The Fabrazyme® and Arbs and ACE Inhibitor Treatment (FAACET) Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00446862
First received: March 11, 2007
Last updated: November 17, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
  Purpose

The primary hypothesis is that titration of ACE inhibitor and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs)to reduce urine protein excretion to < 500 mg per day in Fabry Patients receiving agalsidase beta therapy at 1 mg/kg every two weeks will slow the progression rate of decline of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) compared to case controls drawn from the Genzyme-sponsored Phase III extension study (GFR 60 to 125 ml/min/1.73 m², urine protein > 1 gram/day) or the Phase IV study (GFR 20 to 60 ml/min/1.73 m², urine protein > 0.5 gram/day). After a 3 month initial Evaluation Phase, the patients will be followed during a 24 month Observation Phase. FAACET is an open label, prospective observational study. The primary objective is reduction of first morning urine protein/creatinine ratio to < 0.5 gram/gram. The primary outcome measure is the regression slope of MDRD GFR with time in years


Condition Intervention
Fabry Disease
Proteinuria
Drug: enalapril and other angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors; losartan and other angiotensin receptor blockers

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Multi-center, Open-label Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Control of Proteinuria With ACE Inhibitors and ARBS in Patients With Fabry Disease Who Are Receiving Fabrazyme®: The FAACET Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the relationship of GFR to titrating ACEI/ARB therapy to targeted uring protein ration [ Time Frame: from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine whether decline of GFR can be slowed by titrating ACEI/ARB anti-proteinuric therapy to target urine protein/creatinine ratio of ≤ 0.5, or 50% reduction from baseline, in Fabry patients with significant kidney involvement (20 ≤ eGFRMDRD ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m²), and baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 0.5 (based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study), who are receiving standard of care treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and Fabry disease.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Decrease in protein/creatinine ratio after administration of AECI/ARB therapy [ Time Frame: from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine whether urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or ≥ 50% reduction from baseline, can safely be achieved in Fabry patients with ACEI/ARB therapy.

  • Determine if urine protein/creaine reduction results in slower GFR decline [ Time Frame: from baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine whether urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0. 5, or ≥ 50% reduction from baseline, result in a slower rate of GFR decline compared to patients who cannot achieve this target.

  • Determine if GFR decline can be slowed by titrating ACEI/ARB therapy to target urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or 50% reduction [ Time Frame: baseline to first visit ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    To determine if GFR decline can be slowed by titrating ACEI/ARB therapy to target urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or 50% reduction from baseline, in Fabry patients with definite kidney involvement (125 ≥ eGFRMDRD ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m²), and baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 1.0 (based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study) who are receiving standard of care treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and Fabry disease.


Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: March 2007
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: June 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: enalapril and other angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors; losartan and other angiotensin receptor blockers
    10 mg by mouth every day; 25 mg by mouth every day
    Other Name: agalsidase beta
  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

TITLE: FABRAZYME® + ARBS + ACE INHIBITOR TREATMENT (FAACET) STUDY Multi-center, Open-label Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Control of Proteinuria with Angiotensin Receptors Blockers (ARBs) and Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors (ACEIs) in Patients with Fabry Disease Who Are Receiving Fabrazyme®.

PROTOCOL NO. UAB NEPHROLOGY 001-2006 SPONSOR: University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 NAME OF FINISHED PRODUCTS: Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, Angiotensin Receptor Blockers, Fabrazyme® INVESTIGATOR/STUDY CENTERS: Fourteen (14) study sites worldwide PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To determine whether decline of GFR can be slowed by titrating ACEI/ARB anti-proteinuric therapy to target urine protein/creatinine ratio of ≤ 0.5, or 50% reduction from baseline, in Fabry patients with significant kidney involvement (20 ≤ eGFRMDRD ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m²), and baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 0.5 (based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study), who are receiving standard of care treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and Fabry disease.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES

  1. To determine whether urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or ≥ 50% reduction from baseline, can safely be achieved in Fabry patients with ACEI/ARB therapy.
  2. To determine whether urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0. 5, or ≥ 50% reduction from baseline, result in a slower rate of GFR decline compared to patients who cannot achieve this target.
  3. To determine if GFR decline can be slowed by titrating ACEI/ARB therapy to target urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or 50% reduction from baseline, in Fabry patients with definite kidney involvement (125 ≥ eGFRMDRD ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m²), and baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 1.0 (based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study) who are receiving standard of care treatment for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), and Fabry disease.

