Comparison Between Lamivudine and Entecavir Treatment in Patients (NUC115132)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified February 2013 by Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sheng-Shun Yang, Taichung Veterans General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01627223
First received: June 18, 2012
Last updated: February 18, 2013
Last verified: February 2013

June 18, 2012
February 18, 2013
July 2012
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Overall survival (OS) rate during observational period [ Time Frame: day 0、3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3、85±7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
To compare the overall survival (OS) rate during observational period between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01627223 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change from baseline in HBV DNA level at each visit [ Time Frame: Change from baseline (day0) to day 3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare the change from baseline in HBV DNA level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  • Proportion of subjects with HBV DNA response at each visit [ Time Frame: day 0、3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare the proportion of subjects who have a ≥ 2 log10 decline from baseline in HBV DNA level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  • Change from baseline in ALT and AST level at each visit [ Time Frame: Change from baseline (day0) to day 3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare the change from baseline in ALT and AST level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  • Change from baseline in bilirubin level at each visit [ Time Frame: Change from baseline (day0) to day 3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare the change from baseline in bilirubin level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  • Proportion of subjects with prolonged PT at each visit [ Time Frame: day 0、3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare the proportion of subjects with prolonged prothrombin time (PT) at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  • Transplantation-free survival rate during observational period [ Time Frame: day 0、3、5、8±2、15±3、22±3、29±3、85±7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To compare the transplantation-free survival rate during observational period between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  • To assess the safety of lamivudine and entecavir treatments in patients with HBV-associated severe acute exacerbation. [ Time Frame: day 0 to day 85±7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    1. Change in laboratory data
    2. Adverse events
    3. Serious adverse events (SAE)
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Comparison Between Lamivudine and Entecavir Treatment in Patients
Comparison Between Lamivudine and Entecavir Treatment in Patients With Spontaneous Severe Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Hepatitis B.

This is a prospective, observational, open-label, 2-arm, parallel, multi-center study. Patients with HBV-associated severe acute exacerbation for whom the treatment with NRTI (such as lamivudine and entecavir) is medically recommended will be screened for eligibility. To target 88 evaluable subjects, approximately 98 patients should be recruited into this trial. After enrollment, all eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to one of the antiviral treatments below.

  • Cohort 1: Lamivudine 100 mg p.o. q.d.
  • Cohort 2: Entecavir 0.5 mg p.o. q.d. This process will be stratified by prolonged PT, < 4 sec / 4-6 sec / > 6 sec. Both lamivudine and entecavir will be taken once daily and the first dose of observational drug should be administered on Day 1. The observational period of individual subject will be 12 weeks; however, both treatments could be continued after the end of study based on physician's clinical judgment.

The efficacy and safety data will be collected at baseline, 3, 5, 8, 15, 22, 29 and 85 days after initiation of antiviral treatment. All assessments should be conducted based on routine practice of each hospital. Only the analysis of HBV DNA and anti-HDV will be performed in the central lab. For patients who are willing to provide the residual samples of HBV DNA assessment, the blood samples will be preserved appropriately. All AE(s) and SAE will be followed until resolution or the event is considered stable.

The study is to compare treatment response of lamivudine and entecavir in patients with spontaneous severe acute exacerbation of chronic hepatitis B.

1. Primary objective:

• To compare the overall survival (OS) rate during observational period between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.

2. Secondary objectives:

  1. To compare the change from baseline in HBV DNA level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  2. To compare the proportion of subjects who have a ≥ 2 log10 decline from baseline in HBV DNA level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  3. To compare the change from baseline in ALT and AST level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  4. To compare the proportion of subjects with prolonged prothrombin time (PT) at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  5. To compare the change from baseline in bilirubin level at each visit between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  6. To compare the transplantation-free survival rate during observational period between lamivudine and entecavir therapy.
  7. To assess the safety of lamivudine and entecavir treatments in patients with HBV-associated severe acute exacerbation.

Statistical method(s) for safety/efficacy evaluations:

  1. The major analysis will be performed according to the principal of intent-to-treat population; the safety evaluation will be performed according to the safety population.
  2. For primary endpoint, the time to event will be analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method and summarized as the number of observations, number of censored, median time point estimate and the 95% CI for median.
  3. Secondary efficacy endpoints:

1. Change from baseline in HBV DNA level at each visit 2. Proportion of subjects with HBV DNA response* at each visit

  • Defined as a ≥ 2 log10 decline from baseline HBV DNA level. 3. Change from baseline in ALT level at each visit 4. Change from baseline in AST level at each visit 5. Proportion of subjects with prolonged PT* at each visit
  • PT at each visit will also be assessed. 6. Change from baseline in bilirubin level at each visit 7. Transplantation-free survival rate during observational period Continuous variables will be analyzed using two-sample t-test/ Wilcoxon Rank Sum test, and categorical variables will be analyzed Chi-squared/ Fishers' exact test. Descriptive statistics including mean, standard deviation, median, minimum, maximum, 95% confidence interval will be also presented. Categorical variables will be summarized by counts and percentage in frequency table. In addition, the time to event will be analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method.

    (4) The summary results of laboratory at the baseline and the end of study visit, the change from baseline to end of study visit will be summarized by descriptive statistics and paired t-test will be used under significant level 0.05.

    (5) Adverse events will be coded with MedDRA and a summary frequency table of adverse events will be provided. The severity and relationship to study medication of adverse events will be summarized as well. Furthermore, if any serious adverse event had occurred, the brief summary about serious adverse event will be described and listed in tables.

    (6) All statistical tests will be two-side and evaluated at the 0.05 level of significance.

Interventional
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Hepatitis B
  • Drug: Lamivudine

    Lamivudine 100 mg p.o. q.d.

    This process will be stratified by prolonged PT, < 4 sec / 4-6 sec / > 6 sec. Both lamivudine and entecavir will be taken once daily and the first dose of observational drug should be administered on Day 1. The observational period of individual subject will be 12 weeks; however, both treatments could be continued after the end of study based on physician's clinical judgment.

    Other Name: Zeffix®
  • Drug: Entecavir

    •Entecavir 0.5 mg p.o. q.d

    This process will be stratified by prolonged PT, < 4 sec / 4-6 sec / > 6 sec. Both lamivudine and entecavir will be taken once daily and the first dose of observational drug should be administered on Day 1. The observational period of individual subject will be 12 weeks; however, both treatments could be continued after the end of study based on physician's clinical judgment.

    Other Name: Baraclude®
  • Experimental: Lamivudine 100 mg p.o. q.d.

    To target 88 evaluable subjects, approximately 98 patients should be recruited into this trial. After enrollment, all eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to one of the antiviral treatments below.

    • Cohort 1: Lamivudine 100 mg p.o. q.d.
    • Cohort 2: Entecavir 0.5 mg p.o. q.d.

    This process will be stratified by prolonged PT, < 4 sec / 4-6 sec / > 6 sec. Both lamivudine and entecavir will be taken once daily and the first dose of observational drug should be administered on Day 1. The observational period of individual subject will be 12 weeks; however, both treatments could be continued after the end of study based on physician's clinical judgment.

    Intervention: Drug: Lamivudine
  • Experimental: Entecavir 0.5 mg p.o. q.d

    To target 88 evaluable subjects, approximately 98 patients should be recruited into this trial. After enrollment, all eligible subjects will be randomly assigned to one of the antiviral treatments below.

    • Cohort 1: Lamivudine 100 mg p.o. q.d.
    • Cohort 2: Entecavir 0.5 mg p.o. q.d.

    This process will be stratified by prolonged PT, < 4 sec / 4-6 sec / > 6 sec. Both lamivudine and entecavir will be taken once daily and the first dose of observational drug should be administered on Day 1. The observational period of individual subject will be 12 weeks; however, both treatments could be continued after the end of study based on physician's clinical judgment.

    Intervention: Drug: Entecavir
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
98
December 2013
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female ≥ 20 years of age
  2. HBsAg carrier with spontaneously severe acute exacerbation for whom the treatment with nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) such as lamivudine and entecavir is medically recommended
  3. Patients who fulfills all of the following criteria at screening:

    • documented HBsAg positive for at least 6 months or anti-HBc IgM negative
    • HBV DNA ≥ 2,000 IU/mL*

      * The blood sample will be collected at screening visit, but this criterion will be checked after obtaining lab result. For patients fulfill all other criteria, they can be enrolled immediately.

    • total bilirubin ≥ 2 mg/dL or prolonged prothrombin time (PT) ≥ 3 sec
    • serum ALT ≥ 10 x ULN
  4. Patient with sufficient renal function defined as SCr ≤ 1.5 x ULN or ClCr ≥ 50 mL/min
  5. Willing and able to sign a written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Female who is pregnant/lactating
  2. Patient with underlying liver cirrhosis classified as Child-Pugh class B or C
  3. Patients with documented hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis D virus (HDV) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection
  4. Patients with uncontrolled malignancy
  5. History or presence of alcohol or substance abuse within 1 year prior to the initiation of NRTI treatment
  6. History of hypersensitivity to any ingredient of observational drugs (Zeffix® or Baraclude®)
  7. Current use of medicine which may induce hepatotoxicity
  8. Use of any antiviral therapy for HBV, such as interferon-α (IFN-α) and other nucleotide/nucleoside analogues, within 6 months prior to the initiation of NRTI treatment or exposure to any treatment for more than 3 months
  9. Use of any chemotherapy or immunosuppressive agents within 12 months prior to the initiation of NRTI treatment
  10. Use of any investigational product, including drug and invasive medical device, within 4 weeks prior to the initiation of NRTI treatment
  11. Patient with any medical or psychiatric condition, including the presence of significant abnormal laboratory values, which is considered not suitable for this study by investigator
Both
20 Years and older
No
Contact: Sheng-Shun Yang, M.D. 886-4-23592525 ext 3309 yansh@vghtc.gov.tw
Contact: Teng-Yu Lee, M.D. 886-4-23592525 ext 3301 tylee@vghtc.gov.tw
Taiwan
 
NCT01627223
NUC115132
No
Sheng-Shun Yang, Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Taichung Veterans General Hospital
GlaxoSmithKline
Principal Investigator: Sheng-Shun Yang, M.D. Taichung Veterans General Hospital
Principal Investigator: Yu-Chun Hsu, M.D. Changhua Christian Hospital
Principal Investigator: Shih-Jer Hsu, M.D. National Taiwan University Hospital Yu-Lin Branch
Principal Investigator: Hsueh-Chou Lai, M.D. China Medical University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Chun-Che Lin, M.D. Chung Shan Medical University Hospital
Principal Investigator: Jen-Chieh Huang, M.D. ChengChing Hospital
Principal Investigator: Chi-Yi Chen, M.D. Chia-Yi Christian
Principal Investigator: Tsung-Ming Chen, M.D. Tung's Taiching MetroHarbor Hospital
Taichung Veterans General Hospital
February 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP