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Effects of a Cranberry Beverage on Women With Recent History of Urinary Tract Infections

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Biofortis Clinical Research
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01776021
First received: January 23, 2013
Last updated: November 18, 2013
Last verified: November 2013

January 23, 2013
November 18, 2013
January 2013
May 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The primary outcome variable will be UTI incidence density, defined as the semi-annualized number of UTIs in each group, adjusted for susceptible time under observation. [ Time Frame: six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01776021 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Time from randomization to first clinical UTI. Time from randomization to first clinical UTI w/ pyuria. Time from randomization to first clinical UTI w/ microbiological verification. The fraction of subjects w/ one or more episode(s) of clinical UTI. [ Time Frame: six months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Effects of a Cranberry Beverage on Women With Recent History of Urinary Tract Infections
A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial to Assess the Effects of a Cranberry Beverage on Women With Recent History of Urinary Tract Infections

The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of a cranberry juice beverage on rates of Urinary tract infection (UTI) recurrence in women with a history of UTI.

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the second most common infection of any organ system and the most common urological disease in the United States, with a total annual cost of more than $3.5 billion. Although UTIs can occur in both men and women, they are about 50 times more common in adult women than adult men. It is estimated that 25% of women diagnosed with a primary UTI will suffer a recurrence within two to three months. While no universal definition has been accepted, recurrent UTI is usually defined as three episodes in the last 12 months or two episodes in the last six months following initial infection. In an estimated 75 to 95% of cases of uncomplicated UTI, Escherichia coli (E. coli) is the underlying cause.

Cranberries have historically been associated with urinary tract health, but only recently has the biologic plausibility of cranberry use in the prevention of UTI been addressed. Current research suggests that A-type proanthocyanidins, a specific class of polyphenolic compounds found uniquely abundant in cranberries, inhibit adhesion of bacteria (including multidrug resistant E.coli) to cultured epithelial cells of the urinary tract.

This study will compare the effects of a cranberry juice beverage vs placebo on rates of UTI recurrence in women with a history of UTI.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Urinary Tract Infections
  • Infection
  • Urologic Diseases
  • Other: cranberry juice
    cranberry juice beverage at a dose of one 8 oz. beverage per day for six months
  • Other: placebo beverage
    placebo beverage at a dose of one 8 oz. beverage per day for six months
  • Active Comparator: cranberry juice
    cranberry juice beverage at a dose of one 8 oz. beverage per day for six months
    Intervention: Other: cranberry juice
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    placebo beverage at a dose of one 8 oz. beverage per day for six months
    Intervention: Other: placebo beverage
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
330
August 2014
May 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has had at least 2 episodes of a UTI treated by a healthcare professional in the last year and at least 1 treated UTI within the last 6 months.
  2. Subject is willing to avoid listed Vaccinium products (including cranberry juice, cranberries, craisins, blueberries, cranberry/blueberry powders, pills, or supplements, probiotics) for 2 weeks prior to enrollment and throughout intervention.
  3. Subject agrees to avoid probiotic dietary supplements for 2 weeks prior to enrollment and throughout intervention.
  4. Subject agrees to limit all probiotic-containing foods/yogurt and yogurt-containing products to no more than an 8 oz serving/d within 2 weeks prior to enrollment and throughout intervention.
  5. Subject is willing to limit all soda, pop or energy drinks (diet or regular sweetened) to < 20 oz/d within 2 weeks prior to and throughout intervention.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has an in-dwelling catheter, polycystic disease, interstitial cystitis, previous urological surgery, stones, or anatomical abnormalities of the urinary tract, spinal cord injury, immuno-compromised conditions, severe renal impairment, or multiple sclerosis.
  2. Subject has a history of antibiotic prophylaxis use for UTI. A 2-week washout period prior to enrollment will be allowed.
  3. Subject has a body mass index (BMI) >40.0 kg/m2.
  4. Subjects with diabetes mellitus and HbA1C >8.0% prior to enrollment.
  5. Subject has diabetes mellitus treated with insulin.
  6. Subject has an active infection or sign/symptoms of an infection (i.e., including a UTI).
  7. Subject has used oral anti-coagulants within the last 4 weeks.
  8. Subject has a history or presence of cancer in the prior two years, except for nonmelanoma skin cancer.
  9. Subject is pregnant, planning to be pregnant during the study period, lactating, or is of childbearing potential and is unwilling to commit to the use of a medically approved form of contraception throughout the study period.
Female
20 Years to 70 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01776021
PRV-1201
No
Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.
Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.
Biofortis Clinical Research
Study Director: Kevin Maki, PhD Biofortis Clinical Research
Ocean Spray Cranberries, Inc.
November 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP