S0910 Epratuzumab, Cytarabine, and Clofarabine in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as epratuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cytarabine and clofarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving epratuzumab together with cytarabine and clofarabine may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving epratuzumab together with cytarabine and clofarabine works in treating patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||S0910, A Phase II Study of Epratuzumab (NSC-716711) in Combination With Cytarabine and Clofarabine for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Ph- Negative Precursor B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia|
- Complete remission (CR) rate (CR and incomplete CR) [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Frequency and severity of toxicities [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||March 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
AraC 1 g/m2/d IV Days 1-5 clofarabine 40 mg/m2/d IV Days 2-6 epratuzumab 360 mg/m2/d IV Days 7, 14, 21, 28 acetaminophen 650 mg/d PO Days 7, 14, 21, 28 dephenhydramine 50 mg/d IV Days 7, 14, 21, 28 IT methotrexate 12 mg IT at least 1 wk apart during induction All give 1 cycle
|Biological: epratuzumab Drug: clofarabine Drug: cytarabine Other: laboratory biomarker analysis|
- To test whether the complete remission (CR) rate (CR and incomplete CR) in adult patients with relapsed or refractory precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is sufficiently high after treatment with cytarabine, clofarabine, and epratuzumab to warrant further investigation.
- To estimate the frequency and severity of toxicities associated with the dosing schedule of cytarabine, clofarabine, and epratuzumab used in this study.
- To investigate, preliminarily, the effect of laboratory correlates (minimal post-treatment residual disease, expression of nucleoside transporters, and expression of other pertinent genes by tissue microarray) and cytogenetic factors on prognosis in this patient population.
- To investigate, preliminarily, whether the expression of specific genes, such as OPAL-1 (outcome predictor in acute leukemia 1), RANTES, and connective tissue growth factor, associated with poor outcome in retrospective studies, correlates with outcome in this study.(Closed as of 07/01/2010)
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive cytarabine IV over 2 hours on days 1-5, clofarabine IV over 1 hour on days 2-6, and epratuzumab IV over at least 1 hour on days 7, 14, 21, and 28 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity*.
NOTE: * Prophylactic intrathecal methotrexate is required for patients < 22 years of age, and is recommended (but not required) for patients ≥ 22 years of age.
Blood samples, bone marrow samples, and/or tumor tissue samples may be collected for further laboratory analysis.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years and then annually for 3 years.