Ginseng on Cancer-Related Fatigue

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Indena
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01375114
First received: June 15, 2011
Last updated: August 20, 2014
Last verified: August 2014
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if panax ginseng (commonly called ginseng) can help to control fatigue and other symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and mood changes in patients with cancer. The safety of ginseng will also be studied.


Condition Intervention Phase
Advanced Cancers
Solid Tumors
Drug: Panax Ginseng
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Behavioral: Questionnaires
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Effects of Ginseng on Cancer-Related Fatigue

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of Panax Ginseng in Reducing Cancer Related Fatigue [ Time Frame: Baseline and after 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Fatigue assessment measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy- Fatigue (FACIT-F) subscale where rate fatigue on a numerical scale during the previous 24 hours as >/= 4 on a 0 to 10 scale (0 = no fatigue and 10 = worst possible fatigue).


Estimated Enrollment: 158
Study Start Date: October 2011
Estimated Primary Completion Date: March 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Panax Ginseng
Panax ginseng 400 mg by mouth twice a day from Day 1-29 for first 30 participants in Part 1. Completion of questionnaires taking about 30 minutes on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days), regarding symptoms such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and overall sense of well-being.
Drug: Panax Ginseng
400 mg by mouth twice daily from Day 1-29.
Behavioral: Questionnaires
Completion of questionnaires taking about 30 minutes on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days), regarding symptoms such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and overall sense of well-being.
Other Name: Surveys
Experimental: Ginseng (Part 2)
Panax ginseng 400 mg by mouth twice a day from Day 1-29. Completion of questionnaires taking about 30 minutes on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days), regarding symptoms such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and overall sense of well-being.
Drug: Panax Ginseng
400 mg by mouth twice daily from Day 1-29.
Behavioral: Questionnaires
Completion of questionnaires taking about 30 minutes on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days), regarding symptoms such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and overall sense of well-being.
Other Name: Surveys
Placebo Comparator: Placebo (Part 2)
Oral placebo twice daily for 4 weeks. Completion of questionnaires taking about 30 minutes on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days), regarding symptoms such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and overall sense of well-being.
Dietary Supplement: Placebo
Placebo by mouth twice daily for 4 weeks.
Other Name: Sugar Pill
Behavioral: Questionnaires
Completion of questionnaires taking about 30 minutes on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days), regarding symptoms such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and overall sense of well-being.
Other Name: Surveys

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

The Study Supplement:

Ginseng is an herbal supplement that may affect people's energy level, especially during times of fatigue or stress. Many people have used ginseng, but its level of effectiveness and safety has not been clearly studied. In this study, researchers will use questionnaires and other tests to study how ginseng may affect cancer-related fatigue.

Study Groups and Study Drug Administration:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be assigned to a dose of the study drug(s), depending on when you join the study. The first 30 participants will take part in Part 1 of the study. Participants in Part 1 will take ginseng by mouth, in capsule form, every day for 29 days. You will take it 2 times a day (morning and afternoon), and will swallow a total of 2 capsules each day.

If you enroll on this study after the first 30 participants, you will take part in Part 2 of the study. Participants in Part 2 will be randomly assigned (as in the flip of a coin) to 1 of 2 groups:

  • Group 1 will take a placebo for 29 days. A placebo is not a drug. It looks like the study drug but is not designed to treat any disease or illness. It is designed to be compared with a study drug to learn if the study drug has any real effect. If you are assigned to this group, you may be able to take ginseng later, in the second part of the study (described below).
  • Group 2 will take ginseng for 29 days, as the Part 1 group did.

You will have an equal chance of being assigned to either group. Neither you nor the study staff will know which group you are in. However, if needed for your safety, the study staff will be able to find out what you are receiving.

Both groups in Part 2 will take ginseng or placebo by mouth, every day for 29 days. You will take it 2 times a day (morning and afternoon), 2 capsules each day.

After your Day 29 ginseng or placebo dose, if you tolerated the doses well, the study doctor may decide you can take ginseng from Days 29-57, following the same dosing schedule you had before.

Study Visits:

On Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), Day 36 (+/- 3 days) and Day 57 (± 3 days), you will fill out questionnaires about the symptoms you may be having, such as fatigue, mood, depression, anxiety, nausea, appetite problems, sleep problems, and your overall sense of well-being. This should take about 30 minutes. You will also be asked about any side effects you may be having. You will also perform a medication review. If you cannot come to the clinic on these days, the research nurse will call and ask you the questions over the phone. The strength and stamina of your arm muscle will be measured only if you come to the clinic. It will not be measured if you are contacted over the phone. Blood (about 1 tablespoon) will be drawn for routine tests on Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days) and Day 57 (± 3 days).

The 6-minute walk test will be performed on baseline, Day 15 (± 3 days), Day 29 (± 3 days), and Day 57 (± 3 days).

On Day 8 (± 3 days), Day 21 ( +/- 3 days), Day 36 (± 3 days), and Day 43 (± 3 days), the research nurse will call and ask about the symptoms and side effects you may be having. You will also perform a medication review. This should take about 30 minutes.

If you are unable to return to MD Anderson for your routine blood draw, your local doctor can draw the blood and your results will be sent to MD Anderson.

You blood will be drawn weekly if you are taking coumadin to check to see how fast your blood clots. Liver function tests will also be performed every 2 weeks if you have metastasis to your liver or are on medication such as acetaminophen statins.

Length of Participation:

If you are the among the first thirty patients you will be assigned to receive/take ginseng at the beginning of the study for a total 29 days followed by up to 28 days of ginseng, if the study doctor thinks it is in your best interest. If you are not among the first thirty patients you may receive up to 29 days of ginseng/placebo followed by up to 28 days of ginseng, if the study doctor thinks it is in your best interest. Ginseng/placebo will be stopped early if intolerable side effects occur.

If your main doctor for cancer approves, you may take ginseng after Day 57 (outside of the study) if you tolerated it well.

This is an investigational study. Ginseng is commercially available. Giving ginseng to patients with cancer and fatigue is being done for research purposes only.

Up to 158 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. All patients with a histological diagnosis of cancer.
  2. Rate fatigue on a numerical scale during the previous 24 hours as >/= 4 on a 0 to 10 scale (0 = no fatigue and 10 = worst possible fatigue).
  3. Describe fatigue as being present every day for most of the day for a minimum of 2 weeks.
  4. Memorial delirium assessment scale </= 13.
  5. Are 18 years or older.
  6. Hemoglobin level of >/=8 g/dL within 2 weeks of enrollment. If the patient has not had blood drawn for a hemoglobin level in the previous two weeks, one will be performed to determine eligibility. Patients with a hemoglobin level <9g/dL will be evaluated for treatment of anemia.
  7. Able to understand and sign the informed consent.
  8. No concurrent use of chronic systemic steroids (defined as currently on more than 1 week of treatment).
  9. Controlled pain and depression symptoms, if present ( defined as no change in the Morphine equivalent dose of 30% or change in the dose of antidepressant medication in the past 2 weeks)
  10. Patients should have a Zubrod </= 2.
  11. All patients who are receiving chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy are eligible for study if they have completed at least one cycle of chemotherapy or targeted therapy, or > 1 week of radiation therapy, and if they have been approved to go on study by their primary oncologist. The PI/designated research staff of this study will obtain and document approval from the primary oncologist and principal investigator of the clinical trial in case the patient is on another clinical trial as referenced in the patient's study documents.
  12. Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential, as defined by intact uterus and ovaries, and a history of menses within the last 12 months. Pregnancy test to be performed no greater than 14 days prior to consent in study. In cases of women with elevated b-HCG, these candidates will be eligible to participate so long as the level of b-HCG is not consistent with pregnancy. Women of childbearing potential need to be on or use contraception, or be abstinent during the study period. Their male partners must also use contraception (condom) or maintain abstinence. Birth controls specifications: Women who are able to become pregnant must use birth control during the study and for 30 days after the last ginseng/placebo dose. Acceptable forms of birth control include barrier methods (such as condom or diaphragm) with spermicide.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Major contraindication to ginseng: allergy/hypersensitivity to Panax species or their constituents (history of arrhythmias, agitation, or motor tics, glaucoma, or severe angina pectoris).
  2. Currently taking ginseng, methylphenidate or modafinil or have taken it within the previous 10 days.
  3. Inability to complete the baseline assessment forms or to understand the recommendations for participation in the study.
  4. Currently with a diagnosis of major depression, manic depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or schizophrenia).
  5. Symptomatic tachycardia and uncontrolled hypertension (determined to be clinically significant by the PI).
  6. Currently receiving phenobarbital, diphenylhydantoin, primidone, phenylbutazone, MAOIs, clonidine and tricyclic antidepressant drugs
  7. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus as defined by a random blood sugar of >200mg/dl not being monitored by their primary care physician.
  8. No concurrent full dose anticoagulant therapy. </= 1 mg/day of coumadin for preventing catheter clots allowed.
  9. History of hepatitis A, B and C.
  10. Women who are nursing.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01375114

Contacts
Contact: Sriram Yennurajalingam, MD 713-792-6085

Locations
United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center Recruiting
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Indena
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sriram Yennurajalingam, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01375114     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009-0854, NCI-2011-01127
Study First Received: June 15, 2011
Last Updated: August 20, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Advanced Cancers
Solid Tumors
Cancer related fatigue
CRF
Panax ginseng
Placebo
Sugar pill
Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue
FACIT-F
Quality of life
QOL
FACT-G
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Inventory
Neurocognitive function
SDMT
Global Symptom Evaluation
GSE

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fatigue
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014