A Prospective Study Comparing Single and Multiport Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair (SILSTEP)
|First Received Date ICMJE||July 31, 2012|
|Last Updated Date||March 18, 2013|
|Start Date ICMJE||December 2011|
|Primary Completion Date||January 2013 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Conversion to multiport or open operation [ Time Frame: during operation ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
This refers to whether any single port procedure needs to be converted to multiports or open procedure. This is quite a normal process as a proportion of multiport procedures are converted to open procedures for safety reasons.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01660048 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||A Prospective Study Comparing Single and Multiport Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair|
|Official Title ICMJE||Prospective Randomized Single Blind Controlled Study Comparing Single and Multiport Laparoscopic Total Extraperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair|
Since laparoscopic inguinal hernia was introduced in 1990, it has now become the most commonly performed hernia repair in NSW. Traditionally this is done with 3 small incisions: a 2 cm incision under the navel for insertion of the camera and two 1 cm incisions below the navel for insertion of trocars into which dissecting instruments are inserted to perform the repair. Although this method has been shown to be relatively safe and efficient there are reports of bowel and vascular injuries from the insertion of the smaller trocars which are usually sharp. These can cause serious injuries.
Since 2009, a newer method of performing the key hole repair has been developed. This involves placing a special single port under the navel via a 2-2.5cm incision and into which 3 blunt trocars are inserted. This negates the risks of injuries from sharp trocars. In addition the fact that only a single incision is used this could potentially result in less pain, reduced incidence of wound complications including infection and improved cosmetic results.
However these potential advantages have not been proven in rigorous clinical studies as the single port technique is still relatively new. It is hoped that this study will prove that the single port technique is at least as effective and efficient as the conventional technique in the cure of hernias and may have additional benefits as enumerated above.
Neither you nor your surgeon will know which procedure (three port or single port hernia repair) until you are already asleep in the operating room and a random number selecting process will automatically assign you to one procedure or the other. Sometimes it is not possible to perform the single port safely in which case your procedure will be converted to a three ports procedure.
All patients having surgical treatment of groin hernia at Holroyd Private Hospital are subject to very careful assessment and study. All patients are requested to report immediately if there are any problems. Any problems would normally be reported to your treating surgeon who has primary responsibility for your care. Problems can be reported directly to Holroyd Private Hospital. Any information in your medical records is subject to stringent confidentiality requirements. The hospital is bound by the Australian Privacy Council Charter as regards confidentiality and privacy.
This study will compare the Laparoscopic TEP repair of inguinal/femoral hernias using the traditional three ports and the newer single port techniques.
Laparoscopic hernia repair was first introduced in 1990. The uptake rate was slow to start off with such that in 1994 only 9.7% of all inguinal hernias were performed laparoscopically However, in 2009, the figure now stands at 40% Australia-wide. (www.medicareaustralia.gov.au). Indeed, in NSW this figure stands at 48%, which means that it is the commonest operation performed for inguinal hernias in this State.
Up to 2009, the laparoscopic hernia repair involves the insertion of 3 ports: 10mm port in the infra-umbilical region for the camera via a 2 cm incision and 2 x 5mm working ports usually in the midline for the dissecting instruments via 2 x 10mm incisions. These ports are called secondary trocars which are usually sharp. Their insertion has the potential to cause bowel and vascular injuries.
The European Hernia Society guidelines (www.herniaweb.org) on the treatment of inguinal hernias have shown (conventional) endoscopic techniques to be associated with higher rates of port-site hernias and visceral injuries especially during the learning curve period.
A recent study of 37,000 gynaecological laparoscopies in the US showed a bowel injury rate of 0.16%; a third of these led to the death of the patients. 22% of all bowel injuries resulted from the insertion of secondary trocars (www.danaise.com/vascular_and_bowel_injuries_duri.htm).
