A Study of Vismodegib (GDC-0449, Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor) With Concurrent Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab As First-Line Therapy for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00636610
First received: March 5, 2008
Last updated: June 1, 2012
Last verified: June 2012
  Purpose

This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of vismodegib (GDC-0449) added to biochemotherapy standard-of-care regimens for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), with treatment until disease progression. Patients received either FOLFOX (FOL=leucovorin calcium [folinic acid], F=fluorouracil, OX=oxaliplatin) or FOLFIRI (FOL=leucovorin calcium [folinic acid] F=fluorouracil, IRI=irinotecan hydrochloride) chemotherapy with bevacizumab. The decision of which regimen (FOLFOX or FOLFIRI) to use was made by the treating physician and patient. Patients were randomized to receive vismodegib or placebo and were stratified based on the chemotherapy regimen chosen and whether or not Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) measurable disease was present at baseline.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Drug: Vismodegib 150 mg
Drug: Placebo to vismodegib
Drug: Bevacizumab
Drug: Modified FOLFOX
Drug: FOLFIRI
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Phase II Study of Vismodegib (GDC-0449, Systemic Hedgehog Antagonist) With Concurrent Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab As First-Line Therapy for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Genentech, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From first treatment through the data cut-off date of March 15, 2010, up to 90 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as the time from randomization to the earlier of documented disease progression (PD) or death from any cause. PD: At least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since treatment started, unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions, or the appearance of one or more new lesions. For patients without measurable disease, PD was defined as an increase in the size of a lesion to one that is measurable or unequivocal progression of a non-target lesion.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) in Patients With Various Degrees of Hedgehog Antigen Tumor Expression [ Time Frame: From first treatment through the data cut-off date of March 15, 2010, up to 90 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Indian + Sonic Hedgehog antigen expression was measured by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) from archival tumor tissue taken from each patient prior to enrollment in the study. Results are reported in 3 categories; the 33% of patients with the lowest level of expression, the 35% of patients with a middle level of expression, and the 32% of patients with the highest level of expression. PFS was defined as the time between randomization and disease progression, as confirmed by radiography, or death for any reason.


Enrollment: 199
Study Start Date: May 2008
Study Completion Date: December 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Vismodegib 150 mg
Patients received vismodegib 150 mg orally once daily starting on Day 3 of each 2-week treatment cycle. In addition, patients received either Modified FOLFOX (FOL=leucovorin calcium [folinic acid], F=fluorouracil, OX=oxaliplatin) + bevacizumab or FOLFIRI (FOL=leucovorin calcium [folinic acid] F=fluorouracil, IRI=irinotecan hydrochloride) + bevacizumab on Days 1-3 of each 2-week treatment cycle. The decision of which regimen (FOLFOX or FOLFIRI) to use was made by the treating physician and patient.
Drug: Vismodegib 150 mg
Vismodegib 150 mg was provided in hard gelatin capsules in 3 different strengths, 25 mg, 125 mg, and 150 mg.
Other Names:
  • GDC-0449
  • Erivedge
Drug: Bevacizumab
Bevacizumab 5 mg/kg was administered intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes for the first infusion, shortening to 60 and 30 minutes for subsequent infusions.
Drug: Modified FOLFOX
Following administration of bevacizumab, patients received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2 IV administered over 90 minutes concurrently with folinic acid 400 mg/m^2 (d,I-racemic form, or 200 mg/m^2 I-isomer form) IV administered over 120 minutes, then fluorouracil 400 mg/m^2 administered as an IV bolus, then 2400 mg/m^2 administered as a continuous IV infusion over 46 hours.
Drug: FOLFIRI
Following administration of bevacizumab, patients received irinotecan 180 mg/m^2 IV administered over 90 minutes concurrently with folinic acid 400 mg/m^2 (d,I-racemic form, or 200 mg/m^2 I-isomer form) administered IV over 120 minutes, then fluorouracil 400 mg/m^2 administered as an IV bolus, then fluorouracil 2400 mg/m^2 administered as a continuous IV infusion over 46 hours.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo to vismodegib
Patients received placebo to vismodegib orally once daily starting on Day 3 of each 2-week treatment. In addition, patients received either Modified FOLFOX (FOL=leucovorin calcium [folinic acid], F=fluorouracil, OX=oxaliplatin) + bevacizumab or FOLFIRI (FOL=leucovorin calcium [folinic acid] F=fluorouracil, IRI=irinotecan hydrochloride) + bevacizumab on Days 1-3 of each 2-week treatment cycle. The decision of which regimen (FOLFOX or FOLFIRI) to use was made by the treating physician and patient.
Drug: Placebo to vismodegib
Placebo to vismodegib consisted of the excipients for vismodegib without the active molecule in hard gelatin capsules matching the active drug product in color and size.
Drug: Bevacizumab
Bevacizumab 5 mg/kg was administered intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes for the first infusion, shortening to 60 and 30 minutes for subsequent infusions.
Drug: Modified FOLFOX
Following administration of bevacizumab, patients received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2 IV administered over 90 minutes concurrently with folinic acid 400 mg/m^2 (d,I-racemic form, or 200 mg/m^2 I-isomer form) IV administered over 120 minutes, then fluorouracil 400 mg/m^2 administered as an IV bolus, then 2400 mg/m^2 administered as a continuous IV infusion over 46 hours.
Drug: FOLFIRI
Following administration of bevacizumab, patients received irinotecan 180 mg/m^2 IV administered over 90 minutes concurrently with folinic acid 400 mg/m^2 (d,I-racemic form, or 200 mg/m^2 I-isomer form) administered IV over 120 minutes, then fluorouracil 400 mg/m^2 administered as an IV bolus, then fluorouracil 2400 mg/m^2 administered as a continuous IV infusion over 46 hours.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Histologically confirmed metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC)
  • Representative tumor specimens in paraffin blocks (preferred) or at least 15 unstained slides, with an associated pathology report, must be confirmed to be available and requested at any time prior to entry of study
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1
  • Adequate hematopoetic capacity
  • Adequate hepatic function
  • Adequate renal function
  • Use of an effective method of barrier contraception (for women of childbearing potential)
  • Signed informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy for metastatic CRC or adjuvant chemotherapy for CRC within the prior 6 months
  • Clinically suspected or confirmed CNS metastases or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to the first day of treatment in this study (Day 1)
  • Pelvic radiation within 2 weeks prior to Day 1
  • Wound dehiscence requiring intervention, gastrointestinal perforation, or bowel obstruction
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Uncontrolled medical illnesses including the following: Infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics, congestive heart failure not controlled with medication, hypertension not controlled with medication
  • Thromboembolic disease
  • History of other disease, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates use of an investigational drug or that might affect interpretation of the results of the study or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00636610

Sponsors and Collaborators
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Jennifer Low, M.D., Ph.D. Genentech, Inc.
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00636610     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SHH4429g
Study First Received: March 5, 2008
Results First Received: February 14, 2012
Last Updated: June 1, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Genentech, Inc.:
Hedgehog
CRC
Colorectal Cancer
Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Colonic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Digestive System Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Intestinal Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Rectal Diseases
Bevacizumab
Fluorouracil
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Growth Inhibitors
Growth Substances
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014