A Phase 3, Multi-Center Study of Gemcitabine/Carboplatin, With or Without BSI-201, in Patients With ER-, PR-, and Her2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00938652
First received: July 10, 2009
Last updated: September 13, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

The goal of this study was to determine the effect on overall survival and progression free survival by adding iniparib (BSI-201/SAR240550) to the combination of gemcitabine/carboplatin in adult patients with triple negative breast cancer (estrogen receptor (ER)-negative, progesterone receptor (PR)-negative, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative).

Based on data generated by BiPar/Sanofi, it is concluded that iniparib does not possess characteristics typical of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor class. The exact mechanism has not yet been fully elucidated, however based on experiments on tumor cells performed in the laboratory, iniparib is a novel investigational anti-cancer agent that induces gamma-H2AX (a marker of DNA damage) in tumor cell lines, induces cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase in tumor cell lines, and potentiates the cell cycle effects of DNA damaging modalities in tumor cell lines. Investigations into potential targets of iniparib and its metabolites are ongoing.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: gemcitabine/carboplatin
Drug: Iniparib
Phase 3

Access to an investigational treatment associated with this study is no longer available outside the clinical trial.   More info ...

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multi-Center, Open-Label, Randomized Study of Gemcitabine/Carboplatin, With or Without BSI-201, in Patients With ER-, PR-, and Her2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • progression free survival [ Time Frame: until cut-off date established from deaths rate ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Progression free survival was defined as the time interval from the date of randomization to the date of first disease progression (as assessed by Independent Radiologic Review (IRR) based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST) criteria), or the date of death due to any cause, whichever occurred first.

    In the absence disease progression or death, the participant was censored at the date of the last valid tumor assessment performed before the cut-off date.


  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: until cut-off date established from deaths rate ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Overall survival was defined as the time interval from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause.

    In the absence of confirmation of death, participant was censored at the last date he/she was known to be alive, or at the cut-off date, whichever was earlier.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Best overall response [ Time Frame: until treatment discontinuation (assessment at the end of cycle 2 then every other cycle) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Best overall response was defined as the best evaluation observed through the entire treatment period as assessed by Independent Radiologic Review [IRR] based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST) criteria.

  • Objective response rate [ Time Frame: until treatment discontinuation (assessment at the end of cycle 2 then every other cycle) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Objective response rate was defined as the percentage of patients with IRR confirmed partial response or complete response prior to disease progression or treatment discontinuation.


Enrollment: 519
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: February 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm G/C
gemcitabine/carboplatin on Days 1 and 8 of 21-day cycle(s)
Drug: gemcitabine/carboplatin

Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 intravenous infusion (30 ± 10 minutes)

Carboplatin AUC 2 intravenous infusion (30 ± 10 minutes or 60 ± 10 minutes)

Experimental: Arm G/C/I
gemcitabine/carboplatin on Days 1 and 8, plus iniparib on Days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of 21-day cycle(s)
Drug: gemcitabine/carboplatin

Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 intravenous infusion (30 ± 10 minutes)

Carboplatin AUC 2 intravenous infusion (30 ± 10 minutes or 60 ± 10 minutes)

Drug: Iniparib

Body weight adjusted dose

intravenous infusion (60 ± 10 minutes)

Other Names:
  • BSI-201
  • SAR240550

Detailed Description:

Participants were treated for 21-day cycles until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal. After treatment discontinuation, participants were followed until end of study or death or receipt of new anticancer therapy, whichever was first.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically documented breast cancer (either primary or metastatic site) that is ER-negative, PR-negative, and HER2 non-overexpressing by immunohistochemistry (0, 1) or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).

Triple-negative tumors were defined by the following criteria:

  • HER2-non-overexpressing: FISH-negative (defined by ratio <2.2) or, immunohistochemical (IHC) 0, IHC 1+ or, IHC 2+ or IHC 3+ and FISH-negative.
  • ER- and PR-negative: <10% tumor staining by immunohistochemistry (IHC).

    • Never having received chemotherapy for metastatic disease or, having received 1 or 2 prior chemotherapy regimens in the metastatic setting (Prior adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy was allowed);
    • Metastatic breast cancer (Stage IV) with measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria;
    • Female, ≥18 years of age;
    • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1;
    • Organ and marrow function as follows: absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1500/mm3, platelets ≥100,000/dL, hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL, bilirubin ≤1.5 mg/dL, serum creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dL or creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤2.5 times the upper limit of normal if no liver involvement or ≤5 times the upper limit of normal with liver involvement;
    • Radiation therapy completed at least 14 days before study dosing on day 1; radiated lesions may not have served as measurable disease;
    • Central nervous system metastases allowed if subject did not require steroids, whole brain radiation therapy (XRT), gamma/cyber knife, and brain metastases were clinically stable without symptomatic progression;
    • For women of child bearing potential, documented negative pregnancy test within two weeks of study entry and agreement to acceptable birth control during the duration of the study therapy;
    • Tissue block (primary or metastatic) or readily available fresh frozen tumor tissue for PARP expression and other pharmacogenomic studies recommended (although its absence will not exclude subjects from participating);
    • No other diagnosis of malignancy (with exception of non melanoma skin cancer or a malignancy diagnosed ≥5 years ago);
    • Obtained informed consent;
    • Capability to understand and comply with the protocol and signed informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Systemic anticancer therapy within 14 days of the first dose of study drug;
  • Prior treatment with gemcitabine, carboplatin, cisplatin or iniparib
  • Had not recovered to grade ≤1 from adverse events (AEs) per National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) v3.0 or to within 10% of baseline values due to investigational drugs or other medications administered more than 30 days prior to study enrollment;
  • Major medical conditions that might have affected study participation (e.g. uncontrolled pulmonary, renal, or hepatic dysfunction, uncontrolled infection, cardiac disease);
  • Concurrent radiation therapy intended to treat primary tumor not permitted throughout the course of the study; palliative radiation was acceptable;
  • Leptomeningeal disease or brain metastases requiring steroids or other therapeutic intervention;
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding;
  • Inability or unwillingness to abide by the study protocol or cooperate fully with the investigator or designee.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00938652

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Locations
United States, Alabama
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Birmingham, Alabama, United States
United States, Arizona
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Sedona, Arizona, United States
United States, Arkansas
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Jonesboro, Arkansas, United States
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Alhambra, California, United States
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Richmond, Virginia, United States
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Roanoke, Virginia, United States
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Suffolk, Virginia, United States
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Kennewick, Washington, United States
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Seattle, Washington, United States
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Vancouver, Washington, United States
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Yakima, Washington, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00938652     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EFC11486, 20090301, U1111-1119-8208
Study First Received: July 10, 2009
Last Updated: September 13, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Sanofi:
triple negative breast cancer
metastatic breast cancer
Triple negative metastatic breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Gemcitabine
Carboplatin
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2014