Sunitinib Malate, Hormone Ablation and Radiation Therapy in Patients With Prostate Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00631527
First received: February 27, 2008
Last updated: December 11, 2013
Last verified: December 2013
  Purpose

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn the safety of adding 3 different dose-levels of Sutent® (sunitinib malate) to a combination of hormone therapy and radiation in patients with prostate cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Drug: Leuprolide
Drug: Goserelin
Drug: Sunitinib Malate
Drug: Casodex
Radiation: Radiation Therapy (RT)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sunitinib, Hormonal Ablation and External Beam Radiation Therapy for High-Risk and Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) as defined by Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: 8 week period of combined hormone ablation, Sunitinib, and radiation therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Estimated Enrollment: 22
Study Start Date: February 2008
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Sunitinib Malate, Hormone Ablation + RT
Sunitinib Malate + Hormone Ablation (Leuprolide or Goserelin + Bicalutamide) + Radiation Therapy (RT)
Drug: Leuprolide
Injections given through a needle in the muscle every 3 months.
Other Name: Lupron
Drug: Goserelin
Subcutaneous injections given once every 3 months.
Other Name: Zoladex
Drug: Sunitinib Malate
Starting dose of 12.5 mg by mouth daily for 4 weeks
Other Names:
  • SU011248
  • Sutent
Drug: Casodex
Once a day by mouth for 2 weeks.
Other Name: Bicalutamide
Radiation: Radiation Therapy (RT)
Radiation treatment once daily over a period of 8 weeks.
Other Name: Radiotherapy

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

The Study Drugs:

Sunitinib malate is designed to block pathways that control important events such as the growth of blood vessels that are essential for the growth of cancer.

Luteinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone (LHRH) Analogues like Lupron® (leuprolide) and Zoladex® (goserelin) are hormonal treatments used to help stop the body from making testosterone (male sex hormones) in the body. Prostate cancer cells need testosterone to survive.

Anti-Androgen drugs, like Casodex® (bicalutamide) also stop cell growth by blocking male hormones like testosterone.

Study Drug Administration:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be assigned to a study group. The group you are assigned to and dose of sunitinib malate you receive will depend on when you join this study. Three (3) dose levels of sunitinib malate will be tested. The first group of participants will receive the lowest dose of sunitinib malate. The next group enrolled will receive a higher dose of sunitinib malate, if no intolerable side effects were seen.

Before you begin taking sunitinib, you will begin receiving hormone therapy. You will receive leuprolide or goserelin. Leuprolide is given through a needle in your muscle, and goserelin is given through a needle under the skin in the abdomen. You will receive 1 of these injections every 3 months. Which hormonal drug you are given (leuprolide or goserelin) will be assigned by your doctor and/or will depend on your insurance coverage.

You may also receive bicalutamide. This will be left up to the doctor. You will take bicalutamide by mouth once a day for 2 weeks (with or without food).

After at least 4 weeks of hormone therapy have been given, you will begin taking sunitinib malate in combination with the hormone therapy. You will take sunitinib malate once a day (either with or without food) for 16 weeks in a row.

Radiation Therapy:

After 4 weeks of combined treatment with sunitinib and hormone therapy, you will begin radiation treatments. Radiation treatments will be given once a day, 5 days a week, for about 8 weeks. Each treatment will take 20-30 minutes. This procedure will be discussed with you in more detail. You will continue taking sunitinib and hormone therapy while you are on radiation treatments.

Study Visits:

On the day you start treatment with sunitinib, you will have the following tests and procedures performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurements of your blood pressure and weight.
  • You will be asked about any side effects you may have had since your last visit.
  • Blood (about 1 teaspoon) will be drawn for routine tests.

About Day 15 of treatment with sunitinib, and on the day you begin radiation therapy (before your first treatment), you will have the following tests and procedures performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurements of your blood pressure and weight.
  • You will be asked about any side effects you may have had since your last visit.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests.

Every 2 weeks during radiation therapy, you will have the following tests and procedures performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurements of your blood pressure and weight (every 2 weeks)
  • You will have blood drawn (about 2 teaspoons) for routine testing.
  • You will be asked about any side effects you may have had since your last visit.

About 4 weeks after you stop radiation therapy, you will have the following test and procedures performed:

  • You will have a physical exam, including measurements of your blood pressure and weight.
  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) and urine will be collected for routine tests. The blood testing will include measurement of PSA and testosterone levels.
  • You will be asked about any side effects you have had since your last visit.

Length of Study:

You will continue taking sunitinib malate on this study for a total of 16 weeks. Radiation treatments will last for up to 8 weeks. Hormone injections will continue for a period of 2 years. You will be taken off this study if intolerable side effects occur or the disease gets worse.

Long-Term Follow-up:

You will be followed every 6 months via telephone call and/or a review of your medical record. If contacted, you will be asked about any side effects you have had, or therapies you may have had since stopping treatment on this study. You will be followed for up to 10 years once you have taken sunitinib malate for 20 weeks.

This is an investigational study. Sunitinib malate is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of adults with kidney cancer.

Bicalutamide, leuprolide, and goserelin are FDA approved and commercially available for use in prostate cancer.

Up to 22 patients will be enrolled in this multicenter trial. Up to 12 will be enrolled at MD Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Adenocarcinoma of the prostate with the following high-risk features are eligible: clinical T2c, clinical or pathological T3 or T4 disease OR Gleason 8-10 disease OR PSA > 20ng/ml.
  2. Patients must have no evidence of metastatic disease by clinical and radiological staging including Chest X-ray, Bone scan and CT Scan of the Abdomen and Pelvis.
  3. ECOG Performance Status 0-1
  4. Calculated Creatinine clearance > 35cc/min, Absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mm^3, Platelets >/= 100,000/mm^3, AST/ALT < 2.5 x UNL, Total bilirubin WNL.
  5. No standard contraindications to radiation therapy including prior radiation therapy, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, or and collagen vascular disease.
  6. Patients must be at least 18 years of age
  7. Patients may have had up to 8 weeks of hormonal therapy defined as luteinizing-hormone releasing hormone or other medical castration therapy prior to registration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior VEGFR/PDGFR inhibitor or other investigational therapy.
  2. Inability to take oral medication
  3. Chronically uncontrolled hypertension, defined conventionally as consistent/repeated systolic pressures above 140 mmHg or diastolic pressures above 90 mmHg despite anti-hypertensive therapy. This may be established with home BP readings. There is no criterion related to a specific BP result required for eligibility, nor are acute BP elevations that are related to iatrogenic causes, acute pain, or other transient reversible causes considered an exclusion criteria. The intent is to exclude patients with chronically uncontrolled hypertension that might be further exacerbated by Sunitinib.
  4. Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction </= 40%, symptomatic congestive heart failure or symptomatic ischemic heart disease, deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism in the last 12 months.
  5. Known human immunodeficiency virus infection, alcoholism, chronic active hepatitis or liver cirrhosis.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00631527

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Pfizer
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Paul Corn, MD, PHD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00631527     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2006-0684
Study First Received: February 27, 2008
Last Updated: December 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Prostate Cancer
Radiation Therapy
RT
Radiotherapy
Hormone Ablation
Sunitinib Malate
Leuprolide
Lupron
Zoladex
Goserelin
Casodex
Bicalutamide
SU011248
Sutent
Angiogenesis inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Hormones
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Sunitinib
Leuprolide
Goserelin
Bicalutamide
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014