Genetic Study of Nephrolithiasis in Gouty Diathesis

This study has been terminated.
(Non significative preliminary data)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00149305
First received: September 7, 2005
Last updated: October 5, 2009
Last verified: October 2009
  Purpose

Gouty diathesis describes uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and low urinary pH (<5.5). A hereditary component has been outlined for several forms of nephrolithiasis (such as hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, cystinuria, renal tubular acidosis), leading to the hypothesis of a genetic predisposition to nephrolithiasis. At the Unit of Nephrology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, more than 100 patients affected by gouty diathesis are followed. Fifty percent of them has a familiarity for kidney stones formation. The aim of our study is to identify the genetic factors that predispose to the development of nephrolithiasis in patients with gouty diathesis.


Condition Intervention
Nephrolithiasis
Other: Genetic analyses

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Genetic Study of Nephrolithiasis in Gouty Diathesis

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research:

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Whole blood on EDTA


Enrollment: 37
Study Start Date: May 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Patients with gouthy diathesis Other: Genetic analyses
Healthy subjects Other: Genetic analyses

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

INTRODUCTION Nephrolithiasis is a common disorder with a reported incidence of 12% in industrialized countries. The peak incidence is in ages 20s to 40s. Men are affected two to three times more often than women. Gouty diathesis describes uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis and low urinary pH (<5.5) in the absence of excessive gastrointestinal alkali loses or dietary animal protein excess. Hyperuricemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and a history of gouty arthritis may be present. Subjects with gout are singularly predisposed to stone formation. Persistent acidity of the urine is a common manifestation of primary gout, that may be accompanied by uric acid nephrolithiasis. In the presence of an increase in the concentration of uric acid in the urine, the formation of uric acid stones is further facilitated.

In the primary forms of nephrolithiasis the most important predisposing factors for kidney stones are: hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, hyperuricosuria, hypocitraturia, hypomagnesuria, high urinary sulfate, low urine volume, high urinary sodium, cystinuria, infection, persistently high or low urinary pH. A hereditary component has been outlined for several of these abnormalities, leading to the hypothesis of a genetic predisposition to nephrolithiasis. Pirastu and co-workers took advantage from a small, isolated population from Sardinia, characterized by a high prevalence of Uric Acid Nephrolithiasis (UAN). The disease shows familial clustering, although the transmission of UAN does not follow a simple mendelian inheritance pattern, suggesting that hereditary factors could play an important role in susceptibility to UAN. They found an association of UAN to a new gene, called ZNF365, and in particular to its variant Ala62Thr, making it a strong candidate predisposing factor.

At the Unit of Nephrology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, we follow at the moment 560 patients with nephrolithiasis of which more than 100 are affected by gouty diathesis. 50% of all patients with gouty diathesis has a familiarity for kidney stones formation.

Understanding of the genetic factors that contribute to the development of this disorder may lead to earlier diagnosis, thus allowing to identify, within a family, subjects that are at risk to develop nephrolithiasis before manifestation of the disease. These subjects may have access to counseling aimed at modifying their dietetic and sanitary attitudes and/or to pharmacological treatments in order to prevent the manifestation of the renal disease or to slow its progression.

AIM The study is aimed at identifying the genetic factors that predispose to the development of nephrolithiasis in patients with gouty diathesis.

DESIGN Fifteen consecutive unrelated patients with familial form of nephrolithiasis associated with gouty diathesis (at least two affected subjects within a family) will be recruited, within 3 years, through the stone clinic ambulatory of the Unit of Nephrology, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo.

All patients affected by gouty diathesis and their selected relatives will undergo to the following evaluations:

  • clinical history collection;
  • renal ultrasound examination, to confirm previous diagnoses and identify asymptomatic cases;
  • metabolic analyses, including:
  • blood collection in order to evaluate: urate, urea triglycerides, calcium, phosphate, creatinine, bicarbonate, sodium, potassium, chloride, glucose;
  • 24 hours urine collection in order to evaluate urate, calcium, phosphate, oxalate, citrate, urea, magnesium, sodium, chloride, creatinine, sulphate, ammonium; determination of urinary pH and titrable acidity; calculation of acid net excretion;
  • morning urine spot in order to evaluate volume, pH, calcium, uric acid, creatinine;
  • genetic analyses: 10 ml blood on EDTA to obtain DNA and 3 ml without anticoagulant to obtain serum from each subject will be collected.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 85 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Unrelated patients with familial form of nephrolithiasis associated with gouty diathesis (at least two affected subjects within a family).

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male and female, ≥ 10 years of age
  • uric acid or calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis
  • urinary 24 h pH < 5.5 in absence of high animal protein intake (urinary sulphate excretion <25 mM/24 h after one week of low animal protein intake)
  • familial history of kidney stones (at least two first or second degree family members affected)
  • written informed consent according to the Declaration of Helsinki guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • renal colic in the 4 weeks preceding evaluations
  • excessive gastrointestinal alkali loses
  • inability to fully understand the purposes of the study or to provide a written informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00149305

Locations
Italy
Clinical Research Center for Rare Diseases
Ranica, Bergamo, Italy, 24020
Sponsors and Collaborators
Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Erica Daina, MD Mario Negri Institute
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00149305     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GOUTY DIATESIS
Study First Received: September 7, 2005
Last Updated: October 5, 2009
Health Authority: Italy: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research:
Gouty diathesis
Acid uric nephrolithiasis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nephrolithiasis
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Urolithiasis

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 29, 2014