Preventing Depression in the Children of Depressed African American Mothers

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2009 by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH).
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Information provided by:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Identifier:
First received: May 19, 2009
Last updated: June 25, 2009
Last verified: June 2009

This study will test a program for preventing depression from developing in the children of depressed African American mothers.

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Family Prevention Program
Behavioral: Psychoeducation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Children of Depressed Mothers: Culture & Prevention

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Negative cognitions [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline, after 1 month of treatment, and at post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Social skills [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Social support [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Study Start Date: November 2004
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants will take part in a family prevention program for the families of children with a depressed African American mother.
Behavioral: Family Prevention Program
Eight 1-hour sessions, tailored as required to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family; other family members, such as fathers, spouses, and grandparents, will be invited to participate in the intervention
Active Comparator: 2
Participants will receive education about depression.
Behavioral: Psychoeducation
Two 1-hour sessions focusing on psychoeducation about depression and its impact on children and the family

Detailed Description:

The children of depressed women are at an increased risk of developing depression, in addition to other psychological disorders. Studies show that this effect may occur cross culturally, and studies of African American mothers with depression show that their parenting is limited in structure and involvement. Depression may be transmitted from parent to child through exposure to the depressed parent's negative cognitions, behaviors, and affect and through stressors of daily life that accompany living with a depressed person. Previous studies of depression prevention programs for the children of depressed mothers have proved effective in changing negative behaviors and attitudes. This study will test a depression prevention program modified to treat the children of depressed, African American mothers.

Participation in this study will last 2 months. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either an eight-session family-based prevention program or a two-session education control program. Both programs will involve the 8- to 14-year-old child of a depressed African American mother and any other adult family members who want to be involved. Participants in the family-based prevention program and their families will meet weekly with a study therapist to learn about depression, its impact on the family, coping with life stresses, and thinking skills. Although the treatment always will have the same core elements, it will be tailored to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family. The education program will involve two meetings, one 4 weeks and one 6 weeks after enrollment, with a study researcher. Participants and their families in the education program will only receive information on depression and its impact on the family.

Participants will complete assessments at baseline, after 1 month of treatment, and post-treatment. These assessments will include interviews and questionnaires for both children and adults about family functioning, environment, and the child.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria for Mothers:

  • African American
  • Has primary current or past-year DSM-IV diagnosis of major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified (NOS)
  • Parent or guardian and primary caregiver of a child 8 to 14 years old
  • Has resided at least part time for the past year with the targeted child
  • May be receiving psychopharmacological treatment, psychosocial services, or both

Inclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Has an African American mother with a depressive disorder
  • 8 to 14 years old
  • Resides at least part time with mother

Exclusion Criteria for Mothers:

  • Current or lifetime history of schizophrenia
  • Current or lifetime history of bipolar disorder
  • Current or past-year diagnosis of alcohol or drug dependency
  • Serious medical disorder, neurological disorder, condition, or chronic pain that prevents participation
  • Documented mental retardation
  • Current suicide risk sufficient to preclude outpatient treatment

Exclusion Criteria for Children:

  • Currently in treatment for depression or an anxiety disorder
  • Presence of a medical or psychiatric condition contraindicating study intervention, such as mental retardation, suicidality, or pervasive developmental disorder
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00904917

Contact: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD 215-590-3945
Contact: Thananya D. Wooden, BS 267-426-0289

United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD    215-590-3945   
Contact: Thananya D. Wooden, BS    267-426-0289   
Principal Investigator: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Principal Investigator: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
  More Information

Boyd, R. C., Wooden, T. D., Munro, M., Liu, T., & Ten Have, T. (2008). The impact of community violence exposure on anxiety in children of mothers with depression. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1, 287-299.

Responsible Party: Rhonda C. Boyd, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Identifier: NCT00904917     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: K01 MH068619, DSIR 8K-RTCT, IRB NO: 2004-10-4041
Study First Received: May 19, 2009
Last Updated: June 25, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH):
African American Mothers
African American Families
Parental Depression
Preventive Intervention

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on September 30, 2014