Another report from a large hernia centre in the US showed that in the first 300 transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repairs 2 bowel injuries (and one bladder injury) were observed. Indeed, when these investigators changed the technique to a TEP repair they also observed 2 bowel injuries (and one bladder injury) in the first 300 TEP repairs. (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11178763)
Therefore bowel and vascular injuries during laparoscopic surgery are real but they are often under reported.
Single incision laparoscopic surgery, where all the instruments are placed in a single port, has the primary aim of preventing vascular and bowel injury through the use of completely blunt trocars. The first case of laparoscopic TEP repair was reported in 2009. Since then there have only been a handful of reports.
The principle author, Dr Hanh Tran, has been performing single incision laparoscopic hernia repair since October 2009. To date, he has performed in excess of 100 cases with excellent results in terms of success of the cure of hernias (no recurrence has been observed in any of these patients although the follow-up has only been up to 1 year), no complications including wound infection, high patient satisfaction and excellent cosmetic results.
However Dr Tran's experience is at best an audit. The highest level of scientific evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of one procedure versus another comes from a prospective randomised controlled study where two procedures are compared and the patients (with their informed consent) will undergo either procedure in a random (blind) fashion.
It is proposed that 100 patients will be enrolled into the study with 50 patients in each arm of the study ie 50 patients will undergo TEP repair using the conventional three ports and 50 with the single port technique.
The TEP inguinal hernia repair is exactly the same in both procedures except in the single port technique only one (1.5-2cm) infra-umbilical incision is required. While the first 100 cases were performed with the SILS (TM) port this required a relatively larger infraumbilical incision. The availability of the Triport (TM) allows an equally small if not smaller infraumbilical incision and this would be suited to all patients rather than those with a naturally large umbilicus. Over 180 TEP inguinal hernia repairs were performed with the Triport before the commencement of the trial to ensure that the learning curve has been truly passed. Therefore the use of the Triport allows for just one inconspicuous incision compared to three incisions for the conventional multiport inguinal hernia repair with possible improved cosmetic results.
The main disadvantage of the single port technique is the relative loss of triangulation and the principle author has shown that this can be overcome with the use of a longer and smaller laparoscope (of which Holroyd Private Hospital has bought two specifically for this purpose), different dissecting techniques and with increased experience. Therefore, if a surgeon is not experienced with this technique the operation and its success can be compromised by inadequate dissection. The author (who has performed nearly 2000 TEP repairs over the past 10 years) believes that the learning curve for single port TEP hernia repair for a highly experienced TEP surgeon is around 25-50 ie after this number the operation time will approach that of the standard three ports TEP repair. He has performed in excess of 100 Single Port Incision Laparoscopic hernia repairs over the past year. Therefore the success of the operation for patients in either arm of the study will not be compromised by lack of experience.
The follow up of these patients will be no different to those followed up under the protocol of the Sydney Hernia Clinic. This is a standard follow up and is consistent with normal clinical practice.
In summary, the goals are simple. (i) To perform laparoscopic TEP inguinal hernia repair using either the conventional three ports or single port technique; (ii) To assess the efficacy of the newer single port technique in a rigorous scientific manner; (iii) To report any unexpected problems or complications; (iv) To follow up patients treated laparoscopically to ensure that the single port technique has as good results as or better in terms of cure of hernia (absence of recurrence of the hernia) and less complications and better cosmetic results as that which is achieved when the traditional 3-ports technique is used.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Not Provided|
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Condition ICMJE||Inguinal Hernia|
|Study Arm (s)||
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Completed|
|Completion Date||March 2013|
|Primary Completion Date||January 2013 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||16 Years to 86 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Contacts ICMJE||Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Australia|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01660048|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||HTranSILStrial, Holroyd Private Hospital|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Responsible Party||Dr Hanh Minh Tran, The Sydney Hernia Specialists Clinic|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||The Sydney Hernia Specialists Clinic|
|Collaborators ICMJE||University of Sydney|
|Information Provided By||The Sydney Hernia Specialists Clinic|
|Verification Date||March 2013|
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