Trial record 5 of 435 for:    hepatitis b | Open Studies

A Study to Characterise Immune Responses Following Immunisations With "Fendrix" or "Engerix B" Hepatitis B Vaccines

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2014 by University of Surrey
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Surrey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02032160
First received: June 18, 2013
Last updated: June 5, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to generate an exploratory training set of data and to identify predictive biomarkers (a measurable biological response that predicts something) of innate and adaptive responses to immunisation of two vaccines utilizing different adjuvant technology given according to approved schedules to healthy adult volunteers. The vaccines are model agents selected as they match antigens but have discordant adjuvants, have a known immunogenicity profile, assays are freely available to measure responses, and they are safe to administer to healthy adults at the doses and schedules proposed. This study will strive to correlate biomarker activity with observed immunological responses to vaccination and if successful, these biomarkers could be used in early stage clinical trials to optimize selection of vaccine candidates with a profile that will be most likely to be effective once they are in generalized use.


Condition Intervention
Hepatitis B
Biological: Engerix B IM injection - 20ug
Biological: Fendrix IM injection - 20ug

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Study to Generate Exploratory Training Data Characterising Innate/ Adaptive Immune Responses Following 1st & 3rd Intra-muscular Immunisations With Fendrix/Engerix B Vaccines in Healthy Adult Males With no Pre-existing Immunity to Hep B

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Surrey:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in global gene expression measured on whole blood samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in serum anti-hepatitis B IgG (immunoglobulin G) titre in serum samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in metabolic gene expression and pathway activation measured on whole blood samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in concentration of selected cytokines and acute phase proteins in serum samples. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from pre-immunisation baseline values in PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cell) cytokine secretion, proliferation or surface markers in response to in vitro antigen stimulation. [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Fold increase in serum hepatitis B IgG titre [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Correlations in changes in innate immune activation with adaptive immune responses [ Time Frame: visit 2 - 14 (Day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, 57, 59, 63, 70, 84 and 168). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: May 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Engerix B
Engerix B IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months
Biological: Engerix B IM injection - 20ug
Engerix B IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months
Experimental: Fendrix
Fendrix IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months
Biological: Fendrix IM injection - 20ug
Fendrix IM injection - 20ug At 0, 1 and 6 months

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to generate an exploratory training set of data and to identify predictive biomarkers (a measurable biological response that predicts something) of innate and adaptive responses to immunisation of two vaccines utilizing different adjuvant technology given according to approved schedules to healthy adult volunteers. The vaccines are model agents selected as they match antigens but have discordant adjuvants, have a known immunogenicity profile, assays are freely available to measure responses, and they are safe to administer to healthy adults at the doses and schedules proposed. This study will strive to correlate biomarker activity with observed immunological responses to vaccination and if successful, these biomarkers could be used in early stage clinical trials to optimize selection of vaccine candidates with a profile that will be most likely to be effective once they are in generalized use.

In this study, 15 subjects per vaccine will be recruited to receive immunization with one of two hepatitis B vaccines, Engerix B or Fendrix, representing exactly matched antigens (hepatitis B surface antigen) but discordant adjuvant technologies. Following a screening visit, subjects will be randomly allocated to receive three doses of a vaccine at 0, 1 and 2 months. Innate immune responses (cytokine levels and whole blood gene expression) after doses #1 and #3 and adaptive immune responses (serum antibody and antigen specific cellular responses) will be measured at various timepoints after immunisation on an outpatient basis.

The study is funded by ADITEC, which is a collaborative research programme that aims to accelerate the development of novel and powerful immunisation technologies for the next generation of human vaccines.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Healthy male subjects aged 18-55 years inclusive
  2. The subject is, in the opinion of the investigator, healthy on the basis of a physical examination, medical history, blood results, vital signs, with no active disease process that could interfere with the study endpoints.
  3. The subject is able to read and understand the Informed Consent Form (ICF), and understand study procedures.
  4. The subject has signed the ICF.
  5. The subject has not previously received a vaccine for Hepatitis B or contracted Hepatitis B infection.
  6. The subject is seronegative to Hepatitis B as confirmed at screening by assessments of sAb, sAg, and cAb.
  7. Seronegative for HIV 1 & 2 antibodies and hepatitis C antibodies at screening.
  8. Available for follow-up for the duration of the study.
  9. Agree to abstain from donating blood during and for three months after the end of their participation in the study, or longer if necessary.
  10. Visa long enough allowing them to complete the study (if applicable).
  11. The subject has venous access sufficient to allow blood sampling as per the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known hypersensitivity to any component of the vaccines (excipients: sodium chloride, disodium phosphate dehydrate, sodium dihydrogen phosphate; adjuvants: aluminium phosphate, AS04C, aluminium hydroxide; Hepatitis B antigen produced in yeast cells) or subjects who have exhibited hypersensitivity to any other Hepatitis B vaccine, or a history of any allergy that in the opinion of the investigator would contraindicate subject participation.
  2. Presence of primary or acquired immunodeficiency states with a total lymphocyte count less than 1,200 per mm3 or presenting other evidence of lack of cellular immune competence e.g. leukaemias, lymphomas, blood dyscrasias, or patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy (including regular use of oral, inhaled, topical or parenteral corticosteroids).
  3. Use of any immune suppressing or immunomodulating drugs within 6 months of Visit 1 (screening).
  4. Regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (by any route of administration including topical) within 6 months of Visit 1 (screening) considered by the study physician as likely to interfere with immune responses.
  5. Receipt of a vaccine within 30 days of visit 2. Other vaccines (e.g. for travel) may be administered between visit 13 and 14 only.
  6. Currently participating in another clinical study with an investigational or non-investigational drug or device, or has participated in a clinical study within the 3 months preceding Visit 1.
  7. Any condition that, in the investigator's opinion, compromises the subject's ability to meet protocol requirements or to complete the study.
  8. Receipt of blood products or immunoglobin, or blood donation, within 3 months of screening.
  9. Unable to read and speak English to a fluency level adequate for the full comprehension of procedures required in participation and consent.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02032160

Contacts
Contact: Jo J Leahy 01483 689788 J.Leahy@surrey.ac.uk
Contact: Paulatsya PN Joshi 01483 68 9795 p.joshi@surrey.ac.uk

Locations
United Kingdom
Surrey Clinical Research Centre Recruiting
Guildford, Surrey, United Kingdom, Gu2 7XP
Principal Investigator: David JM Lewis, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Surrey
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David JM Lewis, MD University of Surrey
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Surrey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02032160     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CRC306B
Study First Received: June 18, 2013
Last Updated: June 5, 2014
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Research Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by University of Surrey:
ADITEC
Immunology
Vaccines
Hepatitis B
Investigational study
innate and adaptive immune responses
Hepatitis B vaccinations

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Digestive System Diseases
DNA Virus Infections
Enterovirus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
Liver Diseases
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014