The Treatment With HBIG+GM-CSF+HBV Vaccine for Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With HBeAg Seroconversion

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified July 2013 by Beijing 302 Hospital
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fu-Sheng Wang, Beijing 302 Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01878565
First received: June 12, 2013
Last updated: July 23, 2013
Last verified: July 2013

June 12, 2013
July 23, 2013
June 2013
December 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
the rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroconversion [ Time Frame: At week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01878565 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • The rates of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) negative [ Time Frame: At Baseline and at week 4, 12, 24, 36 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • the decreased levels of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) [ Time Frame: At Baseline and at week 4, 12, 24, 36 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of participants with adverse events as a measure of safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: at baseline and up to week 48 week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • The frequency of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific T cells [ Time Frame: At baseline and at week 4, 12, 24, 36 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The frequency of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific B cells [ Time Frame: At baseline and at week 4, 12, 24, 36 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • liver hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels [ Time Frame: At baseline and week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
  • plasma hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA load [ Time Frame: At Entry and at Weeks 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV) serum markers (HBsAg, HBsAb, HBeAg, HBeAb, HBcAb) [ Time Frame: At baseline and at week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
 
The Treatment With HBIG+GM-CSF+HBV Vaccine for Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With HBeAg Seroconversion
The Treatment With Nucleoside Analogues in Combination With HBIG+GM-CSF+HBV Vaccine for Chronic Hepatitis B Patients With HBeAg Seroconversion: a Phase I/II, Single-blind, Randomized, GM-CSF-controlled Trial

The host immunity has been generally recognized as the main factors to determine the outcome of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection; however, previous studies have shown that HBV-specific T cell and B cell function are exhausted in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Recently, It is suggested that hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) may play a key role in the immune tolerance or immune exhaustion. Anti-HBV immune responses are partially recovered when patients achieved hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion during antiviral therapy, and can be nearly recovered during HBsAg seroconversion. However, it is still difficult to achieve the ideal terminal, HBsAg seroconversion. For this reason, immunotherapy would be helpful to enhance the anti-HBV immunity and acquire higher HBsAg seroconversion. Here, the investigators propose a hypothesis that hepatitis B immune globin (HBIG)+granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)+HBV vaccine can enhance anti-HBV immune responses and improve HBsAg seroconversion in CHB patients who has achieved HBeAg seroconversion using nucleoside analogues treatment.

The host immunity has been generally recognized as the main factors to determine the outcome of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Previous studies have shown that HBV-specific T cell and B cell function are exhausted in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. Interestingly, these impaired T and B cell functions could be partially restored by antiviral treatment, but this recovery seemed to be uncompleted even if long-term HBV suppression and HBeAg seroconversion. Recently, several emerging evidences have indicated that HBV-specific immune responses could be nearly recovered after hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) seroconversion. This phenomenon suggest that HBsAg may play a key role in the immune tolerance or immune exhaustion. Indeed, our recent studies have found that the patients with HBsAg seroconversion display an HBV-specific T and B cell responses. Thus, the amount of HBsAg may serve as a possible mechanism for evading the host immune response, while anti-HBs antibody and HBV specific-T cell responses provide protective immunity.

HBsAg was the Nobel prize discovery that identified HBV about 40 years ago; to this day HBsAg remains the hallmark of overt HBV infection. HBsAg synthesis during the HBV viral life cycle is complex, and typically occurs at the endoplasmic reticulum. The envelope open reading frame (ORF) contains pre-surface 1 (preS1), pre-surface 2 (preS2), and ORF-S domains and envelope proteins are generated from two HBV messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) transcripts, with subsequent translation resulting in small (ORF-S), medium (pres2 + ORF-S) and large surface envelope proteins (preS1 + preS2 + ORF-S). These are also known as large (L), medium (M) and small (S) surface proteins, respectively. However, HBsAg production far exceeds that required for virion assembly, and excess surface envelope proteins are secreted as non infectious filamentous or spherical sub-viral particles, which exceed virions by a variable factor of 102-105 and can accumulate up to concentrations of several hundred micrograms per milliliter of serum. These data suggested that sAg mainly derive from sub-viral particles, and the decline of serum HBsAg means reduction of covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) transcription and mRNA translation but not HBV replication. Recently, several studies suggest a new potential role of quantitative serum HBsAg in the prediction of virological response to antiviral therapy, at least in pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) treated patients. In natural history of chronic HBV infection, HBsAg levels differ significantly during the 4 phases of HBV infection and decline progressively from immune tolerance (IT) (5 log IU/ml) to low replication (LC) (3 log IU/ml), while HBsAg/HBV-DNA ratios are significantly higher in LC as compared to all the others patients. These data suggested that the quantitative HBsAg may be a promising prognostic marker during the natural history of HBV-infection and during antiviral therapy. Thus, the loss of HBsAg and the development of anti-HBs antibodies (HBsAg-seroconversion) is the ultimate goal of anti-HBV therapy.

CHB patients would achieve HBV DNA replication inhibition, glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (ALT) normalization and hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion after treatment with antiviral therapy. In addition, the antiviral immunity would be improved during the this process. However, it is difficult for these patients to clear HBsAg and reach the idea terminal. The major reasons are the presence of HBsAg and HBV-specific immunity was impaired. For this reason, immunotherapy would be helpful to enhance the anti-HBV immunity and acquire higher HBsAg seroconversion rate. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether and how immunotherapy ie. HBIG+GM-CSF+HBV vaccine improve the rate of HBsAg seroconversion. This study will also focus on the tolerance and safety of this treatment in CHB patients.

Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment arms:

Arm A: Participants will receive 48 weeks of nucleoside analogs (NAs) treatment combined with 24-week treatment with hepatitis B immune globin (HBIG)+granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)+HBV vaccine.

Arm B: Participants will receive 48 weeks of NAs treatment combined with 24-week treatment with saline placebo.

All of patients will be treated continuously with NAs for 48 weeks in combination with HBIg+GM-CSF+HBV vaccine treatment or saline placebo for first 24-week and then followed-up for other 24-week. In treatment period (24 weeks), the treatment of HBIg+GM-CSF+HBV vaccine will be given four times in week 0, 4, 12 and 24. At each time of treatment, the patients will be hospitalized and treated with 800 unit of HBIG intramuscularly at day 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4, and were treated with 75 μg of GM-CSF subcutaneously at day 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and finally were injected 20μg of HBV vaccine subcutaneously at day 6. This approach allow that the initial HBIG injection possibly reduces HBsAg, then antigen-presenting cells are activated by GM-CSF treatment, and finally HBV vaccine is used to priming APC to induce HBV-specific immune responses. In control group, the patients will received GM-CSF as control at each time. After treatment has been initialized, the participants will be asked to come to the clinic on weeks 4, 12, 24, 36 and 48. At each visit participants will receive enough study treatment to last until the next visit. Each visit will last between 2 and 3 hours. At most visits participants will have a physical exam, answer questions about any medications they are taking and how they are feeling, and have blood drawn for safety and efficacy and HBsAg quantization. Some additional blood will also be stored for HBV-specific T cell and B cell responses. At some visits participants will be asked questions about their medication and medical history, have pupils dilated, have a hearing test, and have an electrocardiogram (EKG). Some visits will require participants to arrive fasting. Pregnancy tests may also be conducted so as to avoid some participants who is able to become pregnant or if pregnancy is suspected.

