Enhanced Collaborative Depression Treatment in Primary Care: The RESPECT-D-E Trial

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Johnson & Johnson
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mark T. Hegel, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583400
First received: April 12, 2012
Last updated: September 17, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

Primary care physicians have emerged as the predominant mental health care providers for diagnosing and treating depression. The majority of patients with mood disorders receive treatment in the primary care setting, within which approximately 10-30% of all patients present with a depressive disorder. Comprehensive 'Collaborative Care' models of depression management significantly improve depression outcomes and health-related quality of life. Core features of these programs include use of a trained depression care manager to closely coordinate with primary care clinicians, support treatment recommendations, provide patient education, conduct patient follow-up to ensure adequate treatment, and manage as-needed access to psychiatrists for patients with more complex presentations. Evidence based Collaborative Care models do not currently weave in the use of web-based or mobile technologies. These technologies offer unique features that may make collaborative depression care more effective. The digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms enhanced during Phase I of the current project is a web-based tool featuring video, text, links and graphics which provide patients with education, self-management techniques, tailored feedback, and tools for tracking treatment progress. The RESPECT-D (Re-engineering Systems of Primary Care Treatment of Depression) intervention is a collaborative depression management model for primary care. The primary objective of this project is to compare the efficacy of an enhanced Collaborative Care model for depression (RESPECT-D-E) to the standard model (RESPECT-D) for patients with minor and major depression and dysthymic disorder. This study will be a randomized controlled trial with 150 participants who are receiving antidepressant medication treatment in the primary care setting. The primary objectives are: reduction in subject reported depressive symptoms, improvement in subject reported health related quality of life and improvement in subject adherence to treatment regimen as demonstrated by self-report measures and clinician-administered assessment. The investigators hypothesize that compared to RESPECT-D at 12 weeks, participants randomized to RESPECT-D-E will demonstrate: a greater reduction in depressive symptoms, a greater improvement in health-related quality of life and a greater satisfaction with quality of depression care received.


Condition Intervention
Depressive Disorder, Major
Depressive Disorder, Minor
Dysthymic Disorder
Other: RESPECT-D
Other: RESPECT-D-E (Enhanced)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Development and Evaluation of Enhanced Digital Health Coaching Program for Depressive Symptoms to Support Collaborative Depression Treatment in Primary Care: The RESPECT-D-E (Enhanced) Trial

Further study details as provided by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Score of Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    17-item assessment rated during a clinical interview


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Score of Hopkins Symptom Checklist-20 (HSCL-20) [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Self-report measure of depressive symptom severity


Enrollment: 131
Study Start Date: September 2011
Study Completion Date: October 2013
Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: RESPECT-D
The RESPECT-D Model: Collaborative Care depression treatment within primary care including care manager
Other: RESPECT-D
The RESPECT-D (Re-engineering Systems of Primary Care Treatment of Depression) intervention is a systematic approach to the assessment and management of depression within Primary Care. The essential components of the Collaborative Care model include prepared PCPs and practices, the Care Manager, and a Behavioral Health specialist all working in partnership with the patient. The trained depression care manager closely coordinates with primary care clinicians, supports treatment recommendations, patient education, appropriate follow-up to ensure adequate treatment, and coordination with a consulting psychiatrist.
Other Name: Collaborative Care Treatment for Depression in Primary Care
Experimental: RESPECT-D-E
RESPECT-D-E: Collaborative Care depression treatment within primary care including care manager plus on-line coaching, education and symptom, side effect and, medication adherence tracking with the digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms.
Other: RESPECT-D-E (Enhanced)
The RESPECT-D-E intervention includes all of the components of the RESPECT-D model, but also incorporates the enhanced digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms tool, is an on-line program with education, coaching, self-management techniques, symptom, side effect and medication adherence tracking for depression. Depressive symptoms, medication side effects and adherence data are automatically delivered to the Care Manager for use in treatment planning. The program provides tailored feedback, provides coaching on skills related to depression treatment (such as changing negative thoughts and avoiding relapse), and offers tools for tracking behavior change.
Other Names:
  • Enhanced Collaborative Care Treatment for Depression in Primary Care
  • Digital Health Coaching Program for Depressive Symptoms

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

The National Comorbidity Survey suggests a lifetime prevalence of 17% and 1-year prevalence of 10% for major depression. Within primary care, approximately 10-30% of patients present with a depressive disorder. Over the past decade, primary care physicians have emerged as the predominant mental health care providers insofar as diagnosing and treating depression, with the majority of patients with mood disorders receiving treatment in a primary care setting.

Comprehensive 'Collaborative Care' models of depression management in primary care significantly improve depression outcomes and health-related quality of life. Core features of these programs include use of a trained depression care manager to closely coordinate with primary care clinicians, provision of specific treatment recommendations/guidelines, patient education, appropriate follow-up by the depression care manager to ensure adequate treatment, as-needed access to psychiatrists for patients with more complex presentations, and, occasionally, on-site psychotherapy. For example, the IMPACT study of primary care patients with late-life depression found that a Collaborative Care program doubled the effectiveness of depression treatment and improved functional outcomes at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year compared to usual care. The RESPECT-D phone-based Collaborative Care program similarly had increases at 3 and 6 months in depression response, remission, and satisfaction with care, compared to usual care.

