Peds Sanofi H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Administered at Two Dose Levels

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00944073
First received: July 21, 2009
Last updated: May 10, 2012
Last verified: March 2010
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and the body's immune response (body's defense against disease) to an experimental H1N1 influenza vaccine. Up to 650 healthy volunteers from three age groups (greater than or equal to 6 months to less than 36 months, greater than or equal to 36 months to 9 years, and 10 - 17 years) with no history of influenza H1N1 2009 influenza infection or influenza H1N1 2009 vaccination will participate. Participants will be randomly (by chance) assigned to 1 of 2 possible H1N1 vaccine groups. Group 1 will receive 15 mcg of vaccine; Group 2 will receive 30 mcg of vaccine. Participants will receive vaccine injections on Days 0 and 21 in the arm or thigh muscle. Study procedures include: medical history, physical exam, maintaining a memory aid, and blood sample collection. Participants will be involved in study related procedures for approximately 7 months.


Condition Intervention Phase
Influenza
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II Study in Infants (Greater Than or Equal to 6 - Less Than 36 Months), Children (Greater Than or Equal to 36 Months - 9 Years) and Adolescents (10 - 17 Years) to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of an Unadjuvanted Sanofi Pasteur H1N1 Influenza Vaccine Administered at Two Dose Levels

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Local Reactions After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of pain, tenderness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Subjective Local Reactions After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of pain, tenderness and swelling for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Local Reactions After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of swelling and redness for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). If the reaction was present, the maximum diameter was measured in millimeters (mm). Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the reaction with any measurement greater than 0 mm on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Local Reactions After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of local reactions of swelling and redness for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). If the reaction was present, the maximum diameter was measured in millimeters (mm). Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the reaction with any measurement greater than 0 mm on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Systemic Reactions After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily oral/axillary temperatures and the number of vomiting episodes, if experienced, for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). Participants are counted as experiencing fever if they reported oral temperatures of 38.3 degrees Celsius or higher, or axillary temperatures of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher, on any of the 8 days. Participants are counted as experiencing vomiting if they reported one or more episodes of vomiting on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Solicited Quantitative Systemic Reactions After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily oral/axillary temperatures and the number of vomiting episodes, if experienced, for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7). Participants are counted as experiencing fever if they reported oral temperatures of 38.3 degrees Celsius or higher, or axillary temperatures of 37.8 degrees Celsius or higher, on any of the 8 days. Participants are counted as experiencing vomiting if they reported one or more episodes of vomiting on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants' parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of irritability, decreased appetite and lethargy for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants' parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of irritability, decreased appetite and lethargy for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, myalgia, headache, nausea and decreased general activity for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, myalgia, headache, nausea and decreased general activity for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After the First Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, myalgia, headache, nausea, decreased general activity, and malaise for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years Reporting Solicited Subjective Systemic Reactions After the Second Vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0-7 after second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Participants or their parents/guardians maintained a memory aid to record daily the occurrence of systemic symptoms of feverishness, myalgia, headache, nausea, decreased general activity, and malaise for 8 days after vaccination (Day 0-7) based on their interference with daily activities. Participants are counted if they were reported as experiencing the symptom at any severity on any of the 8 days.

  • Number of Participants Reporting Vaccine-associated Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 0 through Day 180 after last vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Serious adverse events included any untoward medical occurrence that resulted in death; was life threatening; was a persistent/significant disability/incapacity; required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation thereof; resulted in a congenital anomaly/birth defect; or may have jeopardized the participant or required intervention to prevent one of these outcomes. Association to vaccination was determined by a study clinician licensed to make medical diagnoses.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 0 [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 8-10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum, for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 0 [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to vaccination for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 8-10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum, for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 0 and at Days 8-10 and 21 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to vaccination and Days 8-10 and 21 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants prior to vaccination and at Days 8-10 and 21 for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 8-10 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 8-10 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 8-10 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 21 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum, for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 8-10 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 8-10 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 8-10 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Day 21 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum, for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Days 8-10 and 21 Following a Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to and Days 8-10 and 21 after first vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from all participants enrolled in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 8-10 or Day 21 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 8-10 or Day 21 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 8-10 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus Day 21 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 8-10 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 8-10 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from all participants enrolled in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years With a Serum Hemagglutination Inhibition Assay (HAI) Antibody Titer of 1:40 or Greater Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from all participants enrolled in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. Each sample was tested at least twice according to standard operating procedures and the result of each replicate reported. A participant is counted if the geometric mean of the replicate values was 1:40 or greater.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 8-10 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 8-10 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 8-10 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 6 to Less Than 36 Months With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 8-10 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 8-10 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 8-10 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 36 Months to 9 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from participants enrolled after the first 30 in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 8-10 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 8-10 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was to be collected from the first 30 participants enrolled in each dose group in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 8-10 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 8-10 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.

