Celiac Disease Genomic Environmental Microbiome and Metabolomic Study (CDGEMM)
Celiac disease (CD) is a complex disease caused by eating gluten, a protein contained in wheat, rye, and barley. It is well known that many factors contribute to the development of CD, including the genes that you have and the foods that you eat. In the CDGEMM study, we will consider as many of these factors as possible and study how they each contribute to disease development. If the investigators find that any one factor, or combination of factors, increases the risk of developing CD, we will be able to apply this information and help prevent or detect disease in high-risk children in the future.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Celiac Disease Genomic Environmental Microbiome and Metabolomic (CDGEMM) Study|
- Change in composition of the microbiota of CD in at-risk infants using culture-independent high-throughput sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA genes using the Illumina sequencing platform. [ Time Frame: Every six months through five years of age with specific focus on time of gluten introduction, time at which gluten tolerance is lost and autoimmunity develops (if applicable), and parallel time points in infants who do not go on to develop autoimmunity ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We will use stool samples collected over time to survey the microbial community in order to establish microbiota patterns associated with CD autoimmunity.
- Change in gut permeability measured by serum zonulin levels and loss of gluten tolerance measured by increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and appearance of anti-tTg antibodies. [ Time Frame: Every six months until age 3. Every year thereafter until age 5. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]We anticipate that timing of gluten introduction in the infant's diet will influence shift in enterotype and metatranscriptome profile with subsequent increase in gut permeability and loss of gluten tolerance.
- Comparison of the characterization of infants' metabotypes (metabolomes) using an established and proven commercial metabolomics technology platform by Metabolon, Inc. [ Time Frame: Every six months through five years of age with specific focus on time of gluten introduction, time at which gluten tolerance is lost and autoimmunity develops (if applicable), and parallel time points in infants who do not go on to develop autoimmunity ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Our preliminary data suggest that individual metabolomic phenotypes (which are a result of gene-diet-gut microbiome interactions) can help define specific enterotypes associated to loss of gluten tolerance in infants genetically at risk of CD.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Infant stool and whole blood samples. Maternal stool and breast milk samples.
|Study Start Date:||March 2014|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2024|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2024 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Infants with a first-degree relative with celiac disease
Infants who have not been introduced to solid food and have a relative with biopsy proven celiac disease.
The CDGEMM study will address genomic, environmental, microbiome, and metabolomic factors that could affect the development of CD.
Genomic: The investigators will study children who have a first degree relative with celiac disease so that we can understand how their genes may contribute to whether they develop CD or not. Scientists and doctors are already aware of one group of genes, called the HLA DQ2 and DQ8 genes, which are involved in the development of CD. These genes are necessary for development of CD, but cannot alone predict who will develop the disease. The investigators hope that the CDGEMM study will help to not only learn more about these specific genes, but also identify other genes that could make it easier to predict who will develop CD.
Environmental: When infants enroll, the investigators will record information about their environment including whether they were born vaginally or by Cesarean section and whether they were given antibiotics. Over time, the investigators will also consider other parts of the infant's medical history including feeding modality (breastfeeding versus formula feeding), illnesses, infections, and growth to understand if any of this information is related to CD development. Since the investigators will follow infants until they reach 5 years of age, the investigators will update this information every six months to understand how changes might affect if the child develops CD or not.
Microbiome: Our gut, compromised of the small and large intestine, contains many types of bacteria. These bacteria that live in the gut normally help to break down and digest food, provide our bodies with energy, and make vitamins that our bodies need. This diverse community of bacteria is called the gut microbiome. A main goal of the CDGEMM study is to understand how the microbiome is affected by other factors, like foods or antibiotic drugs, and how this may affect the development of CD. It is possible that learning about the types of bacteria living in the gut before and after disease development may help us predict who will develop CD before it happens.
Metabolomic: The processes that occur in our gut, such as the digestion of foods and production of vitamins, create products that are called metabolites. The specific metabolites that we produce differ from person to person and depend on many factors, including the genes that we have, the members of the gut microbiome, and the foods that we eat. We will study the infant's unique metabolomic profile (metabolites that the infant produces) to understand if there is a specific profile associated with CD.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital for Children||Recruiting|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Contact: Stephanie Camhi 617-643-9942 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Alessio Fasano, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Maureen M. Leonard, MD|
|Università Politecnica delle Marche||Not yet recruiting|
|Ancona, Italy, 60123|
|Contact: Carlo Catassi, MD MPH 0033-071-596-2364 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Carlo Catassi, MD MPH|
|University of Roma La Sapienza||Not yet recruiting|
|Rome, Italy, 00185|
|Contact: Francesco Valitutti firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Salvatore Cucchiara, MD PhD|
|Principal Investigator:||Alessio Fasano, MD||Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Study Chair:||Maureen M. Leonard, MD||Massachusetts General Hospital|