Nonetheless, evidence based Collaborative Care leaves room for improvement. In both IMPACT and RESPECT-D, 40% to 50% of intervention participants failed to achieve a clinically meaningful depression treatment effect. Evidence based Collaborative Care models do not currently weave in the use of web-based or mobile technologies. These technologies offer unique features that may make collaborative depression care more effective. The enhanced digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms is a web-based tool featuring video, text and graphics which provides patients with education, self-management techniques, tailored feedback, and tools for tracking treatment progress. Incorporating a digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms into the flow of collaborative depression care and testing its impact is an important next step for the field.

The RESPECT-D (Re-engineering Systems of Primary Care Treatment of Depression) intervention is a systematic approach to the assessment and management of depression by the primary care provider, with a centrally based care manager providing telephone support for patients. The essential components of this Collaborative Care model include prepared PCPs and practices, the Care Manager, and a Behavioral Health specialist all working in partnership with the patient.

RESPECT-D-E (Enhanced) intervention is Collaborative Care depression treatment in primary care including care manager (the elements of RESPECT-D) plus patient access to on-line coaching, education, and symptom, side effect and medication adherence tracking which is automatically fed back to the Care Manager.

The primary objective of this project is to compare the efficacy of an enhanced Collaborative Care model for depression (RESPECT-D-E) to the standard model (RESPECT-D) in primary care patients with minor and major depression and dysthymic disorder .

The RESEPCT-D-E trial is a randomized, 12-week prospective 2-arm, comparative clinical effectiveness study. Primary care patients (N=150) with major or minor depressive disorder, or dysthymia and currently taking antidepressant medication will be randomly assigned to either Collaborative Care treatment for depression (RESPECT-D) or RESPECT-D plus a digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms intervention (RESPECT-D-E). Patients will be assessed at baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks using self-report and clinician -administered rating scales including the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Intervention participants will receive access to the online depression coach as well as the elements of standard Collaborative Care (RESPECT-D). The primary objectives are: reduction in depressive symptoms, improvement in health related quality of life and improvement in adherence to treatment regimen.

The secondary objectives of the RESPECT-D-E trial are to: Evaluate the program impact on overall health, work productivity, and medical costs; Assess the usability of the enhanced digital health coaching program for depressive symptoms tool; Assess the program's impact on overall satisfaction with care.

Hypotheses: Compared to RESPECT-D at 12 weeks, participants randomized to RESPECT-D-E will demonstrate: H1.1a: a greater reduction in depressive symptoms, as measured by the clinician administered Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D); H1.1b: a greater reduction in depressive symptoms, as measured by the self-report Hopkins Symptom Checklist Depression Scale (HSCL-20); H1.1c: a greater improvement in health related quality of life, as measured by the Mental Component Summary score from the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36); H1.1d: a greater satisfaction with quality of depression care received.

Hypothesis 1.2: Compared to RESPECT-D at 4, 8, and 12 weeks, participants randomized to RESPECT-D-E will demonstrate: H1.2a: more frequent contact with the depression care manager and primary care provider, as measured by depression care manager treatment logs and medical record review; H1.2b: greater adherence to their antidepressant regimen, as measured by participant self-report; H1.2c: greater exposure to depression counseling, as measured by participant self-report.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and Females, ages 18 and older who are self-reporting generally good health.
  • Newly started on an antidepressant medication, switched to a different antidepressant medication or prescribed an increased dosage of antidepressant medication within the past 2 weeks.
  • A Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) score of greater than 10.
  • A Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) score of 10 or greater, with endorsement of depressed mood or anhedonia, and endorsement of impaired daily function.
  • Meets diagnostic criteria for Major Depressive Disorder, persistent Minor Depressive Disorder (i.e., > 1 month duration), or Dysthymic Disorder via a structured interview with the PRIME-MD.
  • Able to read, understand, and sign the Informed Consent in English.
  • Willing and able to comply with study requirements.
  • Well-versed in using a personal computer and the internet and must have easy access to a computer connected to the internet everyday (both weekdays and weekends).
  • Enrollment in Surescripts Pharmacy benefit plan
  • Currently under care with a Provider in Family Medicine at Cheshire Medical Center / Dartmouth-Hitchcock Keene

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must not have a major psychiatric co-morbid condition (schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, PTSD, or a depressive disorder with psychotic features, as determined from chart review and patient report).
  • Subjects must not have a substance use disorder or dependence as assessed by: CAGE Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire score >3
  • Subjects must not have a history of treatment -resistant depression as defined by the following: Psychiatric hospitalization within the past year; More than 2 clinically ineffective antidepressant medication trials, of adequate duration and adequate dose, within the current depressive episode; Any history of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT); A trial of Monoamine Oxidase inhibitor (MAO) within the past year.
  • Subjects must not report being actively suicidal
  • Subjects must score 4 or greater on the Callahan Six-Item Cognitive Screening assessment
  • Subjects must not be diagnosed with a terminal or near terminal medical illness such that their primary care provider has estimated the patient has less than 6 months to live.
  • Subjects reporting any medical condition that would make it unsafe to participate in a research study.
  • Participation in any other clinical research study within the past 30 days.
  • Participation in any on-line depression-related coaching or lifestyle improvement program within the past 5 years.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01583400

Locations
United States, New Hampshire
Family Medicine Clinics, Cheshire Medical Center (DH-Keene)
Keene, New Hampshire, United States, 03431
Sponsors and Collaborators
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Johnson & Johnson
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Mark T. Hegel, PhD Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: Mark T. Hegel, Associate Professor, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01583400     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CPHS#22616, W&P-PCMH-01
Study First Received: April 12, 2012
Last Updated: September 17, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center:
Depressive Disorder, Major
Depressive Disorder, Minor
Dysthymic Disorder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Disease
Dysthymic Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mental Disorders
Mood Disorders
Pathologic Processes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014