  • Number of Participants Age 10 to 17 Years With 4-Fold or Greater HAI Antibody Titer Increases Against the Influenza H1N1 2009 Virus at Day 21 Following the Second Dose of H1N1 Vaccine [ Time Frame: Day 0 prior to first vaccination and Day 21 after the second vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood was collected from all participants enrolled in this age stratum for testing in the HAI assay with Influenza H1N1 2009 virus as the assay antigen. A participant met the threshold of a 4-fold rise in titer if the Day 0 titer was less than 1:10 (the assay's lowest level of detection) and the Day 21 titer was 1:40 or greater, or the Day 0 titer was greater than or equal to 1:10 and the Day 21 titer was an increase by 4-fold or more.


Enrollment: 583
Study Start Date: August 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: April 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 2: 30 mcg H1N1 Vaccine
300 subjects to receive 30 mcg of Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine on Day 0 and Day 21.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Two doses of inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine delivered intramuscularly as 15 or 30 micrograms per dose. Both doses of the vaccine will be administered as a single 0.5 mL injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm or into the anterolateral thigh muscle.
Experimental: Group 1: 15 mcg H1N1 Vaccine
300 subjects to receive 15 mcg of Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine on Day 0 and Day 21.
Biological: Inactivated H1N1 Vaccine
Two doses of inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine delivered intramuscularly as 15 or 30 micrograms per dose. Both doses of the vaccine will be administered as a single 0.5 mL injection in the deltoid muscle of the preferred arm or into the anterolateral thigh muscle.

Detailed Description:

