Trial record 1 of 1 for:    CALGB 10603
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Daunorubicin, Cytarabine, and Midostaurin in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology ( Cancer and Leukemia Group B )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00651261
First received: April 1, 2008
Last updated: April 4, 2013
Last verified: October 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as daunorubicin and cytarabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Midostaurin may help daunorubicin and cytarabine work better by making cancer cells more sensitive to the drugs. Midostaurin also may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective with or without midostaurin in treating acute myeloid leukemia.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving daunorubicin and cytarabine with or without midostaurin followed by high-dose cytarabine and midostaurin to see how well it works in treating patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: midostaurin
Other: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized, Double-Blind Study of Induction (Daunorubicin/Cytarabine) and Consolidation (High-Dose Cytarabine) Chemotherapy + Midostaurin (PKC412) (IND #101261) or Placebo in Newly Diagnosed Patients < 60 Years of Age With FLT3 Mutated Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Duration of study (Up to 10 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • OS where patients who receive a stem cell transplant are censored at the time of the transplant [ Time Frame: Duration of study (Up to 10 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Complete response rate in the remission induction stage of the study [ Time Frame: Duration of study (Up to 10 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Event- free survival [ Time Frame: Duration of study (Up to 10 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Disease-free survival (DFS) [ Time Frame: Duration of study (Up to 10 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • DFS rate one year after completing the planned continuation phase [ Time Frame: 30 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 714
Study Start Date: April 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive remission induction comprising cytarabine IV continuously on days 1-7, daunorubicin hydrochloride IV on days 1-3, and oral midostaurin twice daily on days 8-21. Some patients may receive a second course of remission induction beginning on or after day 24. Beginning at least 4 weeks after remission induction, patients with a complete response (CR) receive consolidation therapy comprising high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 3, and 5 and oral midostaurin twice daily on days 8-21. Consolidation therapy repeats every 4 weeks for up to 4 courses. Beginning at least 14 days after consolidation therapy, patients who remain in CR receive continuation therapy comprising oral midostaurin twice daily on days 1-14. Continuation therapy repeats every 28 days for up to 12 months.
Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Drug: midostaurin
Given orally
Active Comparator: Arm II
Patients receive remission induction comprising cytarabine and daunorubicin hydrochloride as in arm I and oral placebo twice daily on days 8-21. Some patients may receive a second course of remission induction beginning on or after day 24. Beginning at least 4 weeks after remission induction, patients with a CR receive consolidation therapy comprising high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 3, and 5 and oral placebo twice daily on days 8-21. Consolidation therapy repeats every 4 weeks for up to 4 courses. Beginning at least 14 days after consolidation therapy, patients who remain in CR receive continuation therapy comprising oral placebo twice daily on days 1-28. Continuation therapy repeats every 28 days for up to 12 months.
Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Given IV
Other: placebo
Given orally

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To determine if the addition of midostaurin (vs placebo) to induction therapy comprising daunorubicin hydrochloride and cytarabine, consolidation therapy comprising high-dose cytarabine, and continuation therapy improves overall survival of patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia with FLT3-internal tandem duplication (ITD) or FLT-3 tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations.

Secondary

  • To compare the complete response rate in patients treated with these regimens.
  • To compare the event-free survival (EFS) of patients treated with these regimens.
  • To compare the disease-free survival (DFS) of patients treated with these regimens.
  • To compare the DFS rate of these patients after 1 year of continuation therapy.
  • To compare the overall survival (OS) in the two groups using an analysis in which patients who receive a stem cell transplant are censored at the time of transplant.
  • To assess the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • To describe the interaction between treatment outcome and pretreatment characteristics such as age, performance status, white blood cell count, morphology, cytogenetics, and molecular and pharmacodynamic features.
  • To assess the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of midostaurin and its two major metabolites, CGP52421 and CGP62221.
  • To explore the potential association between PK exposure and FLT3 status, overall survival, EFS, and clinical response in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to FLT3 mutation status (internal tandem duplication [ITD] allelic ratio < 0.7 vs ITD allelic ratio ≥ 0.7 vs tandem kinase domain [TKD]).

