A Phase I Study: PET Imaging of Cancer Patients Using [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified March 2014 by Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01697930
First received: September 26, 2012
Last updated: March 24, 2014
Last verified: March 2014

September 26, 2012
March 24, 2014
September 2012
September 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
pharmacokinetic profiles [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The trial-design follows standard guidelines on collecting pharmacokinetic (PK) data for investigational radioactive drugs.1, 29-36 Animal [18F] 4-L-of [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R). Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) PK data provided a basis for the trial design. Sampling time-points were chosen (1) by anticipated exponential PK; with (2) allometry-based interspecies extrapolation of time-scales.37 As data is available from the first patients, suitability of the time-points will be re-examined. Blood samples will be centrifuged and the plasma pipetted, weighed and counted to determine the plasma time activity concentration curves (% injected dose/liter), as well as for metabolite analysis of the [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) compound (by radio-HPLC or other fit-forpurpose methodology).
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01697930 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • metabolism [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Blood samples will be centrifuged and the plasma pipetted, weighed and counted to determine the plasma time activity concentration curves (% injected dose/liter), as well as for metabolite analysis of the [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) compound (by radio-HPLC or other fit-forpurpose methodology).
  • bio distribution [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    These data will be obtained in the form of serial PET imaging to detect and quantify changes [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) biodistribution at multiple time-points, as well as serial venous blood-assays. Our PET scans are routinely corrected for attenuation and scatter and adjusted for system sensitivity and provide quantitative images of the tracer concentration within the imaging field of view, which is often reported in terms of standardized uptake values (SUV) (= μCi found/gm tissue / μCi injected/gm body mass).
  • radiation dosimetry [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OLINDA 1.1 software, an FDA-approved radiation-dosimetry software package42, 43 will be used to obtain absorbed dose & effective dose measurements. In brief, this entails its automated application of the MIRD formalism to the experimental time-integrated activity coefficients, with dose-factor values defined by standard isotope data and a hermaphroditic anthropomorphic model.34, 36, 38, 44 . OLINDA implements conventional biokinetic models of the urinary bladder and gastrointestinal tract to account for the dosimetric contribution of radioactive excreta.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
A Phase I Study: PET Imaging of Cancer Patients Using [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R)
A Phase I Study: PET Imaging of Cancer Patients Using [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R)

This is a Phase I study. This study is the first time that a new experimental drug called 18FFluoroglutamine, or F-Glutamine, is being used in people. F-Glutamine is a drug designed to be used with PET scanners that can 'see' where F-Glutamine goes in the body, after its injected. PET scanners are one of the kinds of scanners you normally find in a hospital radiology department. The researchers have found that tumors in animals absorb F-Glutamine. The researchers believe that scans with F-Glutamine might be able to find tumors in patients.

This first in-human study is being done to see how long F-Glutamine lasts in the blood, when it is given to people in tiny amounts by an injection, and to see where F-Glutamine goes in the body. If the results of this trial are good, then the study doctors plan to use F-Glutamine in another trial to see if scans with F-Glutamine are better for finding tumors compared to the standard types of scans that doctors use.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 1
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
  • Solid Malignancy
  • Lymphoma
Drug: [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R)
Thirty cancer patients will receive an injection of a 0.5 to 15 mCi of [18F] 4-LFluoroglutamine (2S,4R) , followed by serial PET/CT scanning and blood draws, (at the disrection of the investigator) over a period of 3.5 hours, on a single day. At the discretion of the investigator, scan 3 can be waived. Immediately prior to injection of the radiotracer, a blood sample will be obtained for measurement of serum glutamine level. The serum glutamine level will be assayed, if necessary, as part of an amino acid screen assay.
Experimental: [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R)
This pilot, first in-human microdose PET trial of the positron-emitting agent [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) will be an open-label study. The [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) agent will be administered by bolus intravenous injection. In all study patients, the pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and biodistribution of [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) will be evaluated by non-invasive blood- and PET-based assays, at multiple time points (see Table 1,) during one day. At the discretion of the investigator, scan 3 can be waived.
Intervention: Drug: [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R)
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
30
September 2015
September 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with history of histologically-confirmed solid malignancy and/or lymphoma (histology confirmed by MSKCC Department of Pathology.) Disease measurable or evaluable as defined by RECIST 1.1 or other tumor response criteria from an MSKCC IRB-approved clinical research protocol. NOTE: Study patients do not need to be participating in an MSKCC approved clinical trial prior to study recruitment.
  • Age between 21-90
  • Negative serum pregnancy test for female patients of childbearing age and potential (as defined by MSKCC Standards & Guidelines), from assays obtained <2 weeks prior to study enrollment. Patients will be advised against having unprotected sexual intercourse from the time of the negative serum pregnancy test until after completing their participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability or refusal to have at least one peripheral intravenous line for intravenous access (as applicable to the day of [18F] 4-L-Fluoroglutamine (2S,4R) injection and blood draws.)
  • Breast-feeding
  • Refusal or inability to tolerate the scanning procedure (e.g., due to claustrophobia)
  • Hepatic: from assays obtained <2 weeks prior to study enrollment For each patient, the upper limit of normal (ULN) value for a particular assay will be defined by the normal reference values of the laboratory that performed the assay.
  • Bilirubin > 1.5 x (ULN)
  • AST/ALT >2.5 x ULN
  • Albumin < 3 g/dl
  • GGT > 2.5 x ULN IF Alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 x ULN.
  • Renal: Creatinine >1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min, from assays obtained <2 weeks prior to study enrollment
  • Acute major illness (e.g., unstable cardiovascular condition, etc.)
  • Patients with diabetes mellitus that are taking diabetes medication at the time of the study
Both
21 Years to 90 Years
No
Contact: Mark Dunphy, D.O. 212-639-8131
Contact: David Kelsen, MD 646-888-4179
United States
 
NCT01697930
12-168
Not Provided
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Mark Dunphy, D.O. Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
March 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP