A Study of Cidofovir in HIV-Infected Children With Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Disease

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000881
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: February 16, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
  Purpose

Part A: To determine the safety and pharmacokinetics of sequential single doses of cidofovir in HIV-infected children with end-organ cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease. Part B: To determine the safety (including time to progression of CMV retinitis by retinal exam), pharmacokinetics, and long-term (6 months) tolerance of multiple-dose cidofovir in HIV-infected children with CMV retinitis. Part B: To determine the effect of multiple-dose cidofovir on the virologic parameters of CMV retinitis (viral load, shedding, and resistance to antiviral agents).

[AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98: To determine the safety, tolerance and pharmacokinetics of sequential single doses of cidofovir in HIV-infected children with CMV retinitis. To determine the safety (including time to progression of CMV retinitis by retinal exam), pharmacokinetics, and long-term (6-month) tolerance of multiple doses of cidofovir in HIV-infected children with CMV retinitis.] While the intravenous formulation of cidofovir has been approved for the treatment of CMV retinitis in HIV-infected individuals, information is limited regarding its safety and tolerance in HIV-infected children. Intravenous cidofovir requires less frequent administration for both induction and maintenance therapy of CMV retinitis than other currently available therapies. If found to be safe and well tolerated in HIV-infected children with CMV retinitis, intravenous cidofovir would add significantly to agents available to treat this debilitating opportunistic infection.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
HIV Infections
Drug: Cidofovir
Drug: Probenecid
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study of Cidofovir for HIV-Infected Children With Invasive CMV (Cytomegalovirus) Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Enrollment: 0
Detailed Description:

While the intravenous formulation of cidofovir has been approved for the treatment of CMV retinitis in HIV-infected individuals, information is limited regarding its safety and tolerance in HIV-infected children. Intravenous cidofovir requires less frequent administration for both induction and maintenance therapy of CMV retinitis than other currently available therapies. If found to be safe and well tolerated in HIV-infected children with CMV retinitis, intravenous cidofovir would add significantly to agents available to treat this debilitating opportunistic infection.

In this two-part study, patients are stratified by age (3 months to < 2 years versus 2 years to < 13 years). In Part A, 8 patients (4 per cohort) receive a single intravenous dose of cidofovir with concurrent probenecid. If 1 patient in a cohort experiences life-threatening grade 3/4 toxicity, accrual for that cohort is stopped. If 1 patient in a cohort experiences non-life-threatening grade 3/4 toxicity, 2 additional patients are entered in that cohort. A second dose of cidofovir may be studied in Part A based on the pharmacokinetic and safety data obtained with the initial dose. Patients who complete Part A of the study without serious toxicity may be treated in Part B.

In Part B, 12 patients (8 in the older cohort and 4 in the younger cohort) receive maintenance therapy with cidofovir at the dose established in Part A. Patients who complete 6 months of treatment in Part B may continue therapy until all patients have completed the study. NOTE: For patients who require induction or reinduction, cidofovir is given weekly for 2 weeks before initiating the Part B regimen.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98: Each subject receives sequential single doses of intravenous cidofovir, with a 2-week interval between doses and with concurrent probenecid. If the single doses prove safe and well tolerated and individual pharmacokinetic profiles are acceptable, subjects proceed to multi-dosing cidofovir given every 2 weeks for 6 months beginning 14-21 days after the second single dose. Subjects remain on intravenous or oral ganciclovir for treatment of CMV retinitis until they enter the multi-dosing phase of the study. Subjects who require reinduction during the multi-dosing phase receive intravenous cidofovir once weekly for 2 weeks before resuming the every-2-weeks regimen. Patients are stratified by age (3 months to < 2 years vs. 2 years to < 13 years), with 4 patients entered in the younger cohort and 8 in the older. In the younger age cohort, if 1 patient experiences life- or vision-threatening grade 3/4 toxicity or 2 experience non-life-threatening grade 3/4 toxicity, the age cohort will stop. If 1 patient experiences non-life-threatening grade 3/4 toxicity, 2 additional patients will be enrolled in this age cohort. In the older age cohort, if 1 patient experiences severe life- or vision-threatening toxicity or 2 experience serious, non-life-threatening toxicities, enrollment for both cohorts will be suspended while safety data are reviewed. If 2 of the 8 patients experience severe, non-life-threatening toxicity, enrollment may continue.]

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 13 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Ganciclovir therapy (for patients on Part A).[AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98:

Ganciclovir required during sequential single-dose phase.]

  • Antiretroviral medications, including protease inhibitors.
  • Antibacterials except for aminoglycosides.
  • IVIG.
  • Antihistamines, antiemetics, and acetaminophen.

Patients must have:

  • Documented laboratory evidence of HIV-1 infection as demonstrated by:

< 18 months of age:

  • a positive viral culture and a second confirmatory test (from a later date) of either a positive viral culture, p24 antigen, or PCR. Confirmatory tests must be completed at an ACTG certified laboratory.

>= 18 months of age:

  • criteria as stated for < 18 months or 2 positive tests for HIV antibody obtained after 18 months of age (drawn from two different dates). HIV antibody tests must be determined by a federally licensed ELISA. One of the two positive HIV antibody tests must be confirmed by any of the confirmatory tests (Western blot or IFA).

Part A:

  • End-organ CMV disease documented by histopathologic diagnosis or by compatible clinical disease with positive CMV culture and/or CMV PCR and the need to administer anti-CMV agents as determined by the patient's physician.

Part B:

  • CMV retinitis documented by retinal exam and requiring anti-CMV agents as determined by the patient's physician. Patients with CMV retinitis who successfully complete Part A without significant toxicity are eligible to participate in Part B.
  • Signed, informed consent from a parent or legal guardian for patients < 18 years of age.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98:

  • Documented active or inactive CMV retinitis (by retinal examination) and the need to administer anti-CMV agents as determined by the subject's physician. Subjects may be receiving either induction or maintenance ganciclovir at entry (such therapy must be completed prior to proceeding to the multi-dosing phase).]

Prior Medication:

Required:

  • Ganciclovir therapy upon entry (for patients in Part A).

Allowed:

  • Ganciclovir therapy upon entry (for patients in Part B). NOTE: Patients in Part B will not be allowed to receive concomitant CMV therapy once study drug is started.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98:

  • Patients are required to receive ganciclovir during the sequential single-dose phase but must not receive concurrent CMV therapy once the multi-dosing phase is initiated.]

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions are excluded:

  • Acute infections requiring treatment during the study period.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Cancer chemotherapeutic agents. [AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98:Anti-cancer therapy prohibited during multi-dosing phase.]

Excluded within 7 days prior to enrollment:

  • Foscarnet therapy.
  • Drugs known to cause nephrotoxicity such as amphotericin B, aminoglycosides, vancomycin, or IV pentamidine.
  • Other local or systemic anti-CMV medications (except concomitant ganciclovir for patients treated on Part A).

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Previous hypersensitivity reaction to probenecid and/or serious allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylactic reaction, hypotension, laryngospasm, exfoliative dermatitis) to sulfa-containing medications.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 1/7/98:

  • Pre-existing uveitis/iritis as determined by slit-lamp exam.
  • Intraocular pressure < 4 mm Hg prior to enrollment.]
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000881

Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Dankner W
Study Chair: Spector S
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000881     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 352, 11321
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: February 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Antiviral Agents
cidofovir

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communicable Diseases
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
HIV Infections
Infection
DNA Virus Infections
Eye Diseases
Eye Infections
Eye Infections, Viral
Herpesviridae Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retinal Diseases
Retinitis
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Cidofovir
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiviral Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014