Interventional
Phase 1
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Hepatitis B
  • Drug: Drug
    Given four times in week 0, 4, 12 and 24. At each time of treatment, the patients will be hospitalized and treated with 800 unit of HBIG intramuscularly at day 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4, then were treated with 75 μg of GM-CSF subcutaneously at day 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and finally were injected 20 μg of HBV vaccine subcutaneously at day 6.
    Other Name: treatment group
  • Drug: GM-CSF control
    Given four times in week 0, 4, 12 and 24. At each time of treatment, the patients will be hospitalized and treated with saline placebo intramuscularly or subcutaneously at day 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
    Other Name: drug control
  • Experimental: Drug treatment
    Drug: Given four times in week 0, 4, 12 and 24. At each time of treatment, the patients will be hospitalized and treated with 800 unit of HBIG intramuscularly at day 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4, then were treated with 75 μg of GM-CSF subcutaneously at day 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6, and finally were injected 20μg of HBV vaccine subcutaneously at day 6.
    Intervention: Drug: Drug
  • GM-CSF control
    GM-CSF was given four times as control in week 0, 4, 12 and 24. At each time of treatment, the patients will be hospitalized and treated with GM-CSF intramuscularly or subcutaneously at day 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
    Intervention: Drug: GM-CSF control

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
40
July 2015
December 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. chronic hepatitis B patients with HBeAg seroconversion (eAg negative and eab positive)
  2. age 18-50, male or female
  3. HBsAg positive for at least 6 months, quantitative HBsAg <1000 IU/ml (Abbott Diagnostic, Wiesbaden, Germany)
  4. HBeAg positive CHB patients who have received NAs (lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, entecavir, alone or in combination) treatment and achieved HBeAg seroconversion (HBeAg-, HBeAb+), HBV DNA<40 IU/ml and ALT normalization and maintained for at least 6 months.
  5. Urine pregnancy test is negative in gestational age female subjects before enrollment, who can take effective contraceptive measures and agree to contraception during treatment and follow-up period.
  6. Enrolled subjects should understand and sign the informed consent and comply with the requirement of the research before study.
  7. Enrolled subjects should agree not to participate in other studies, and not to accept other immunomodulatory therapy during the study. Other treatments such as corticosteroids should be informed timely

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Be allergic to HBIG, GM-CSF and HBV vaccine.
  2. Coinfected with other virus. Any positive for anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV), anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), anti-hepatitis D virus (HDV), anti-hepatitis E virus (HEV) and anti-HIV.
  3. Advanced cirrhosis or Child-Pugh 7 scores or above.
  4. Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, high myopia, history of epilepsy.
  5. Other causes of liver disease, such as autoimmune liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, nonalcoholic liver disease, drug-induced liver disease and other unknown causes of chronic liver diseases.
  6. Associated with other serious organic disease, mental illness, including any uncontrolled urinary, respiratory, circulation, nervous, digestive, endocrine, spirit, immune system diseases and tumor.
  7. Suspected liver cancer or alpha feto protein (AFP) > 100ng/ml.
  8. Neutrophil count < 2.5×109/L, or hemoglobin < 100g/L, or platelet < 80×109/L.
  9. Pregnant or lactating women.
  10. Allergic constitution, allergy history for blood products, known allergy to experimental drugs.
  11. Alcohol or drug addiction, drug use history evidence within one year before enrolled in the study.
  12. Received immunosuppressive or other immune modulators (including thymosin) or systemic cytotoxic drug 6 months before enrolled in the study.
  13. Incompliance during antiviral therapy.
  14. Enrolled in other clinical trials at present, and possible to be against the treatment and observation index.
  15. Unable or unwilling to provide informed consent or fails to comply with the requirements of the study.
  16. Other serious conditions that may hamper clinical trials.
Both
18 Years to 50 Years
No
Contact: Fu-Sheng Wang, M.D. 86-10-63879735 fswang302@163.com
China
 
NCT01878565
Beijing302-009, yes
Yes
Fu-Sheng Wang, Beijing 302 Hospital
Beijing 302 Hospital
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Fu-Sheng Wang, M.D. Research Center for Biotherapy
Beijing 302 Hospital
July 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP