SOAR: Study Observing Antiarrhythmic Remodelling Using LGE-MRI

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Sanofi
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nassir F. Marrouche, MD, University of Utah
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01182376
First received: August 11, 2010
Last updated: September 17, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate how dronedarone (Multaq®) may aid in the slowing of progression of left atrial and ventricular fibrosis in patients with atrial fibrillation as assessed by late gadolinium enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.


Condition Intervention Phase
Atrial Fibrillation
Drug: dronedarone
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: SOAR: Study Observing Antiarrhythmic Remodelling Using LGE-MRI

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Utah:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • LA Fibrosis [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The change from baseline to twelve months post initiation of the study treatments in left atrial fibrosis burden as measured by percentage of LGE-MRI.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • LA and LV Dimensional and Volumetric Measures [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Left atrial and ventricular dimensional and volumetric measurements by MR, as markers of disease progression/regression in the two arms of the study.


Enrollment: 33
Study Start Date: November 2010
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Half of the patients will be assigned placebo.
Drug: dronedarone
Dronedarone will be prescribed by the patient's team according to established guidelines.
Other Names:
  • Multaq®
  • dronedarone
Experimental: Multaq® (dronedarone)
Half of the patients will be prescribed dronedarone.
Drug: dronedarone
Dronedarone will be prescribed by the patient's team according to established guidelines.
Other Names:
  • Multaq®
  • dronedarone

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) arises as a result of a complex interaction between triggers, perpetuators and substrate. As early as 1995, Morillo et al have demonstrated that AF is associated with ultrastructural changes in myocytes. In animal models, alterations in myocytes after sustained AF resemble those of myocardial hybernation with a phenotypical adaptation towards a more fetal stage. Ultimately, these structural changes would lead to Calcium overload and metabolic stress, similar changes have been observed in humans. However, in humans, atrial dilatation and degenerative changes have been observed. Interstitial fibrosis (caused by deposits of collagen and fibronectin) is the prime cause of structural remodeling in left atrium (Boldt et al., 2004). It has been well established that fibrosis is a confounding clinical factor in causing AF (Kostin et al., 2002). But AF itself promotes fibrosis, which in turn leads to increased conduction heterogeneity within the atrial substrate resulting in further progression of AF (Everett,and Olgin, 2007).

The recent introduction of Late Gadolinium enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-MRI) sequence now allows for non-invasive assessment of the location and extent of arrhythmia related fibrosis.

Contrast enhancement occurs as a result of altered washout kinetics of gadolinium relative to normal surrounding tissue, which may reflect increased fibrosis or tissue remodeling of the myocardium. Our group has demonstrated the feasibility of a new LGE-MRI acquisition and processing protocol to detect fibrosis in the LA.

To date, no controlled trials evaluating the effect of antiarrhythmic drugs (AAD) and regression of left atrial fibrosis as assessed by LGE-MRI has been performed. We propose to use LGE-MRI to evaluate the effects of dronedarone vs. placebo on atrial and ventricular fibrosis. It has been shown that the success of catheter ablation procedure (which has been shown to be superior in terms of maintaining sinus rhythm in AF patients when compared to anti-arrhythmic drugs) is dependent upon the extent of fibrosis (Akoum et al., in prep). In AF patients with greater than 35% enhancement (percent left atrial fibrosis), the success of catheter ablation in reducing AF recurrence is greatly reduced. Hence for these patients, a drug that can control the progression of fibrosis and simultaneously provide respite from AF recurrence would be an extremely desirable prescription.

Multaq® is the chosen drug in this study because clinical trials (Hohnloser et al., 2009) have shown that it has the potential to reduce incidence of hospitalizations due to cardiovascular events by 25.5% and death in AF patients by 45%. We acknowledge the information that Dronedarone may be more prone to AF recurrence, however, it has a better safety profile with regards to thyroid and neurologic events and does not interfere with oral anticoagulants (Le Heuzey et al., 2010), which make dronedarone a more preferred antiarrhythmic drug to be used for this study. Furthermore, in patients who took dronedarone post cardioversion procedure to revert arrhythmia back to normal sinus rhythm (NSR), dronedarone has been shown to decrease AF recurrences (Le Heuzey et al., 2010).

OBJECTIVES:

Primary:

The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate how dronedarone may aid in the regression or slowing of progression of left atrial and ventricular fibrosis in patients with atrial fibrillation as assessed by LGE-MRI, using longitudinal data from a double-blinded, prospective study of patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation over a twelve month follow up period.

Secondary:

  • To study the effects of dronedarone in global parameters of myocardial remodeling such as right and left atrial volumes and right and left ventricular volumes.
  • To study correlation between AF burden expressed as percentage of AF measured by an 8-day Holter Monitoring at three, six and twelve months post initiation.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients age 18 and older
  • Must carry a diagnosis of Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation for 1 months or longer prior to being enrolled.
  • AAD: Multaq® (dronedarone) candidate
  • Patients have given informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who are unavailable to continue follow-up at the University of Utah outpatient clinic.
  • Patients weighing >200 lbs (MR image efficacy decreases due to density)
  • Prior RF Ablation treatment for atrial fibrillation
  • Severe renal failure manifested by a chronic GFR of < 30 mL/min, or acute renal failure regardless of the GFR, until the renal function has stabilized. (Gadolinium contraindication)
  • Enrollment in any other investigational trial for anti-arrhythmic therapy
  • Any health related Gadolinium/MRI contraindications: Pacemaker devices, etc.
  • Pregnant women
  • Individuals with cognitive impairments who are unable to give informed consent
  • Multaq® (dronedarone) contraindications:

    • NYHA Class IV heart failure or NYHA Class II - III heart failure with a recent decompensation requiring hospitalization or referral to a specialized heart failure clinic
    • Second- or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block or sick sinus syndrome
    • Bradycardia < 50 bpm
    • Concomitant use of strong CYP 3A inhibitors, such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, cyclosporine, telithromycin, clarithromycin, nefazodone, and ritonavir
    • Concomitant use of drugs or herbal products that prolong the QT interval and might increase the risk of Torsade de Pointes, such as phenothiazine anti-psychotics, tricyclic antidepressants, certain oral macrolide antibiotics, and Class I and III antiarrhythmics
    • QTc Bazett interval ≥ 500 ms or PR interval > 280 ms
    • Severe hepatic impairment
    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing mothers
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01182376

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
Sanofi
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nassir F Marrouche, MD University of Utah
  More Information

Publications:

Responsible Party: Nassir F. Marrouche, MD, Associate Professor of cardiology, University of Utah
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01182376     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB_00040931
Study First Received: August 11, 2010
Last Updated: September 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Utah:
Multaq
dronedarone
Atrial Fibrillation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Amiodarone
Cardiovascular Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasodilator Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014