METHODOLOGY This will be a multi-center, multinational, open-label study to confirm the safety and the effectiveness of ACE inhibitors and ARBs against proteinuria in patients with advanced Fabry disease who are receiving Fabrazyme® at 1 mg/kg every other week. Following an initial 3-month Evaluation Period, during which ACEI/ARB therapy will be titrated to reduce urinary protein/creatinine ratio to a target of 0.5, or 50% of baseline level, the patients will be followed for 24 months in an Observation Period with continued monitoring of their eGFRMDRD and protein excretion every 3 monthly for 24 months. ACEI/ARB therapy will continue to be titrated to maintain the proteinuria target in the Observation Period. The baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio is defined as the last value obtained in the individual patient before they began any ACEI/ARB therapy.

STUDY SITES: 40 patients will be enrolled in the FAACET Study at 14 Study Sites.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

The patient must provide written, informed consent, and be ≥ 19 yrs of age. The patient is already receiving Fabrazyme® at 1 mg/kg every two weeks at the time of enrollment.

Patient has confirmed Fabry disease (plasma αGAL activity of < 1.5 nmol/hr/mL, or leukocyte αGAL activity of < 4 nmol/hr/mg), or a known mutation compatible with Fabry disease.

Patients with either:

  1. eGFRMDRD ≥ 20 and ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and documented baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 0.5, based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study; or
  2. eGFRMDRD ≤ 125 ml/min/1.73 m2 and > 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 with documented baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 1, based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

The patient has undergone kidney transplantation or is currently on dialysis, or is planning on receiving a kidney transplant during the first year of the study.

The patient has diabetic nephropathy or the presence of another, confounding kidney disease unless there is kidney biopsy confirmation that the patient does not have diabetic nephropathy or another, confounding kidney disease.

The patient has a clinically significant organic disease, or other condition that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation in the full extent of the trial.

The patient is unwilling to comply with the requirements of the protocol, including continuing on Fabrazyme® at 1 mg/kg body weight every two weeks.

Patients who have documented allergies to ACE inhibitors and to ARBs are not eligible to participate in the FAACET Study.

The patient is pregnant or intends to become pregnant during the course of the study.

TREATMENT REGIMEN During the Evaluation Period, the patients will be titrated with ACEI/ARBs to reduce their first morning urine protein/creatinine ratio to ≤ 0.5, or 50% of the baseline level. During the Observation Period, the ACEI/ARB therapy will be dose-adjusted, as tolerated, to maintain their urine protein/creatinine ratio at target level. Patients will continue to receive Fabrazyme® intravenously every 2 weeks throughout the study. Unless there is a compelling clinical indication, patients in the FAACET study should avoid all potentially nephrotoxic agents (e.g., NSAIDs, aminoglycoside antibiotics, X-ray contrast agents, etc.) STUDY DURATION: 3 month Evaluation Period, followed by 24-month Observation Period.

CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION Efficacy: Change in renal function will be assessed with the eGFRMDRD for the FAACET patients, and compared to the Phase IV patient population (AGAL008 and AGAL025) to assess the additional impact of ACEI/ARB therapy on the decline in eGFRMDRD in patients receiving Fabrazyme® therapy. Patients who every received Fabrazyme for at least 12 months in AGAL008/AGAL025 or Phase III/extension study will be included in the Control Cohorts: a). if eGFRMDRD ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m² and urine protein/creatinine ratio > 0.5 at Baseline before initiating treatment with Fabrazyme®, OR b). Baseline eGFRMDRD ≤ 125 and ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73 m², and urine protein/creatinine ratio > 1.0 at Baseline before initiating treatment with Fabrazyme®. These patients will be used in analyses for comparison to the FAACET Study patients based on their characteristics before initiating Fabrazyme®.

Safety: Safety will be monitored in terms of adverse experiences, vital sign parameters, physical examinations, laboratory safety parameters, concomitant medications and antibody formation.

