A Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Bioidentical Compounded Estrogen Cream and Natural Progesterone (HRT)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00864214
First received: March 17, 2009
Last updated: January 12, 2012
Last verified: January 2012
  Purpose

Bioidentical compounded hormone therapy (BCHT) is considered a 'safer' option to the conventional hormones (HT) by its proponents. However, there is limited research data to support their claims. Our group at the Women's Health Clinic, in collaboration with the Departments of Endocrinology, Complementary Medicine and Laboratory Medicine, is interested in developing a line of research to test the safety and efficacy of BCHT. In the present study, we aim to find the dose of BCHT that is bioequivalent to conventional HT, in a randomized, blinded, four-arm, phase I clinical trial. We will estimate the levels of estrone (E1), estradiol (E2) and estriol (E3) at baseline and at steady state with two-weeks of administration of three commonly used doses of bioidentical compounded estrogen cream (Biest) and a standard dose conventional estrogen patch (Vivelle-Dot). E1, E2, and E3 values will be summarized using point estimates and 95% confidence intervals. Two-sample t-test will be used to compare each Biest group to the Vivelle-Dot group. Healthy postmenopausal women, with no contraindications for hormone use, who are able to fully understand and participate in the trial, will be enrolled. We will utilize the resources of Mayo CRU to conduct this study.


Condition Intervention Phase
Menopause
Drug: bioidentical hormone (Biest)
Drug: bioidentical hormone (Vivelle-Dot)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pharmacokinetic Evaluation of Bioidentical Compounded Estrogen Cream and Natural Progesterone

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mayo Clinic:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To measure estrone, estradiol and estriol levels at baseline and after achieving a steady state with 15-days of administration of three commonly used doses of bioidentical compounded estrogen cream and a standard dose conventional estrogen patch. [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 15 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To measure the progesterone levels at baseline and after achieving a steady state with 15-days of administration of 100 mg/day of two different oral progesterone formulations. [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 15 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To assess the feasibility of conducting a clinical trial randomizing patients to daily estradiol-estriol transdermal cream or biweekly estradiol patch for 15 days in 40 healthy postmenopausal women. [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 15 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To assess the tolerability of use of daily estradiol-estriol transdermal cream and biweekly estradiol patch for 15 days in 40 healthy postmenopausal women in a randomized clinical trial. [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 15 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To test if genetic variation in SULT1A1 copy number and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) influences estrogen pharmacokinetics in 40 healthy postmenopausal women receiving exogenous estrogen therapy. [ Time Frame: Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: June 2008
Study Completion Date: April 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Estrogen is the Biest 2.0 mg bioidentical cream; the placebo is the transdermal patch; the progesterone is compounded progesterone-100 mg
Drug: bioidentical hormone (Biest)
Estrogen is the Biest 2.0 mg bioidentical cream; the placebo is the transdermal patch; the progesterone is compounded progesterone-100 mg
Experimental: 2
Estrogen is the Biest 2.5 mg bioidentical cream; the placebo is the transdermal patch; the progesterone is compounded progesterone-100 mg
Drug: bioidentical hormone (Biest)
Estrogen is the Biest 2.5 mg bioidentical cream; the placebo is the transdermal patch; the progesterone is compounded progesterone-100 mg
Experimental: 3
Estrogen is the Biest 3.0 mg bioidentical cream; the placebo is the transdermal patch; the progesterone is compounded progesterone-100 mg
Drug: bioidentical hormone (Biest)
Estrogen is the Biest 3.0 mg bioidentical cream; the placebo is the transdermal patch; the progesterone is compounded progesterone-100 mg
Experimental: 4
Estrogen is the Vivelle-Dot patch 0.05 mg; the placebo is the transdermal cream; the progesterone is micronized progesterone-100 mg
Drug: bioidentical hormone (Vivelle-Dot)
Estrogen is the Vivelle-Dot patch 0.05 mg; the placebo is the transdermal cream; the progesterone is micronized progesterone-100 mg

Detailed Description:

This study is designed as a Phase I, blinded, randomized, four-arm clinical trial. Participants will be randomized to one of the four interventions: Biest transdermal cream 2.0 mg/0.5 g daily, Biest 2.5 mg/0.5 g daily, Biest 3.0 mg/0.5 g daily or Vivelle-Dot patch 0.05 mg/24 hours changed biweekly. Serum levels of E1, E2, E3 and progesterone will be obtained at baseline before starting the intervention and then multiple times on days 1 15 and 16 of study, as outlined in the table below (Table 3.1). The peak and steady state concentrations of E1, E2 and E3, along with time to reach the peak levels, and area under the curve will be calculated. Baseline and steady state levels of progesterone will also be compared between the compounded and micronized progesterone groups. If there are abnormalities in estrogen levels or symptoms suggesting such, a vaginal ultrasound would be done to exclude possible ovarian activity as a source.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Women 40-60 years old;
  2. Postmenopausal status, as documented by absence of periods for ≥ 1 year or amenorrhea for ≥ 6 months along with FSH ≥ 40 IU/L;
  3. Surgical menopause;
  4. History of a normal mammogram within the last 11 months;
  5. Normal screening labs (within 20% of upper limit of lab normal);
  6. Able to understand and sign informed consent; and
  7. Able and willing to be in a monitored CRU setting and provide blood samples as requested.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Contraindications to the use of hormones because of personal history of coronary artery disease, stroke, breast cancer, DVT/PE, active liver or gall bladder disease, hormone dependent migraine headaches, endometrial, ovarian or other hormone dependent cancers;
  2. Medical conditions increasing the risk of complications from hormone replacement such as uncontrolled hypertension (>160/100 mmHg), smoking, diabetes and lupus;
  3. Current use of estrogen, progesterone or testosterone;Depending on the drug, it could be 7 days to 6 months.
  4. Current use of isoflavone containing products;
  5. Current use of protein binding medications like rifampin, warfarin, antiepileptic drugs (effect on estrogen bioavailability);
  6. Family history of premenopausal breast cancer in a first degree relative, two or more premenopausal breast cancers in second degree relatives, male breast cancer, ovarian cancer in two or more relatives and; and
  7. Women with alcohol or substance abuse or dementia (compliance issues).
  8. Women who are more than ten years from their last menstrual period (unfavorable risk : benefit ratio)
  9. Women with peanut allergy (Prometrium has peanut oil)
  10. Women who are found to have premenopausal estrogen levels, as confirmed by a baseline Estradiol level of >35 pg/ml and vaginal ultrasound suggesting ovarian activity.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00864214

Locations
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mayo Clinic
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richa Sood, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

No publications provided by Mayo Clinic

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Richa Sood, MD, Mayo Clinic
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00864214     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 06-006363, 08-000223
Study First Received: March 17, 2009
Last Updated: January 12, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Mayo Clinic:
bioidentical hormone
menopause
estrogen
progesterone

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Estradiol
Polyestradiol phosphate
Estrogens
Hormones
Progesterone
Estradiol valerate
Estradiol 17 beta-cypionate
Estradiol 3-benzoate
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Contraceptive Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Contraceptive Agents, Female
Progestins

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 01, 2014