Recently, a novel swine-origin influenza A/H1N1 virus was identified as a significant cause of febrile respiratory illnesses in Mexico and the United States. It rapidly spread to many countries around the world, prompting the World Health Organization to declare a pandemic on June 11, 2009. Data from several cohorts in different age groups that received licensed trivalent seasonal influenza vaccines suggest that these vaccines are unlikely to provide protection against the new virus. Adults are more likely to have measurable levels of serum hemagglutination inhibition assay (HAI) or neutralizing antibody than are children. These data indicate the need to develop vaccines against the new H1N1 strain and suggest that different vaccine strategies (e.g., number of doses, need for adjuvant) may be appropriate for persons in different age groups. Based on clinical data from other novel influenza A viruses, a higher dose, or multiple doses of an unadjuvanted, inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine may be necessary to confer protection to a maximal number of vaccine recipients. This protocol explores the antibody response following vaccination at 2 different dosage levels (15 mcg and 30 mcg) in up to 650 children aged 6 months to 17 years, inclusive. This study assesses the immune response following a single dose of vaccine, to assess whether individuals have any pre-existing 'prime' immunity, such that the initial H1N1 vaccination serves as a boost, thus conferring a more rapid time to protection and the need for fewer doses. Antibody responses will be assessed after a second dose. This is a randomized, double-blinded, Phase II study in healthy infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents and is designed to investigate the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of an inactivated influenza H1N1 virus vaccine. The primary objectives are safety, to assess the safety of the unadjuvanted, inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose; and immunogenicity, to assess the antibody response following a single dose of unadjuvanted, inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine, stratified by age of recipient, when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose. The secondary immunogenicity objective is to assess the antibody response following two doses of unadjuvanted, inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine, stratified by age of recipient, when administered at the 15 mcg or 30 mcg dose. There will be 3 age strata, each containing 200 subjects: greater than or equal to 6 months to less than 36 months, greater than or equal to 36 months to 9 years, and 10 - 17 years . Subjects will be randomized into 2 groups, with 300 subjects per group (100 per strata), to receive intramuscular inactivated influenza H1N1 vaccine at 15 mcg (Group 1) or 30 mcg (Group 2). The vaccine will be administered on Days 0 and 21. Following immunization, safety will be measured by assessment of adverse events (AEs) for 21 days following the last vaccination (Day 42 for those receiving both doses and Day 21 for those who do not receive the second dose); serious adverse events (SAEs) and new-onset chronic medical conditions through 7 months post first vaccination (Day 201); and reactogenicity to the vaccines for 8 days following each vaccination (Day 0-7). Immunogenicity testing will include HAI and neutralizing antibody testing on serum obtained on the day of each vaccination (prior to vaccination) and 21 days following the second vaccination (Day 42). For subjects aged 10-17 years, serum for antibody assays will also be obtained at Day 8-10 following each vaccination. However, for the greater than or equal to 6 months - less than 36 months and the greater than or equal to 36 months - 9 years age strata, the first 30 subjects enrolled in each dose level will have blood collected for antibody assays prior to vaccination on Day 0 - Visit 1, and then Day 8-10 - Visit 2 and Day 8-10 post second vaccination - Visit 4 only.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Are males or non-pregnant females aged 6 months to 17 years, inclusive.
  • Subjects of child-bearing potential must agree to practice adequate contraception that may include, but is not limited to, abstinence, barrier methods such as condoms, diaphragms, spermicides, intrauterine devices, and licensed hormonal methods during the study for at least 30 days following the last vaccination.
  • The subject must be in good health as determined by axillary (<10 years of age) or oral temperature (axillary temperature <100 degrees Fahrenheit or oral temperature <101 degrees Fahrenheit), medical history, and targeted physical examination based on medical history.
  • Subject and/or parent(s)/legal guardian(s) must be willing and able to comply with planned study procedures and be available for all study visits.
  • Subject and/or parent(s) legal guardian(s) must provide written informed consent prior to initiation of any study procedures, and subject may provide written assent as appropriate.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a known allergy to eggs or other components of the vaccine (including gelatin, formaldehyde, octoxinol, thimerosal and chicken protein).
  • Have a positive urine or serum pregnancy test within 24 hours prior to vaccination or are breastfeeding.
  • Have immunosuppression as a result of an underlying illness or treatment, or use of anticancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy (cytotoxic) within the preceding 36 months.
  • Have an active neoplastic disease or a history of any hematologic malignancy.
  • Have long term use of glucocorticoids including oral, parenteral or high-dose inhaled steroids (>800 mcg/day of beclomethasone dipropionate or equivalent) within the preceding 6 months. (Nasal and topical steroids are allowed.)
  • Have a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disease, or other major psychiatric diagnosis including major depression.
  • Have been hospitalized for psychiatric illness, history of suicide attempt, or confinement for danger to self or others.
  • Are receiving any psychiatric drugs (aripiprazole, clozapine, ziprasidone, haloperidol, molindone, loxapine, thioridazine, thiothixene, pimozide, fluphenazine, risperidone, mesoridazine, quetiapine, trifluoperazine, chlorprothixene, chlorpromazine, perphenazine, trifluopromazine, olanzapine, carbamazepine, divalproex sodium, lithium carbonate or lithium citrate) or any drugs for treatment of depression.
  • Have a history of receiving immunoglobulin or other blood product within the 3 months prior to vaccination in this study.
  • Received an experimental agent (vaccine, drug, biologic, device, blood product, or medication) within 1 month prior to vaccination in this study or expect to receive an experimental agent during this study (prior to the Day 201 follow-up call - 180 days after the second vaccination).
  • Have received any live licensed vaccines within 4 weeks or inactivated licensed vaccines within 2 weeks prior to vaccination in this study or plan receipt of such vaccines within 21 days following the second vaccination. This is inclusive of routine childhood immunizations provided outside the scope of this study, and seasonal influenza vaccines. The initiation of this protocol does not take precedence over routine immunizations.
  • Have an acute or chronic medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would render vaccination unsafe, or would interfere with the evaluation of responses.
  • Have a history of severe reactions following previous immunization with influenza virus vaccines.
  • Have an acute illness, including an axillary temperature greater than 100 degrees Fahrenheit or an oral temperature greater than or equal to 101 degrees Fahrenheit, within 3 days prior to vaccination.
  • Have any condition that would, in the opinion of the site investigator, place them at an unacceptable risk of injury or render them unable to meet the requirements of the protocol.
  • Participated in a novel influenza H1N1 2009 vaccine study in the past two years or have a history of novel influenza H1N1 2009 infection prior to enrollment.
  • Have known active human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C infection.
  • Have a history of alcohol or drug abuse.
  • Plan to travel outside of North America in the time between the first vaccination and 42 days following the first vaccination.
  • Have a history of Guillain-Barré Syndrome.
  • Have any condition that the investigator believes may interfere with successful completion of the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00944073

Locations
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Missouri
Children's Mercy Hospital and Clinics - Infectious Diseases
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64108
United States, North Carolina
Duke Health Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27704
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45231
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt University
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-2573
United States, Texas
The University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555
United States, Washington
Seattle Children's Hospital - Infectious Diseases
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00944073     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-0054, N01AI80057C
Study First Received: July 21, 2009
Results First Received: March 17, 2011
Last Updated: May 10, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
H1N1, influenza A viruses, vaccine, infants, children

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 16, 2014