Preventing Depression in the Children of Depressed African American Mothers
Recruitment status was Recruiting
This study will test a program for preventing depression from developing in the children of depressed African American mothers.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Children of Depressed Mothers: Culture & Prevention|
- Negative cognitions [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline, after 1 month of treatment, and at post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Social skills [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Social support [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2004|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2009|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||November 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Participants will take part in a family prevention program for the families of children with a depressed African American mother.
Behavioral: Family Prevention Program
Eight 1-hour sessions, tailored as required to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family; other family members, such as fathers, spouses, and grandparents, will be invited to participate in the intervention
Active Comparator: 2
Participants will receive education about depression.
Two 1-hour sessions focusing on psychoeducation about depression and its impact on children and the family
The children of depressed women are at an increased risk of developing depression, in addition to other psychological disorders. Studies show that this effect may occur cross culturally, and studies of African American mothers with depression show that their parenting is limited in structure and involvement. Depression may be transmitted from parent to child through exposure to the depressed parent's negative cognitions, behaviors, and affect and through stressors of daily life that accompany living with a depressed person. Previous studies of depression prevention programs for the children of depressed mothers have proved effective in changing negative behaviors and attitudes. This study will test a depression prevention program modified to treat the children of depressed, African American mothers.
Participation in this study will last 2 months. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either an eight-session family-based prevention program or a two-session education control program. Both programs will involve the 8- to 14-year-old child of a depressed African American mother and any other adult family members who want to be involved. Participants in the family-based prevention program and their families will meet weekly with a study therapist to learn about depression, its impact on the family, coping with life stresses, and thinking skills. Although the treatment always will have the same core elements, it will be tailored to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family. The education program will involve two meetings, one 4 weeks and one 6 weeks after enrollment, with a study researcher. Participants and their families in the education program will only receive information on depression and its impact on the family.
Participants will complete assessments at baseline, after 1 month of treatment, and post-treatment. These assessments will include interviews and questionnaires for both children and adults about family functioning, environment, and the child.
|Contact: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Thananya D. Wooden, BSemail@example.com|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia||Recruiting|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104|
|Contact: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD 215-590-3945 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Thananya D. Wooden, BS 267-426-0289 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD||Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|