures will include (1) treatment retention (e.g., number of sessions/weeks completed, the rate of patients completing 3 or more subsequent sessions, and (2) substance use (e.g., urinalyses, days of opioid, cocaine, marijuana, alcohol use, rates of abstinence). Secondary outcomes will include motivation, psychosocial functioning, HIV risk behaviors, treatment utilization, and patient satisfaction. Process assessments will include measures of the working alliance as well as therapist adherence/competence ratings which will evaluate how effectively MET/MI was implemented. Participating CTPs will implement one of two independent protocols, depending on which is the best suited or feasible for the intake procedures at their clinic. Thus, following an invitation to participate, explanation of the study, and provision of informed consent, patients would complete a brief assessment battery followed by either:1) Random assignment to 3 individual sessions of standard treatment (treatment as usual) at the program versus 3 individual sessions of MET; or 2) Random assignment to 1 individual standard assessment/evaluation session.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 422 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Motivational Interviewing (MI) to Improve Treatment Engagement and Outcome in Subjects Seeking Treatment for Substance Abuse
Study Start Date : April 2001
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2002
Study Completion Date : October 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Abuse

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Drug use
  2. Retention
  3. HIV risk behaviors
  4. Psychosocial functioning

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Individuals will be eligible for the protocol who: a)Are seeking outpatient treatment for any substance use disorder. b)Are 18 years of age or older. c)Are willing to participate in the protocol (e.g., to be randomized to treatment, be contacted for follow-up assessment, to have their sessions audiotaped). d)Are able to understand and provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

Individuals will be excluded who: a)Are not sufficiently medically or psychiatrically stable to participate in outpatient treatment. b)Are seeking detoxification only, methadone maintenance, or residential inpatient treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00032994

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United States, New York
Lower Eastside Service Center (LESC)
New York, New York, United States, 10007
United States, Oregon
Willamette Family Treatment Services
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97402
Changepoint - Cedar Hills Blvd
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97292
Roseburg, Oregon, United States, 97470
United States, Virginia
Chesterfield County CSB- Substance Abuse Services
Chesterfield, Virginia, United States, 23832
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
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Principal Investigator: Kathleen Carroll, Ph.D. VA Connecticut Healthcare System
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Kathleen Carroll, Ph.D., Yale University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT00032994    
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00015730
Other Study ID Numbers: NIDA-CTN-0005-1
First Posted: April 8, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 12, 2017
Last Verified: April 2010
Keywords provided by National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA):
substance use disorders
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders