Irinotecan and Cytarabine in Treating Patients With Refractory or Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia or Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by:
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00053144
First received: January 27, 2003
Last updated: March 7, 2011
Last verified: March 2011
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of combining irinotecan with cytarabine in treating patients who have refractory or recurrent acute myeloid leukemia or chronic myelogenous leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Irinotecan And Cytarabine In Refractory or Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia And In Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia In Myeloid Blast Transformation: Efficacy And In Vitro Correlates

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:

Study Start Date: November 1999
Study Completion Date: March 2003
Primary Completion Date: February 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Determine the activity of irinotecan and cytarabine in patients with refractory or recurrent acute myeloid leukemia or chronic myelogenous leukemia in myeloid blast transformation.
  • Determine the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.
  • Determine the maximum tolerated dose of irinotecan in this regimen in these patients.
  • Correlate the clinical activity of this drug with cellular endpoints associated with DNA synthesis inhibition, DNA repair, induction of apoptosis, and drug resistance in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of irinotecan.

Patients receive irinotecan IV over 90 minutes and cytarabine IV over 60 minutes on days 1-6. Courses repeat every 4 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of irinotecan until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. An additional 9 patients with refractory/relapsed acute myeloid leukemia and 9 patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia in myeloid blast transformation are treated at the MTD.

Patients are followed for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-36 patients will be accrued for this study within 2.5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (M0-M7)

    • De novo or secondary disease

      • Previously treated and refractory to prior therapy (which has included high-dose cytarabine and an anthracycline)
    • Antecedent hematologic disorders allowed OR
  • Histologically confirmed Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia in myeloid blast transformation

    • Treated or untreated
    • Blast transformation defined by at least 20% blasts in marrow and/or blood
    • Myeloid lineage defined by immunophenotyping

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 15 and over

Performance status

  • 0-3

Life expectancy

  • At least 4 weeks

Hematopoietic

  • See Disease Characteristics

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin less than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • SGOT less than 2 times ULN

Renal

  • Creatinine less than 1.5 times ULN

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No other concurrent serious medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude study consent

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior chemotherapy for an antecedent malignancy or other medical condition allowed

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • Prior radiotherapy for an antecedent malignancy or other medical condition allowed

Surgery

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00053144

Locations
United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Investigators
Study Chair: Maria R. Baer, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Maria Baer, Roswell Park Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00053144     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000269286, P30CA016056, RPCI-RPC-9901
Study First Received: January 27, 2003
Last Updated: March 7, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
Philadelphia chromosome positive chronic myelogenous leukemia
secondary acute myeloid leukemia
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
relapsing chronic myelogenous leukemia
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Cytarabine
Irinotecan
Camptothecin
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014