PET Imaging of Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors Using [18F]FMPEP-d2

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00598286
First received: January 10, 2008
Last updated: May 9, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this protocol is to measure brain CB1 receptors in the hope to better understand how they work, so that one day we can understand how the CB1 receptors are involved in psychiatric, neurological, and behavioral disorders.


Condition Intervention Phase
CB1
Cannabinoid
PET
[18F]FMPEP-d2
Brain Imaging
Drug: [18F]FMPEP-d2
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Imaging of Cannabinoid CB1 Receptors Using [18F]FMPEP-d2

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Efficacy of novel PET tracer for CB1 in brain imaging.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Distribution and variance of CB1 receptors in the brain of healthy controls.

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: January 2008
Study Completion Date: October 2009
Primary Completion Date: October 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: [18F]FMPEP-d2
    N/A
  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

BRAIN IMAGING

Objective

The central cannabinoid receptor (CB1) is one of the most abundant neuromodulatory receptors in the brain. It is found on glutamatergic, dopaminergic and GABA-ergic synaptic terminals and belongs to G-protein coupled receptor family. The CB1 is a target for drug therapy, including the use of an antagonist as an appetite suppressant. The central cannabinoid receptor CB1 has never been visualized in humans. In collaboration with Eli Lilly, we developed a promising PET ligand for the CB1 receptor: [18F]FMPEP-d2 ((3R,5R)-5-(3-(fluoromethoxy)phenyl)-3-((R)-1-phenylethylamino)-1-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)pyrrolidin-2-one).

Study Population

In the current protocol, we wish to evaluate [18F]FMPEP-d2 in approximately 10 healthy subjects.

Design

Brain imaging studies will consist of subject evaluation followed by PET and MRI scans.

Outcome Measures

We intend to determine the kinetics of brain uptake and washout, clearance in the plasma, and the distribution volume of [18F]FMPEP-d2 calculated with compartmental modeling. Distribution volume is proportional to the density of receptors and is equal to the ratio at equilibrium of uptake in brain to the concentration of parent radiotracer in plasma.

WHOLE BODY DOSIMETRY

Objective

Should the brain imaging studies prove to be successful, we will continue with whole body dosimetry studies. Preliminary dosimetry studies with [18F]d2-FMPEP have been performed in nonhuman primates; however, these need to be continued in humans before further investigation of this novel tracer can continue.

Study Population

In the current protocol, we wish to evaluate [18F]FMPEP-d2 in approximately 10 additional healthy subjects.

Design

The whole body dosimetry studies will consist of subject evaluation followed by a PET scan.

Outcome Measures

We intend to determine the whole body distribution of activity and thereby calculate radiation exposure to organs of the body.

BRAIN IMAGING WITH TEST/RE-TEST

Objective

Should the brain imaging and dosimetry studies prove to be successful, we will continue with test/retest brain imaging studies. Test/retest studies with [18F]FMPEP-d2 will provide evidence of reproducibility and strengthen the assurance that this radioligand can be used to assess pathology. Previous investigations in developing a CB1 receptor PET tracer have demonstrated the need to test reproducibility (Terry, In Writing; Burns et al 2007).

Study Population

In the current protocol, we wish to evaluate [18F]FMPEP-d2 in approximately 10 additional healthy subjects.

Design

The brain imaging test/retest studies will consist of subject evaluation followed by one MRI and two PET scans.

Outcome Measures

We intend to determine the reproducibility of the outcome measures from the brain imaging, namely, distribution volume.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • All subjects must be healthy and aged 18-65 years, with history/physical exam, ECG, and laboratory tests within one year of the PET scan.
  • The volunteer must sign an informed consent form.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Current psychiatric illness, substance abuse including marijuana use, or severe systemic disease based on history and physical exam.
  • Laboratory tests with clinically significant abnormalities or positive urine toxicology screen.
  • Prior participation in other research protocols in the last year such that radiation exposure would exceed the annual limits.
  • Pregnancy and breast feeding.
  • Claustrophobia.
  • Presence of ferromagnetic metal in the body or heart pacemaker.
  • Positive HIV test.
  • Employee of the investigative site or an immediate family member of an employee of the investigative site. Immediate family member is defined as a spouse, parent, child, or sibling, whether biological or legally adopted.
  • Employee of Eli Lilly and Company.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00598286

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Robert B. Innis, M.D./National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00598286     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 080049, 08-M-0049
Study First Received: January 10, 2008
Last Updated: May 9, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
CB1 Receptor
PET
Cannabinoid
[18F]FMPEP-d2
Brain Imaging
Healthy Volunteer
HV

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 22, 2014