Hormone Ablation Therapy, Doxorubicin, and Zoledronate With or Without Strontium 89 in Treating Patients With Androgen-Dependent Prostate Cancer and Bone Metastases

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00081159
First received: April 7, 2004
Last updated: September 10, 2014
Last verified: September 2014
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Androgens can stimulate the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs such as goserelin and leuprolide may fight prostate cancer by stopping the adrenal glands from producing androgens. Drugs used in chemotherapy such as doxorubicin work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Zoledronate may prevent bone loss and stop the growth of tumor cells in bone. Radioactive substances such as strontium-89 may relieve bone pain associated with prostate cancer. It is not yet known whether hormone (androgen) ablation therapy and chemotherapy combined with zoledronate is more effective with or without strontium-89 in treating prostate cancer and bone metastases.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying giving hormone ablation therapy, doxorubicin, and zoledronate together with strontium-89 to see how well it works compared to hormone ablation therapy, doxorubicin, and zoledronate alone in treating patients with androgen-dependent prostate cancer and bone metastases.


Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Drug: Doxorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: Goserelin acetate
Drug: Leuprolide acetate
Drug: Zoledronic acid
Procedure: orchiectomy
Radiation: strontium chloride Sr
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase II Study Of Bone-Targeted Therapy In Advanced Androgen-Dependent Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to progression [ Time Frame: 4 week intervals, up to 6 months of treatment, then follow up until disease progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to progression defined as the duration of time from start of treatment to disease progression.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Major bone scan response [ Time Frame: Week 13 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 80
Study Start Date: July 2004
Primary Completion Date: September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: HAT, Doxorubicin, Zoledronate + Strontium chloride
Arm I: Hormonal ablative therapy (HAT) comprising luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (e.g., leuprolide or goserelin) continuously during study treatment OR bilateral orchiectomy; doxorubicin IV on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days for 2 courses; zoledronate IV over 15 minutes on day 1 every 28 days for 6 courses; and a single dose of strontium chloride Sr 89 IV over 1-2 minutes on day 1.
Drug: Doxorubicin hydrochloride
Doxorubicin 20 mg/m^2 is administered intravenously either over 15 to 30 minutes via a peripheral line or over 24 hours via a central line on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days for 2 cycles.
Other Names:
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • Adriamycin
  • Rubex
Drug: Goserelin acetate
Other Name: Zoladex
Drug: Leuprolide acetate
Other Name: Lupron Depot
Drug: Zoledronic acid
4 mg given intravenously over 15 minutes every 28 days for a total of 6 doses.
Other Names:
  • Zoledronate
  • Zometa
Procedure: orchiectomy Radiation: strontium chloride Sr
1 dose of strontium-89 (4 millicurie (mCi) total dose) administered intravenously on the first day of treatment
Other Names:
  • Sr-89
  • Strontium-89
  • Mestastron
Experimental: HAT, Doxorubicin + Zoledronate
Arm II: HAT, doxorubicin, and zoledronate as in arm I. HAT comprising luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (e.g., leuprolide or goserelin) continuously during study treatment OR bilateral orchiectomy; doxorubicin IV on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days for 2 courses; zoledronate IV over 15 minutes on day 1 every 28 days for 6 courses.
Drug: Doxorubicin hydrochloride
Doxorubicin 20 mg/m^2 is administered intravenously either over 15 to 30 minutes via a peripheral line or over 24 hours via a central line on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days for 2 cycles.
Other Names:
  • Adriamycin PFS
  • Adriamycin RDF
  • Adriamycin
  • Rubex
Drug: Goserelin acetate
Other Name: Zoladex
Drug: Leuprolide acetate
Other Name: Lupron Depot
Drug: Zoledronic acid
4 mg given intravenously over 15 minutes every 28 days for a total of 6 doses.
Other Names:
  • Zoledronate
  • Zometa
Procedure: orchiectomy

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • Compare the clinical efficacy of hormonal ablative therapy combined with doxorubicin and zoledronate with or without strontium chloride Sr 89, in terms of progression-free survival, in patients with androgen-dependent prostate cancer and bone metastases.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to the number of bony metastases (≤ 6 versus > 6). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive hormonal ablative therapy comprising luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist (e.g., leuprolide or goserelin) continuously during study treatment OR bilateral orchiectomy. Patients also receive doxorubicin intravenously (IV) on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days for 2 courses; zoledronate IV over 15 minutes on day 1 every 28 days for 6 courses; and a single dose of strontium chloride Sr 89 IV over 1-2 minutes on day 1.
  • Arm II: Patients receive hormonal ablative therapy, doxorubicin, and zoledronate as in arm I.

In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 3 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients (40 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 20 months.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically or cytologically confirmed prostate carcinoma.
  2. Osteoblastic metastases on bone scan or computed tomography (CT) scan.
  3. Initiation of hormonal ablative therapy within 3 months of registration.
  4. Prior neoadjuvant, concurrent, or intermittent hormonal ablative therapy of less than 3 years duration and completed at least 3 years prior to entry into this study.
  5. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <3 (Karnofsky >40%)
  6. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined: leukocytes: >3,000/mL; absolute neutrophil count: >1,500/mL; platelets: >100,000/mL; total bilirubin within normal institutional limits; alanine transaminase (ALT)(SGPT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(SGOT): <2.5 * institutional upper limit of normal; creatinine: < or = 3.0; left ventricular ejection fraction: >45%
  7. The effects of strontium-89 and zoledronic acid on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown. Even though all patients are castrated during this study, men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should the spouse of a patient become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she/he should inform the treating physician immediately.
  8. Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. More than one prior chemotherapy regimen. Prior doxorubicin treatment is permitted. However patient's with >250 mg/m2 cumulative dosage are excluded.
  2. Prior radioisotope treatment consisting of strontium-89 or samarium-153.
  3. Zoledronic acid treatment for more than 3 months duration prior to registration. Other bisphosphonate treatments are permitted.
  4. Corrected serum calcium level less than 8 mg/dL.
  5. Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents.
  6. Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  7. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to zoledronic acid or other agents used in the study
  8. Patients with the following atypical presentations should have a biopsy: those with small cell carcinoma, purely lytic bone metastases, or bulky (i.e. 5 cm) visceral or nodal disease in the absence of bone involvement are not eligible.
  9. Symptomatic bulky lymphadenopathy causing scrotal or pedal edema or significant local invasive disease in bladder invasion.
  10. History of other malignancies other than nonmelanoma skin cancer, unless in complete remission and off therapy for that disease for at least 5 years.
  11. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, history of congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  12. Because patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with strontium-89 or other agents administered during the study. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated.
  13. Evidence or suspicion of myelodysplastic syndrome by complete blood test (CBC) must be confirmed by bone marrow biopsy.
  14. Untreated symptomatic spinal cord compressions.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00081159

Locations
United States, Florida
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at Orlando
Orlando, Florida, United States, 32806-2134
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Texas
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
United States, Wisconsin
CCOP - Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation
Marshfield, Wisconsin, United States, 54449
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigators
Study Chair: Shi-Ming Tu, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00081159     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2003-0922, MDA-2003-0922, NCI-6459, NCI-2009-00062, CDR0000360625, 2 U10 CA45809-17
Study First Received: April 7, 2004
Last Updated: September 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
recurrent prostate cancer
stage IV prostate cancer
bone metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Leuprolide
Goserelin
Androgens
Zoledronic acid
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014