Chemotherapy in Treating Children With Liver Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003912
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: December 3, 2013
Last verified: December 2000
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which chemotherapy regimen is more effective in treating children with liver cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to study the effectiveness of cisplatin with or without doxorubicin and the effectiveness of combining cisplatin, carboplatin, and doxorubicin in treating children who have liver cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Liver Cancer
Drug: carboplatin
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Procedure: conventional surgery
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Liver Tumour Studies - Hepatoblastoma and Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Tumor response [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Complete resection rate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Event-free survival [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Response rate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Resection rate [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 260
Study Start Date: June 1998
Study Completion Date: October 2009
  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the efficacy of cisplatin with or without doxorubicin in terms of tumor response, complete resection rate, overall survival, and event free survival in children with standard risk hepatoblastoma.
  • Compare the toxicity of cisplatin with or without doxorubicin in this patient population.
  • Evaluate whether an intensive multiagent regimen including carboplatin, cisplatin, and doxorubicin improves the response rate to chemotherapy and subsequent resection rate of children with high risk hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular carcinoma.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. All hepatoblastoma patients are intended to be treated with primary chemotherapy. Hepatoblastoma patients are stratified by risk (standard vs high).

Patients receive cisplatin IV over 24 hours on day 1, beginning within 15 days of diagnosis. Standard risk patients are then randomized to one of two treatment arms. High risk hepatoblastoma patients and hepatocellular carcinoma patients receive a separate multiagent regimen.

  • Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 24 hours and doxorubicin IV over 48 hours beginning on day 15. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a maximum of 5 courses. Tumor response is evaluated prior to the second course. Patients with responsive disease receive the remaining 2 courses of the preoperative phase, then undergo delayed primary surgery if their tumors are deemed resectable, prior to receiving 2 additional courses of chemotherapy. Patients whose tumors are still unresectable after 3 courses receive 2 more courses of chemotherapy, then undergo surgery if feasible. Patients with stable disease are considered for radical surgery or salvage chemotherapy. Patients with unresectable tumors after 5 courses may be considered for liver transplant or salvage chemotherapy.
  • Arm II: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 24 hours every 15 days for a maximum of 5 additional courses. Tumor response is evaluated after the second course. Patients with responsive disease receive another 2 courses of cisplatin. Patients with resectable tumors after 4 courses undergo delayed primary surgery, then receive 2 more courses of cisplatin. Patients whose tumors are still unresectable after 4 courses receive 2 more courses of cisplatin, then undergo surgery if their tumors are resectable. Patients with stable disease may be moved to the high risk regimen or considered for radical surgery. Patients with unresectable tumors after 6 courses may be considered for liver transplant or salvage chemotherapy.

Patients with high risk hepatoblastoma or unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma receive cisplatin IV over 24 hours on days 29, 57, and 85, and carboplatin IV over 1 hour followed by doxorubicin IV over 48 hours on days 15, 43, and 71. Patients with responsive resectable disease undergo surgery either after day 43 or within 3 weeks of day 85 of preoperative chemotherapy, then receive another 2 courses of carboplatin and doxorubicin on days 1 and 29 post surgery, and one more course of cisplatin on day 15 post surgery, for a total of 5 courses each. Patients with responsive but unresectable disease after day 85 also receive 2 more courses of carboplatin and doxorubicin alternating with 1 course of cisplatin. Definitive surgery will be re-considered after these further courses of chemotherapy. Patients with stable disease at day 43 or a tumor that remains unresectable after completion of chemotherapy may be considered for liver transplant.

Patients with a resectable hepatocellular carcinoma have primary surgery followed by alternating courses of cisplatin, and carboplatin and doxorubicin for a total of 4 courses of cisplatin and 3 courses of carboplatin and doxorubicin.

Patients are followed every 2-3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 1 year, then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 170-260 patients (85-130 patients per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study over 5.5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven hepatoblastoma or hepatocellular carcinoma

    • Diagnostic surgical biopsy strongly recommended for all patients and mandatory for the following:

      • Children under 6 months of age
      • Children over 3 years of age
      • Patients with a normal serum alfa-fetoprotein (alfa-FP)
    • Compatible imaging and raised serum alfa-FP level mandatory if no biopsy performed
  • Standard risk disease:

    • Tumors involving no more than 3 hepatic sections
    • No extrahepatic abdominal disease
    • No metastases
  • High risk disease:

    • Tumors involving all 4 hepatic sections AND/OR
    • Evidence of extrahepatic metastases or abdominal disease
  • Presence or absence of metastatic disease must be documented by chest x-ray and/or lung CT scan

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 16 and under at diagnosis

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • Not specified

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • Prior surgery allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003912

Locations
Italy
Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova
Padova, Italy, 35128
Sponsors and Collaborators
Societe Internationale d'Oncologie Pediatrique
Investigators
Study Chair: Giorgio Perilongo, MD Azienda Ospedaliera di Padova
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Brock P, Shafford E, Brugieres L, et al.: Metastatic hepatoblastoma (HB) treated with a dose intensive multiagent chemotherapy regimen, results from the second study of the Childhood Liver Tumour Strategy Group of the International Society of Pediatric Oncology- SIOPEL 2. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-1603, 2002.
Perilongo G, Shafford E, Brugieres L, et al.: Cisplatin (CDDP) alone and delayed surgery, an effective treatment for standard risk (SR) hepatoblastoma (HB), the most relevant finding of the SIOPEL2. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-1571, 2002.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003912     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067091, SIOP-SIOPEL-3, EU-98067, UKCCSG-LT-1998-01
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: December 3, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage I childhood liver cancer
stage II childhood liver cancer
stage III childhood liver cancer
stage IV childhood liver cancer
recurrent childhood liver cancer
childhood hepatoblastoma
childhood hepatocellular carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Liver Neoplasms
Hepatoblastoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Liposomal doxorubicin
Cisplatin
Doxorubicin
Carboplatin
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 11, 2014