DSMP and DSMB: A Data Safety Monitoring Plan has been developed for the FAACET Study, and the Steering Committee will assume the responsibilities usually attributed to a Data Safety Monitoring Board. A summary log will be kept of all adverse events reported to the UAB IRB.

STATISTICAL METHODS Efficacy: The primary efficacy analysis will be the change in renal function assessed as eGFRMDRD for the patient group that reaches and maintains their urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or ≤ 50% of their baseline, to assess the impact of ACEI/ARB therapy on decline of eGFRMDRD in patients receiving Fabrazyme® therapy. A secondary efficacy analysis will be carried out on the change in eGFRMDRD for the patient group that cannot maintain their urine protein/creatinine ratio ≤ 0.5, or less than 50% of their baseline. The Phase III/Phase III extension and Phase IV/Phase IV extension patients, who met the Criteria for evaluation listed above, will serve as the Control Cohorts for comparison to the FAACET patients in the various analyses.

The Control Cohort will be defined a priori before FAACET enrollment begins. The age, gender, baseline eGFRMDRD, systolic blood pressure, and baseline proteinuria, as well as duration of Fabrazyme® therapy versus the appropriate mixed models with random slopes for individual patients. The mixed model analyses will be adjusted as needed for the covariates assumed to be most important in determining the rate of decline in kidney function (i.e. age, gender, baseline eGFRMDRD, systolic blood pressure, baseline proteinuria, and duration of Fabrazyme® therapy).

Safety: Adverse events and serious adverse events will be summarized by body system and preferred term using a standardized coding dictionary (MedDRA). The severity and relationship of treatment to adverse events will be summarized. Clinically significant laboratory values, and physical exam findings will be summarized. Overall antibody status, including seroconversion rates, and titer levels will be summarized. Concomitant medications will be detailed at each study visit.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years to 85 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Adult patients with confirmed diagnosis of Fabry disease, who are receiving enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase beta

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient must provide written, informed consent, and be ≥ 19 yrs of age.
  • The patient is already receiving Fabrazyme® at 1 mg/kg every two weeks at the time of enrollment.
  • Patient has confirmed Fabry disease (plasma αGAL activity of < 1.5 nmol/hr/mL, or leukocyte αGAL activity of < 4 nmol/hr/mg), or a known mutation compatible with Fabry disease.
  • Patients with either:

    1. eGFRMDRD ≥ 20 and ≤ 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and documented baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 0.5, based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study; or
    2. eGFRMDRD ≤ 125 ml/min/1.73 m2 and > 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 with documented baseline urine protein/creatinine ratio > 1, based on the last value obtained before initiating ACEI/ARB therapy or obtained at screening before the first Evaluation Visit of the FAACET Study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The patient has undergone kidney transplantation or is currently on dialysis, or is planning on receiving a kidney transplant during the first year of the study.
  • The patient has diabetic nephropathy or the presence of another, confounding kidney disease unless there is kidney biopsy confirmation that the patient does not have diabetic nephropathy or another, confounding kidney disease.
  • The patient has a clinically significant organic disease, or other condition that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude participation in the full extent of the trial.
  • The patient is unwilling to comply with the requirements of the protocol, including continuing on Fabrazyme® at 1 mg/kg body weight every two weeks.
  • Patients who have documented allergies to ACE inhibitors and to ARBs are not eligible to participate in the FAACET Study.
  • The patient is pregnant or intends to become pregnant during the course of the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00446862

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-0006
United States, Georgia
Emory University
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Illinois
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60614
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Slovenia
General Hospital Slovenj Gradec
Ljubljana, Gradec, Slovenia, 1
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David G Warnock, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00446862     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: X070104001, UAB NEPHROLOGY 001-2006
Study First Received: March 11, 2007
Last Updated: November 17, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:
Definition: Fabry disease
Definition: Progression
Definition: MDRD GFR
Definition: Chronic Kidney Disease
Definition: Proteinuria
Definition: Enzyme Replacement Therapy
Definition: Anti-proteinuric therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fabry Disease
Proteinuria
Brain Diseases
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Cardiovascular Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipidoses
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Metabolic Diseases
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Sphingolipidoses
Urination Disorders
Urologic Diseases
Urological Manifestations
Vascular Diseases
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014