Identification of Protective and Worsening Steatohepatitis (NASH) Factors

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified June 2009 by Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice.
Recruitment status was  Recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00914446
First received: April 15, 2009
Last updated: June 4, 2009
Last verified: June 2009
  Purpose

The main aim of this work will be to identify a profile of gene expression by microarray in the liver which might allow to differentiate obese subjects having a normal liver from those with steatohepatitis or steatosis.


Condition Intervention
Morbid Obesity
Steatohepatitis
Steatosis
Procedure: hepatic biopsies

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Screening
Official Title: Identification of Protective and Worsening Steatohepatitis (NASH) Factors by Microarray in Morbid Obesity Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Anatomopathologic study of the hepatic biopsies. [ Time Frame: one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Seek protective and worsening factors by "microarray" [ Time Frame: one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quantitative analyses of genes of interest in the liver and and visceral adipose tissue [ Time Frame: one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Immunohistochemical analyses [ Time Frame: one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Biochemical analyses [ Time Frame: one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Serum dosage of protein of interest [ Time Frame: one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Start Date: April 2008
Estimated Study Completion Date: April 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
morbid obese subject Procedure: hepatic biopsies
hepatic biopsies
overweight and NASH subjects Procedure: hepatic biopsies
hepatic biopsies
control subjects Procedure: hepatic biopsies
hepatic biopsies

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Recent epidemiological studies in France showed a strong prevalence of obesity (12,4%) and its strong increase during the 20 last years. Among the multiple complications related to obesity, the hepatic complications (steatosis and steatohepatitis (NASH)) are among most frequent. Our recent work showed that the adipose tissue, following the example of hepatic tissue also expressed CRP, the hepcidin and the IL-6 on a gene and protein level. We also noticed that 5% of our patients in spite of their obesity presented a normal liver without steatosis.

The main aim of this work will be to identify a profile of gene expression by microarray in the liver which might allow to differentiate the obese subjects having a normal liver from those with steatohepatitis or steatosis. The gene studies will be carried out initially in morbid obese subjects without diabetes (women, index of body mass > 40 kg/m2). We will select a sample of 10 patients having a normal liver, 10 patients having a NASH and 10 patients having a simple steatosis. These gene studies will be carried out in the liver and visceral adipose tissue from these same patients which will make possible to evaluate the interrelationship between the liver and the adipose tissue. We will also include 10 patients having an overweight and a NASH (study only on liver biopsy). The livers controls (10) will be provided from the department of surgery of Pr Jean Gugenheim and are practically all available. They are "healthy" tissue near hepatic benign tumors. Commercial ARN (Biosciences, Stratagene) will be also used. After identification of these profiles of gene expression in a restricted number of patients, we will validate these profiles of gene expression in a more significant number of patients (30 to 45 patients having a NASH compared with 30 to 45 patients having a simple steatosis).

The secondary objectives will be:

To compare the profile of gene expression between the liver and the adipose visceral and subcutaneous tissue from the morbid obese subjects After the identification of a group of genes of interest whose expression is modified in a small number of patients having a NASH, we continue our study with a more restricted number of genes.

  • To validate in a more significant number of patients the modifications of expression of these genes by an approach by real-time PCR
  • To determine the site of expression of these factors in the liver or adipose tissue by immunohistochemic analysis
  • To determine the rate of expression of these factors in the liver or adipose tissue by biochemical analysis (Western blot)
  • A serum dosage could finally be carried out to determine if the serum proteins could constitute a predictive index of the NASH or steatosis.

We will use the series of obese patients from the CHU of Nice whose a surgical approach of obesity was programmed. Preoperative explorations include clinico-biological assessments. During the intervention, the liver and adipose tissue biopsies will be systematically realized for research. We will also use the hepatic biopsies carried out among patients having an overweight and a NASH.

The feasibility of the work does not pose any problem. The department of surgery carries out 10 surgeries of obesity per month. We already have a series of 280 patients. We must include 150 patients in order to be able to obtain sufficiently patients with normal liver. For the other patients, we will use the tissue bank which is already carried out and the patients already gave the consent. Finally we must constitute a liver tissue bank for patients having an overweight. All these fundamental techniques are controlled within team from INSERM U 568 Awaited results: We could by this strategy select protective and worsening factors of steatohepatitis (NASH) which will be able to lead to identify predictive biological markers of the lesions of steatohepatitis and thus to identify patients at risk for the hepatic lesions. These factors could also serve as future therapeutic targets.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for morbid obese subjects without diabetes:

  • 18-60 years old, male or female
  • Body mass index > 40 kg/m2
  • Obesity surgery required
  • Alcohol consumption < 20g per day
  • Affiliation to national French health insurance
  • Consent agreement

Exclusion criteria:

  • Hepatitis B, C, HIV
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding woman.
  • Inability to sign informed consent
  • Patient with regulatory authority patient gold private freedom
  • Hémochromatosis
  • Toxic Hepatitis
  • Alpha-1-anti-trypsin Deficiency
  • Wilson disease
  • Auto-immune hepatitis
  • Drug Hepatitis
  • Orlistat

Inclusion criteria for controls subjects:

  • Subjects of the 2 sexes of 18-60 years old
  • Patients with normal body mass index between 20-25 kg/m2
  • Patients profiting from hepatectomy for benign tumors like adenoma or bulky tumor hepatic biliary cyst or from a repair of the abdominal wall
  • Subjects affiliated to a mode of social security
  • Patient having signed the enlightened consent
  • The private subjects from freedom and the major subjects under supervision will be excluded

Inclusion criteria for overweight and NASH subjects:

  • Subjects of the 2 sexes of 18-60 years old
  • Patients with body mass index > 25 kg/m2
  • Alcohol Consumption < 20 g/j
  • Patient having a NASH in the hepatic biopsy
  • Subjects affiliated to a mode of social security
  • Patient having signed the enlightened consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00914446

Contacts
Contact: ALBERT TRAN, Ph D +33 4 92 03 59 43 tran.a@chu-nice.fr

Locations
France
CHU de Nice Hôpital de l'Archet Recruiting
Nice, France, 06003
Contact: ALBERT TRAN, Ph D    + 33 4 92 03 59 43    tran.a@chu-nice.fr   
Principal Investigator: ALBERT TRAN, Ph D         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
Investigators
Principal Investigator: ALBERT TRAN, Ph D CHU de Nice
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Département de la Recherche Clinique - Mme MALERBA, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00914446     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-APR-05
Study First Received: April 15, 2009
Last Updated: June 4, 2009
Health Authority: France: French Data Protection Authority
France: Institutional Ethical Committee
France: Direction Générale de la Santé

Keywords provided by Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice:
Steatohepatitis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obesity
Obesity, Morbid
Fatty Liver
Overnutrition
Nutrition Disorders
Overweight
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014