Sublingual Anvirzel in Advance Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified June 2014 by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Nerium Biotechnology
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01562301
First received: March 21, 2012
Last updated: June 18, 2014
Last verified: June 2014
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of Anvirzel (nerium oleander) that can be given to lung cancer patients receiving standard therapy with carboplatin and docetaxel. Researchers also want to learn what effect nerium oleander may have in combination with carboplatin and docetaxel.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chemotherapeutic Agent Toxicity
Lung Cancer
Drug: Carboplatin
Drug: Docetaxel
Drug: Anvirzel
Behavioral: Questionnaires
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Combination of Carboplatin, Docetaxel, and Increasing Doses of Sublingual Anvirzel (Nerium Oleander) in Advance Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of sublingual (SL) dosing of Anvirzel in combination with chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 21 Day Cycle ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Pharmacokinetics of carboplatin and docetaxel when administered concurrently with SL Anvirzel [ Time Frame: 24 hours ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Pharmacokinetic studies evaluate plasma concentrations over a 24 hour period prior to administration of chemotherapy, using high performance liquid chromatographic and electron ion-spray mass spectrometry


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Anti-inflammatory effects of SL Anvirzel during carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to four 21 day cycles (84 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunomodulatory effects of SL Anvirzel during carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy [ Time Frame: Up to four 21 day cycles (84 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Symptoms and quality-of-life outcomes based on MDASI-LC and SF-12 scores [ Time Frame: Up to four 21 day cycles (84 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Grade 3-4 toxicities at each course according to NCI Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Effects (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to four 21 day cycles (84 days) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: June 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Anvirzel + Carboplatin + Docetaxel
Anvirzel administered sublingually. A total of five dose cohorts evaluated (6, 12, 24, 36, 48 mg/m2/day; SL divided into 3 doses given every 8 hrs) with 3 patients per cohort. Patients receive the assigned dose (2, 4, 8, 12, or 16 mg/m2) of Anvirzel three times a day throughout each cycle for a total of 4 cycles of chemotherapy. Cycles occur every 21 days. Patients start with an AUC of 6 for Carboplatin and 75mg/m2 for docetaxel, and on subsequent cycles, modifications at the discretion of the treating team. Questionnaire completion regarding physical and mental at baseline, 7 days before chemotherapy, day 1 of chemotherapy, day 1 of cycles 2, 3, and 4, and at end of dosing visit.
Drug: Carboplatin
AUC 6 by vein 7 days after Anvirzel administration in a 21 dayc cycle.
Other Name: Paraplatin
Drug: Docetaxel
75 mg/m2 by vein 7 days after Anvirzel administration in a 21 day cycle.
Other Name: Taxotere
Drug: Anvirzel

Starting Cohort Dose: 6 mg/m2 given 3 times a day administered sublingually for a 21 day cycle.

Expansion Cohort Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose from

Other Name: Nerium oleander
Behavioral: Questionnaires
Questionnaire completion regarding physical and mental at baseline, 7 days before chemotherapy, day 1 of chemotherapy, day 1 of cycles 2, 3, and 4, and at end of dosing visit.
Other Name: Surveys

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Study Drug Administration:

If you are eligible and agree to take part in the study, you will be assigned to a dose level of nerium oleander based on when you join this study. Up to 5 dose levels of nerium oleander will be tested. At least 3 participants will be enrolled at each dose level. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose level. Each new group will receive a higher dose than the group before it, if no intolerable side effects were seen. This will continue until the highest tolerable dose of nerium oleander is found.

You will take nerium oleander by mouth by placing it under your tongue. You should hold the nerium oleander under your tongue for 3 minutes before swallowing. It is very important for you to hold the nerium oleander under your tongue for 3 full minutes. Holding it under your tongue for 3 minutes before swallowing helps your body to take in the highest amount of the drug that you can receive. If you hold the nerium oleander under your tongue for less than 3 minutes, your body will not receive as much of the study drug and may not possibly benefit as much. You will take nerium oleander 3 times a day while participating in this study. Nerium oleander should be taken on an empty stomach or at least 15 minutes before any large meal, to help your body take in as much of the drug as possible.

Study Visits:

Each of your chemotherapy cycles are 21 days.

Each week while on study, you will complete the questionnaire about any symptoms you may be having. It should take about 5 minutes to complete it each time.

Cycle 1:

On Day -7 (7 days before you start chemotherapy):

  • You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health. It should take about 5 minutes to complete it.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 5 times over 8 hours for pharmacokinetic (PK) testing. PK testing measures the amount of study drug in the body at different time points.
  • Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing inflammation.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your immune system.

On Day -6, blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 2 times for PK testing.