  • Remission induction therapy: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

    • Arm I: Patients receive cytarabine IV continuously on days 1-7 and daunorubicin hydrochloride IV on days 1-3. Patients also receive oral midostaurin twice daily on days 8-21.
    • Arm II: Patients receive cytarabine and daunorubicin hydrochloride as in arm I. Patients also receive oral placebo twice daily on days 8-21.

Patients undergo bone marrow aspiration on day 21 to assess response. If residual leukemia is present on day 21 or upon subsequent bone marrow aspiration, patients proceed to second remission induction therapy.

  • Second remission induction therapy: Patients receive a second course of remission induction therapy according to their initial randomization. Treatment begins on or shortly after day 24 (i.e., at least 3 days after completing prior midostaurin or placebo therapy). Within 1 week after hematologic recovery and 60 days after initiating protocol treatment, patients undergo assessment of response. Patients with residual acute myeloid leukemia are removed from study. Patients with complete response (CR) proceed to consolidation therapy.
  • Remission consolidation therapy: Beginning within 2 weeks after hematologic recovery and at least 4 weeks after initiation of the last course of induction therapy, patients with CR receive high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 3, and 5 and oral midostaurin or placebo therapy according to the initial randomization. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Continuation therapy: Patients who continue in CR after four courses of HiDAC consolidation therapy receive continuation therapy with midostaurin or placebo alone according to their initial randomization. Patients who are unable to complete four courses of HiDAC consolidation therapy because of toxicity may receive continuation therapy at the discretion of the principal investigator. Beginning at least 14 days after the last dose of consolidation midostaurin or placebo and after recovery from hematologic and other significant acute toxicity, patients receive oral midostaurin or placebo twice daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 12 months or until relapse.

Patients may also enroll on optional pharmacokinetics study CALGB-60706.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed periodically for up to 10 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 59 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Unequivocal diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) meeting the following criteria:

    • More than 20% blasts present in the bone marrow, as defined by WHO classification
    • Documented FLT3 mutation (i.e., internal tandem duplication [ITD] or point mutation), determined by analysis in a protocol-designated FLT3 screening laboratory
  • No acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
  • Patients with antecedent myelodysplasia (MDS) allowed, provided they received no prior cytotoxic (including azacytidine or decitabine) therapy for MDS
  • No therapy-related AML after prior radiotherapy or chemotherapy for another disorder or cancer
  • Patients with neurologic symptoms suggestive of CNS leukemia may undergo a lumbar puncture

    • Patients with a positive CSF for AML blasts are not eligible

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • No symptomatic congestive heart failure
  • Total bilirubin < 2.5 times upper limit of normal
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use 2 methods of effective contraception during and for 12 weeks after completion of study therapy

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior therapy for leukemia or myelodysplasia, except for the following:

    • Emergency leukapheresis
    • Emergency treatment for hyperleukocytosis with hydroxyurea for ≤ 5 days
    • Cranial radiotherapy for CNS leukostasis (one dose only)
    • Growth factor or cytokine support
  • No concurrent hormones or other chemotherapy, except steroids given for hypersensitivity or transfusion reactions or hormones for non-disease-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes)
  • No concurrent apprepitant
  • No concurrent enrollment on another clinical trial with investigational agents
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00651261

  Show 176 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Cancer and Leukemia Group B
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Richard M. Stone, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology ( Cancer and Leukemia Group B )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00651261     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000590404, CALGB-10603, EUDRACT-2006-006852-37
Study First Received: April 1, 2008
Last Updated: April 4, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
adult acute basophilic leukemia
adult acute eosinophilic leukemia
adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult erythroleukemia (M6a)
adult pure erythroid leukemia (M6b)
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Cytarabine
4'-N-benzoylstaurosporine
Daunorubicin
Staurosporine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 22, 2014