Carboplatin, Paclitaxel, and Bevacizumab With or Without Erlotinib Hydrochloride in Treating Non-Smokers With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been terminated.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00976677
First received: September 11, 2009
Last updated: May 23, 2014
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

This randomized phase II trial studies how well carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab work with or without erlotinib hydrochloride in treating non-smokers with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. It is not yet known whether giving combination chemotherapy together with bevacizumab is more effective with or without erlotinib hydrochloride in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IIIB Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Stage IV Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Drug: paclitaxel
Drug: carboplatin
Biological: bevacizumab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Double-Blind Placebo Controlled Phase II Trial Evaluating Erlotinib in Non-Smoking Patients With (Bevacizumab-Eligible and Ineligible) Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Every 6 weeks during treatment and every 3 months in follow-up until disease progression or up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) is defined to be the time from randomization to progression of disease or death, whichever occurs first. Progressive disease is defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum on study, or appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions.


Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: January 2010
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm I
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes (with or without bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes) on day 1. Patients also receive placebo PO QD on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of 6 courses, patients with stable or responding disease may continue to receive placebo (with or without bevacizumab) as above in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF
Experimental: Arm II
Patients receive paclitaxel and carboplatin (with or without bevacizumab) as in arm I. Patients also receive erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of 6 courses, patients with stable or responding disease may continue to receive erlotinib hydrochloride (with or without bevacizumab) as above in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CP-358,774
  • erlotinib
  • OSI-774
Drug: paclitaxel
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Anzatax
  • Asotax
  • TAX
  • Taxol
Drug: carboplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Carboplat
  • CBDCA
  • JM-8
  • Paraplat
  • Paraplatin
Biological: bevacizumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-VEGF humanized monoclonal antibody
  • anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody
  • Avastin
  • rhuMAb VEGF

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the progression-free survival (PFS) of non-smokers with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) randomized to standard of care (either carboplatin/paclitaxel with or without bevacizumab), or standard of care plus erlotinib hydrochloride.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the overall survival from day of randomization. II. To evaluate response rate. III. To evaluate relative toxicity. IV. To determine the frequency of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kras mutations in non-smokers with NSCLC and correlate mutation status with response rate and progression free survival.

V. To obtain blood and tissue specimens for further marker-based exploratory analyses regarding EGFR inhibitors.

VI. To evaluate EGFR positivity by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) as a predictor of improved PFS in patients treated with erlotinib hydrochloride.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to gender and eligibility for bevacizumab therapy (ineligible vs eligible and willing to receive bevacizumab vs eligible and not willing to receive bevacizumab). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 30 minutes (with or without bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes) on day 1. Patients also receive placebo orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of 6 courses, patients with stable or responding disease may continue to receive placebo (with or without bevacizumab) as above in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive paclitaxel and carboplatin (with or without bevacizumab) as in arm I. Patients also receive erlotinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-21. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. After completion of 6 courses, patients with stable or responding disease may continue to receive erlotinib hydrochloride (with or without bevacizumab) as above in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood and tissue samples are collected for correlative laboratory studies.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Measurable disease as defined by Response Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria
  • Baseline measurements and evaluations of all sites of disease must be obtained =< 4 weeks (28 days) prior to randomization
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status between 0-1
  • No prior chemotherapy for lung cancer; prior chemotherapy for an unrelated condition is allowed if completed > 3 years prior to date of randomization
  • Histological or cytologic evidence of non-small cell lung cancer
  • Patients must not have any additional active, invasive malignancies requiring therapy
  • Patients must have smoked less than or equal to 100 cigarettes in their lifetime
  • Stage IV or IIIB (with pleural or pericardial effusion or multifocal pleural involvement) or recurrence after prior curative resection or definitive radiation
  • Prior radiation therapy (RT) is allowed, provided RT has ended at least 2 weeks (14 days) prior to date of randomization; patients must have recovered from any adverse events related to the RT (except alopecia and grade 1 neuropathy); no previous irradiation to the only site of measurable disease, unless that site has had subsequent evidence of pathologic or radiologic progression
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dl
  • Creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dl
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) =< 3 X institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to unknown interaction between erlotinib and the developing fetus or newborns potentially exposed to erlotinib by ingestion of lactated milk; all females of childbearing potential must have a blood test within 2 weeks prior to randomization to rule out pregnancy
  • Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must be strongly advised to use an accepted and effective method of contraception
  • Patients must not have clinically significant ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic or uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patient must meet the following criteria:

    • Non-squamous histology
    • No antecedent hemoptysis
    • International normalized ratio (INR) =< 3 within 4 weeks (28 days) prior to randomization
  • Patients may be on a stable regimen of therapeutic anticoagulation or may be receiving prophylactic anticoagulation of venous access devices, provided that coagulation studies met entry criteria; caution must be exercised for patients requiring anticoagulation, including treatment with low dose heparin or low molecular weight heparin for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis while on study due to an increased risk of bleeding with bevacizumab
  • No history of untreated brain metastases NOTE: Recent data (PASSPORT, ATLAS, AIRES) suggest that bevacizumab can be given in patients with treated brain metastases; investigators can use their discretion in deciding whether to use bevacizumab in patients who fulfill these criteria
  • Urine dipstick must be =< 0-1+ within 4 weeks (28 days) of randomization. If urine dipstick is > 1+ then the Urine Protein Creatinine (UPC) ratio must be calculated
  • Patients must have no history of thrombotic or hemorrhagic disorders
  • Patients with history of hypertension must be well-controlled (blood pressure [BP] =< 150/90 within 4 weeks [28 days] of randomization) and on a stable regimen of anti-hypertensive therapy (within 4 weeks of randomization)
  • Patients must not have serious non-healing wound ulcer, bone fracture, or major surgical procedure within 28 days prior to randomization
  • Patients with a known history of myocardial infarction or other evidence of arterial thrombotic disease (angina) will be allowed on study only if they have had no evidence of active disease for at least 6 months prior to randomization
  • Patients must not have a history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months prior to randomization
  • Patients must not have significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm, requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to randomization
  • Patients must not have clinically significant cardiovascular disease including:

    • History of cerebral vascular accident (CVA) within 6 months
    • New York Heart Association grade II or greater congestive heart failure
    • Serious and inadequately controlled cardiac arrhythmia
    • Clinically significant peripheral vascular disease (symptomatic with intermittent claudications or < 6 months from a bypass operation)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00976677

  Show 108 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Corey Langer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00976677     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2011-01967, NCI-2011-01967, ECOG-E2508, CDR0000654212, E2508, E2508, U10CA021115
Study First Received: September 11, 2009
Results First Received: April 24, 2013
Last Updated: May 23, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Lung Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Antibodies
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Bevacizumab
Carboplatin
Erlotinib
Paclitaxel
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antimitotic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Enzyme Inhibitors
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014