Therapeutic Autologous Lymphocytes, Cyclophosphamide, and Aldesleukin in Treating Patients With Stage IV Melanoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00438984
First received: February 20, 2007
Last updated: March 14, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Biological therapies, such as therapeutic autologous lymphocytes, may stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Cyclophosphamide may also stimulate the immune system in different ways and stop tumor cells from growing. Aldesleukin may stimulate white blood cells to kill tumor cells. Giving therapeutic autologous lymphocytes together with cyclophosphamide and aldesleukin may be an effective treatment for melanoma.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects of giving therapeutic autologous lymphocytes together with cyclophosphamide and aldesleukin in treating patients with stage IV melanoma


Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Melanoma
Stage IV Melanoma
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Biological: therapeutic autologous lymphocytes
Biological: aldesleukin
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Procedure: biopsy
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Other: immunologic technique
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study To Evaluate Cellular Adoptive Immunotherapy Using Autologous CD8+ Antigen-Specific T Cell Clones Following Cyclophosphamide Conditioning For Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The identification of a CY/IL-2 regimen that is considered to be safe [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The identification of a CY/IL-2 regimen (among those considered safe) which yields the greatest effect on the duration of in vivo persistence of adoptively transferred CTL clones [ Time Frame: Baseline, 4 weeks and 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 11
Study Start Date: December 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (chemotherapy, immunosuppressive, lymphocytes)

All patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2 and autologous antigen-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T-lymphocyte clones IV over 30-60 minutes on day 0.

COHORT I: Beginning within 6 hours of T cell infusion, patients receive low-dose aldesleukin SC twice daily on days 0-14.

COHORT II: Beginning within 6 hours of T cell infusion, patients receive high-dose aldesleukin IV 3 times daily on days 0-5.

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Biological: therapeutic autologous lymphocytes
Given IV
Other Names:
  • AL
  • Autologous Lymphocytes
  • autologous T cells
Biological: aldesleukin
Given IV or SC
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Proleukin
  • recombinant human interleukin-2
  • recombinant interleukin-2
Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
Correlative studies
Other Name: immunohistochemistry
Procedure: biopsy
Optional correlative studies
Other Name: biopsies
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Other: immunologic technique
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • immunological laboratory methods
  • laboratory methods, immunological
Genetic: polymerase chain reaction
Correlative studies
Other Name: PCR

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To assess the safety and toxicity of cellular adoptive immunotherapy in melanoma patients receiving autologous CD8+ antigen-specific T cell clones following cyclophosphamide conditioning and post-infusion IL-2.

II. To assess the duration of in vivo persistence of adoptively transferred CD8+ T cell clones.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the antitumor effect of adoptively transferred CD8+ antigenspecific cytotoxic t lymphocytes (CTL) clones following cyclophosphamide conditioning and post-infusion IL-2.

OUTLINE:

Patients are assigned 1of 2 treatment cohorts.

All patients receive high-dose cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) on days -3 and -2 and autologous antigen-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocyte clones IV over 30-60 minutes on day 0.

COHORT I: Beginning within 6 hours of T cell infusion, patients receive low-dose aldesleukin subcutaneously (SC) twice daily on days 0-14.

COHORT II: Beginning within 6 hours of T cell infusion, patients receive high-dose aldesleukin IV 3 times daily on days 0-5.

Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and every 3 months thereafter for up to 1 year.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histopathological documentation of melanoma concurrent with the diagnosis of metastatic disease
  • Expression of HLA-A2, B44, or A3 as determined by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing lab
  • Zubrod performance status of 0-1
  • Bi-dimensionally measurable disease by palpation on clinical exam, or radiographic imaging (X-ray, CT scan)
  • Normal cardiac stress test within 182 days prior to enrollment is required of all patients over 50 years old or those with an abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG), any history of cardiac disease, a family history of cardiac disease, hypercholesterolemia or hypertension
  • FOR LEUKAPHERESIS:
  • Pulse > 45 or < 120
  • Weight >= 45 kg
  • White blood cell count (WBC) >= 3,000
  • Temperature =< 38C (=< 100.4 F)
  • Hematocrit (HCT) >= 30%
  • Platelets >= 100,000
  • FOR T CELL INFUSION: Patients must be willing and able to discontinue the use of all anti-hypertensive medications 24 hours prior to and during IL-2 therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant women, nursing mothers, men or women of reproductive ability who are unwilling to use effective contraception or abstinence; women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test within two weeks prior to entry
  • Serum creatinine > 1.6 mg/dL or Creatinine clearance < 75 ml/min
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) > 150 IU or > 3x upper limit of normal
  • Bilirubin > 1.6 mg/dL
  • Prothrombin time > 1.5 x control
  • Clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam; patients so identified will undergo pulmonary functions testing and those with forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) < 2.0 L or carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLco) (corr for Hgb) < 75% will be excluded
  • Significant cardiovascular abnormalities as defined by any one of the following:
  • Congestive heart failure;
  • Clinically significant hypotension;
  • Symptoms of coronary artery disease;
  • Presence of cardiac arrhythmias on electrocardiograph (EKG) requiring drug therapy;
  • Ejection fraction < 50 % (echocardiogram or multi gated acquisition scan [MUGA])
  • Symptomatic central nervous system metastases greater than 1 cm at the time of therapy; patients with 1-2 asymptomatic, less than 1 cm brain/central nervous system (CNS) metastases without significant edema may be considered for treatment; if sub-centimeter CNS lesions are noted at study entry, than a repeat imaging will be performed if more than 3 weeks have elapsed from the last scan; patients will not be treated if CNS lesions are > 1 cm or if patient is symptomatic from brain metastasis
  • Patients with active infections or oral temperature > 38.2 C within 72 hours of study entry or systemic infection requiring chronic maintenance or suppressive therapy
  • Chemotherapeutic agents (standard or experimental), radiation therapy, or other immunosuppressive therapies less than 3 weeks prior to T cell therapy; (patients with bulky disease may undergo cytoreductive chemotherapy but treatment will be discontinued at least 3 weeks prior to T cell therapy)
  • Clinically significant autoimmune disorders or conditions of immunosuppression; patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 associated complex or known to HIV antibody seropositive or known to be recently polymerase chain reaction (PCR)+ for hepatitis are not eligible for this study; virology testing will be done within 6 months of T cell infusion; the severely depressed immune system found in these infected patients and the possibility of premature death would compromise study objectives
  • FOR T CELL INFUSION: Patients with active infections or oral temperature > 38.2 C within 72 hours of study entry or systemic infection requiring chronic maintenance or suppressive therapy
  • FOR T CELL INFUSION: Chemotherapeutic agents (standard or experimental), radiation therapy, or other immunosuppressive therapies less than 3 weeks prior to T cell therapy
  • FOR T CELL INFUSION: Current treatment with steroids
  • FOR T CELL INFUSION: Patients must not be receiving any other experimental drugs within 3 weeks of the initiation of the protocol and must have recovered from all side effects of such therapy
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00438984

Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Cassian Yee Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Yee, Cassian, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00438984     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2140.00, NCI-2010-01280, R21CA128283
Study First Received: February 20, 2007
Last Updated: March 14, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Melanoma
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Nevi and Melanomas
Aldesleukin
Cyclophosphamide
Interleukin-2
Alkylating Agents
Analgesics
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antirheumatic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 21, 2014