LMP1- and LMP2-Specific CTLs to Patients With EBV-Positive NPC (NATELLA)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
The Methodist Hospital System
Texas Children's Hospital
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen Gottschalk, Baylor College of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00516087
First received: August 10, 2007
Last updated: May 22, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

Patients have a type of cancer called nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) which has either come back, not gone away or is at high risk for coming back after the best treatment we know for this disease. We are inviting patients to participate in a research study using a new experimental therapy consisting of special immune system cells called LMP1- and LMP2-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (LMP1- and LMP2-CTLs).

Some patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma show evidence of infection with the virus that causes infectious mononucleosis Epstein Barr virus (EBV) before or at the time of their diagnosis. EBV is found in the cancer cells of almost all patients with advanced stage NPC, suggesting that it may play a role in causing the disease. The cancer cells infected by EBV are able to hide from the body's immune system and escape destruction. We want to see if special white blood cells, called T cells, that have been trained to recognize and kill special parts of EBV infected cells can survive in blood and affect the tumor.

We have used this sort of therapy to treat a different type of cancer that occurs after bone marrow and solid organ transplant called post-transplant lymphoma. In this type of cancer the tumor cells have 9 proteins made by EBV on their surface. We grew T cells in the laboratory that recognized all 9 proteins and were able to prevent and treat post-transplant lymphoma. However nasopharyngeal carcinoma tumor cells only express 2 EBV proteins (LMP1 and LMP2) on their surfaces. In a previous study we made T cells that recognized all 9 proteins and gave them to patients with NPC. While some patients had a response, only a few patients had their cancer completely go away. We are now trying to find out if we can improve this treatment by growing and giving T cells where more of the cells will recognize two of the proteins expressed on NPC cells called LMP1 and LMP2. These special T cells are called LMP1- and LMP2-CTLs. These LMP1- and LMP2-CTLs are an investigational product not approved by the Food and Drug Administration.


Condition Intervention Phase
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
Genetic: Genetically modified CTLs
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Administration of LMP1- and LMP2-Specific Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes to Patients With EBV-Positive Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Baylor College of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • adverse events are being measured/assessed for the safety of autologous LMP1- and LMP2- specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTL) in patients with EBV-positive nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Adverse events will be measured/obtained for information on the expansion, persistence and anti-tumor effects of autologous LMP1- and LMP2 specific CTL in patients with EBV-positive NPC. [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 29
Study Start Date: August 2007
Study Completion Date: July 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Patients
Patients with NPC in first or subsequent relapse or with primary refractory disease or high risk (T3 or T4, or node positive disease) in whom the EBV genome or antigens have been demonstrated in tissue biopsies.
Genetic: Genetically modified CTLs

LMP1- and LMP2-specific T cells will be given by intravenous injection over 1-10 minutes through either a peripheral or a central line.

Four different dosing schedules will be evaluated. Each patient will receive two injections, 14 days apart, according to the following dosing schedules:

Group One Day 0 2x107 cells/m2 Day 14 2x107 cells/m2

Group Two Day 0 2x107 cells/m2 Day 14 1x108 cells/m2

Group Three Day 0 1x108 cells/m2 Day 14 2x108 cells/m2

Group Four Day 0 2x108 cells/m2 Day 14 4x108 cells/m2


Detailed Description:

Patients have an EBV-positive cancer. We had gotten permission to take blood from patients in the past, which was used to grow T cells in the laboratory. We first grew a special type of cell called dendritic cells to stimulate the T cells. We then put a specially produced human virus (adenovirus) that carries the LMP1 and LMP2 gene into the dendritic cells. These dendritic cells were then treated with radiation so they could not grow. They were then used to stimulate T cells. This stimulation trained the T cells to kill cells with LMP1 and LMP2 on their surface. We then grew these LMP1- and LMP2-specific CTLs by more stimulation with EBV infected cells (which we made from blood by infecting them with EBV in the laboratory and treated them with radiation so they would not grow). We also put the adenovirus that carries the LMP1 and LMP2 genes into these EBV infected cells so that we increase the amount of LMP1 and LMP2 that these cells have. Once we made sufficient numbers of T cells we tested them to make sure they kill cells with LMP1 and LMP2 on their surface. These cells are now ready to give to the patients if they agree to participate in this study.

If the patient agrees to this treatment they will get treated with two doses of LMP1-and LMP2-specific CTLs, each dose given 2 weeks apart. If the patient is a female of child-bearing potential, we will give them a pregnancy test within one week prior to the infusion. If the patient is pregnant, they will not be able to participate in the study. The study doctor will be notified.

The CTLs will be thawed and injected through a central line, if they have one, or through a vein in their arm over 1 to 10 minutes. They may receive a dose of Tylenol and Benadryl beforehand. We will then monitor the patient in clinic for 1 to 4 hours after the injection.

All of the treatments will be given by the Center for Cell and Gene Therapy at Texas Children's Hospital or Houston Methodist Hospital. We will follow the patient in the clinic after the CTL injection and also follow results of their disease evaluations with the primary doctor.

To learn more about the way the T cells are working and how long they last in the body, an extra 10-60 mls (2-12 teaspoonfuls) of blood will be taken. We will use this blood to look at the immune response in the blood to the cancer.

To learn if the injected T cells have anti-tumor activity, we will measure the size of the patient's tumor before the T-cell infusion and 8 weeks afterwards with routine imaging studies such as CT (computer tomogram), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), or PET (Positron Emission Tomography). If the patient has stable disease or there is a reduction in the size of the tumor on imaging studies after the T-cell infusion, the patient can receive up to six additional doses of the T cells at 6 to 12 weeks intervals if they wish.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

All patients with NPC in first or subsequent relapse or with primary refractory disease or high risk (T3 or T4, or node positive disease) in whom the EBV genome or antigens have been demonstrated in tissue biopsies will be eligible for this trial.

Any patient with EBV positive NPC, in relapse or with primary resistant disease

Patients with a life expectancy 6 weeks or greater

Patients with a Karnofsky score (age greater than/=16) of or Lansky score (age less than 16) of greater than/= 50

Patients with a creatinine 2x normal for age or less

Patients should have been off other investigational therapy for one month prior to entry in this study

Patient, parent/guardian able to give informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

Severe intercurrent infection

Due to unknown effects of this therapy on a fetus, pregnant women are excluded from this research. The male partner should use a condom.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00516087

Locations
United States, Texas
Houston Methodist Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Texas Children's Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
The Methodist Hospital System
Texas Children's Hospital
Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Baylor College of Medicine
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Stephen Gottschalk, MD Baylor College of Medicine
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Stephen Gottschalk, Associate Professor, Baylor College of Medicine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00516087     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00682864
Other Study ID Numbers: 21000-NATELLA, NATELLA
Study First Received: August 10, 2007
Last Updated: May 22, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration
United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Baylor College of Medicine:
Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Nasopharyngeal Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms
Pharyngeal Diseases
Pharyngeal Neoplasms
Stomatognathic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014