Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation After Withdrawal of Preemptive Antiviral Therapy in Hematologic Malignancy
Previous studies dealt with patients who maintained antiviral drugs for 2 ~ 6 months after final chemotherapy and they revealed that many of the patients who stopped preemptive antiviral drug within 6 months experienced viral reactivation. Based on the study results, guidelines recommend that preemptive antiviral therapy should be maintained for at least 6 months. Nevertheless, many clinicians apply the preemptive antiviral drugs for 1~2 years or longer after final chemotherapy without definite evidences, and this practice increases the medical expenditure a lot. Therefore, the investigators are going to find out the proper and safe duration of preemptive antiviral therapy which can be a good reference in the future practice.
Chronic Hepatitis B
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Comparison of the Occurrence of HBV Reactivation According to the Duration of Preemptive Antiviral Therapy in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Carriers Receiving Cancer Chemotherapy for Hematologic Diseases|
- Cumulative incidence rate of hepatitis B viral reactivation [ Time Frame: within one year after cessation of the antiviral drug ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Severity of reactivation of hepatitis B [ Time Frame: within one year after cessation of anviral drugs ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Severity according to ALT (IU/L) level Mild : up to 5 times from upper normal limit Moderate : 5- 10 times from upper normal limit Severe : ALT > 300 IU/L or ≥ 10 times
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
|Study Start Date:||March 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
HBV reactivation in cancer patients is important not only for directly affecting severe hepatic failure but also for delaying of the further cancer treatments which may cause reduction of overall survival. Thus the guidelines according to the previous studies and other follow-up of randomized studies revealed that patients with positive HbsAg should be administered with preemptive antiviral therapy at least 6 month or more.
However, ideal duration for preemptive antiviral therapy to suppress viral reactivation and withdrawal hepatitis is not clearly identified at present time. It is because previous data just dealt with the efficiency of preemptive antiviral therapy, but most of them did not analyze the outcomes after withdrawal of antiviral therapy. Frequent late-onset reactivation hepatitis in association with preemptive antiviral therapy is mainly due to drug-resistance or post-withdrawal manifestation. Drug-resistance was mainly associated with lamivudine which is now substituted by entecavir or tenofovir which produce lower incidence of resistance (< 1.2% at 6 years). Therefore, the only issue at present is withdrawal hepatitis which may be due to early cessation of the antiviral drug.
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