On Day 1 (the day you start chemotherapy):

  • You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.
  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health.
  • Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 5 times over 8 hours for PK testing.
  • Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing inflammation.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your immune system.
  • You will have an EKG.

On Day 2:

-Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn for PK testing.

On Day 8 and Day 21 (+/- 2 days):

  • Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing inflammation.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your immune system.

On Day 1 of Cycles 2-3:

  • You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.
  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.
  • Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • You will have an EKG.
  • You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health.
  • On Day 1 of Cycle 3 only, you will have a CT scan to check the status of the disease.

On Day 1 of Cycle 4:

  • You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.
  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.
  • You will complete the questionnaire about your physical and mental health.
  • Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • Your performance status will be recorded.
  • You will have an EKG.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) will be drawn 5 times over 8 hours for PK testing.
  • Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing inflammation.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your immune system.

On Day 2 of Cycle 4:

-Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn for PK testing.

On Day 8 and Day 21 of Cycle 4 (+/- 2 days):

  • Blood (about 6 teaspoons) will be drawn to learn if the study drug is reducing inflammation.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn to test the effect of the study drug on your immune system.

Length of Study:

You may continue taking the study drug for as long as the doctor thinks it is in your best interest or up to 4 cycles. You will no longer be able to take the study drug if the disease gets worse, if intolerable side effects occur, or if you are unable to follow study directions.

Your participation on the study will be over after the follow-up visit.

End-of-Dosing Visit:

After your last dose of study drug, you will return to the clinic. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.
  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.
  • Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • You will have an EKG.
  • You will have a CT scan to check the status of the disease.
  • You will complete both questionnaires.

Follow-Up Visit:

About 30 days after your last dose of study drug, the following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • You will be asked about any symptoms you may be having or drugs you may be taking.
  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of weight and vital signs.
  • Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.
  • You will have an EKG.
  • You will complete both questionnaires.

This is an investigational study. Nerium oleander is not FDA approved or commercially available. Its use in this study is considered investigational.

Up to 36 participants will be enrolled in this study. All will take part at MD Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosed advanced non-small cell lung cancer (Stage IIIB and IV) and be scheduled to receive four cycles of carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy.
  2. Newly diagnosed or previously treated patient with NSCLC. Previously treated patients are allowed to have any previous chemotherapy for the treatment of NSCLC.
  3. Age >18 years
  4. ECOG performance status < or =2 (Karnofsky > or = 60%)
  5. Life expectancy of greater than 6 months
  6. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below: - leukocytes > or = 3,000/mcL - absolute neutrophil count > or = 1,500/mcL - platelets > or = 100,000/mcL - total bilirubin within normal institutional limits - AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) < or = 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal - creatinine within normal institutional limits OR - creatinine clearance > or = 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  7. Negative serum or urine pregnancy test in women of child-bearing potential
  8. Scheduled to begin carboplatin and docetaxel chemotherapy in the next 30 days
  9. The effects of Anvirzel on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  10. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients receiving any other investigational agents
  2. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to cardiac glycosides
  3. Patients receiving any medications or substances that are inhibitors or inducers of CYP 3A4 are ineligible
  4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  5. Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  6. HIV-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with Anvirzel. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy.
  7. Uncontrolled or significant cardiovascular disease, including: • Myocardial infarction within 6 months • Uncontrolled angina within 6 months • Newly diagnosed congestive heart failure within 6 months, defined as NYHC-II or currently uncontrolled congestive heart failure • Diagnosed or suspected congenital long QT syndrome • Any history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome, or torsade de pointes). Prolonged QTc interval on pre-entry electrocardiogram (> 450 msec). If the automated reading is prolonged (i.e., > 450 msec), the EKG should be manually over-read • Any history of second or third degree heart block • Heart rate < 50 beats/minute or sustained heart rate > 110 on pre-entry electrocardiogram • Newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation within 6 months or currently uncontrolled atrial fibrillation • Uncontrolled hypertension defined as sustained blood pressure of >/= 140/90mm Hg
  8. Current use of a pacemaker
  9. Patients using or scheduled to use bevacizumab during study period
  10. Current use of cardiac glycoside
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01562301

Contacts
Contact: Richard T. Lee, MD, FACP 713-745-2889

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Nerium Biotechnology
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard T. Lee, MD, FACP M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01562301     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0147, MDA-2011-0147, CDR0000728644, NCI-2012-00709
Study First Received: March 21, 2012
Last Updated: June 18, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Anvirzel
chemotherapeutic agent toxicity
recurrent non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
stage IV non-small cell lung cancer
carboplatin
Paraplatin
docetaxel
Taxotere
nerium oleander
Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
NSCLC

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Docetaxel
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 16, 2014