Colistin and Rifampicin for MDR-Acinetobacter (CoRAb)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Federico II University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Riccardo Utili, Second University of Naples
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01577862
First received: April 10, 2012
Last updated: April 12, 2012
Last verified: April 2012

April 10, 2012
April 12, 2012
November 2008
August 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
All cause mortality [ Time Frame: 30 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
The study primary outcome is patient overall mortality, defined as death occurring during hospitalisation or within 30 days from randomization.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01577862 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Disease-specific death [ Time Frame: 30 days after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Disease-specific death or A. baumannii infection-related death is defined as death occurring in the presence of persistent signs and symptoms of A. baumannii infection (persistent pneumonia, septic shock) and/or when it occurs within the first week of antibiotic treatment without any other clear explanation.
  • Microbiological eradication [ Time Frame: 30 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Microbiological eradication is defined as the disappearance of A. baumannii in cultures from blood, bronchial aspirate, urines and drainage fluids.
  • Hospitalization length [ Time Frame: From admission to hospital discharge, an average of 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Hospitalization length is calculated as days in the hospital as well as days in the intensive care unit since diagnosis of A. baumannii infection.
  • Emergence of resistance to colistin [ Time Frame: From day 1 to the end of study evaluation, 30 days after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Emergence of resistance is defined as the detection during treatment of an A. baumannii isolate showing resistance to colistin (MIC >2 mg/l).
  • Toxicity [ Time Frame: From day 1 to the end of treatment evaluation, performed between day 10 and day 21 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Renal toxicity is defined as decrease of creatinine clearance below 50 ml/min or >50% reduction in the creatinine clearance relative to the baseline. Hepatic toxicity is defined as increase of direct bilirubin above 3 mg/dl.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Colistin and Rifampicin for MDR-Acinetobacter
Randomised, Open-Label Clinical Trial on The Efficacy of Colistin Plus Rifampicin Treatment Versus Colistin Alone for Severe Infections Due to Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter Baumannii

Acinetobacter baumannii causes severe infections (pneumonia, bacteremia, organ space) with high lethality in hospitalised critically ill patients. It can acquire resistance to all classes of antibiotics (multidrug resistance, MDR) except an 'old' drug, colistin, which may be the only therapeutic option. However, colistin is not registered for this indication. The addition of rifampicin to colistin has been shown to be synergistic in vitro, and may be promising in vivo, but this combination has not been studied in comparison with colistin alone.

The purpose of this randomised, open-label, multicentre clinical trial is to assess whether the association of colistin and rifampicin reduces significantly the mortality of patients with severe MDR A. baumannii infections compared with colistin alone.

The trial will enroll 210 patients from intensive care units (ICU) of five tertiary care hospitals where MDR A. baumannii infection is endemic with epidemic phases. Patients will be randomly allocated to either colistin alone (control arm) or colistin plus rifampicin (experimental arm).

Primary end point is overall mortality, defined as death occurring within 30 days from randomisation.

Secondary end points will be disease-specific death, microbiological eradication, hospitalization length, emergence of resistance to colistin during treatment.

This study is designed as a multicentre open-label, parallel randomised, controlled trial. Patients will be randomly allocated to two treatment arms: 1) colistin alone (control arm); 2) colistin, plus rifampicin (experimental arm). The study will be carried out over 2 years according to the principles of good clinical practice.

The study population is represented by adult hospitalised patients with severe nosocomial infections due to multi-drug resistant A. baumannii, susceptible to colistin. It will be performed in intensive or sub-intensive care units of 5 Italian clinical centres where MDR A. baumannii infection is endemic with epidemic phases. All adult subjects, irrespective of age, will be included in the study, thus also elderly subjects will be eligible. Large eligibility criteria are warranted by the pragmatic approach of the study, the severe prognosis of these patients and the lack of effective alternative treatments.

Enrollment procedure: At the time of A. baumannii isolation, inclusion and exclusion criteria will be checked by the pertinent centre.

Once obtained the informed consent, subjects will be randomized to treatment. No patient may be enrolled in a centre before the formal approval of the Ethics Committee of that Institution.

Accrual time: according to the sample size estimate (see below) and based on the current incidence of MDR A. baumannii severe infections of 12-14 cases per month in the five participating centres, the accrual time will last approximately 18 months to achieve the planned sample size.

Severe infections include hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), bloodstream infection, intra-abdominal infection or other organ-space infections.

Multi-drug resistant A. baumannii is defined as clinical isolates resistant to carbapenems and to all other antimicrobial drug classes, except colistin, irrespective of rifampicin activity.

Severity of illness is assessed by the SAPS II score. This will be considered low or high according to a SAPS II score below/equal to or higher than 40, respectively.

Patients will be randomly allocated into two treatment arms: 1) colistin alone, 2 million units every 8 hours intravenously or according to renal function (control arm); 2) colistin, 2 million units every 8 hours intravenously or according to renal function, plus rifampicin, 600 mg every 12 hours intravenously (experimental arm).

Treatment will be administered for at least 10 days and up to a maximum of 21 days. Duration of treatment will be established by the physician in charge. The end of treatment (EoT) evaluation will be performed the day of treatment discontinuation. The end of study (EoS) (follow-up) evaluation will be performed 30 days after randomization.

Treatment will be discontinued in the following instances: clinical cure with or without microbiological eradication; occurrence of significant renal or liver toxicity; patient death. Throughout the study, patients will receive routine intensive care support by the physician in charge according to standard diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines.

Clinical cure is defined by disappearance of symptoms and signs of infection, irrespective of A. baumannii eradication at the site of infection. Therapeutic failure is defined as worsening or no improvement of clinical conditions on therapy with persistently positive A. baumannii cultures.

Renal and liver function will be monitored by daily measurements of creatinine, aminotransferase and direct bilirubin serum levels.

Drug dosages will be adjusted according to renal and liver function. Renal toxicity is defined as decrease of creatinine clearance below 50 ml/min or >50% reduction in the creatinine clearance relative to the baseline. Hepatic toxicity is defined as increase of direct bilirubin above 3 mg/dl.

Surveillance cultures from the original source of isolation (blood, bronchial aspirate, urines or drainage fluids) will be obtained on admission and repeated weekly, or whenever clinically needed, during and after treatment to monitor persistence versus eradication of A. baumannii at the infected site. In vitro activity of colistin and rifampicin will be checked against all A. baumannii repeat isolates to detect development of resistance. Identification and antibiotic susceptibility of A. baumannii isolates will be performed at each centre using an automated system. Species identification will be confirmed by molecular biology.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Infection Due to Resistant Bacteria
  • Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated
  • Hospital Acquired Pneumonia
  • Infection of Bloodstream
  • Infectious Disease of Abdomen
  • Drug: Colistin
    2 million units every 8 hours intravenously for at least 10 and up to a maximum of 21 days
    Other Name: Sodium colistimethate
  • Drug: Rifampicin
    600 mg every 12 hours intravenously
    Other Name: Rifampin
  • Active Comparator: Colistin
    Colistin alone, 2 million units every 8 hours intravenously or according to renal function
    Intervention: Drug: Colistin
  • Experimental: Colistin plus Rifampicin
    Colistin, 2 million units every 8 hours intravenously or according to renal function, plus Rifampicin, 600 mg every 12 hours intravenously
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Colistin
    • Drug: Rifampicin
Durante-Mangoni E, Signoriello G, Andini R, Mattei A, De Cristoforo M, Murino P, Bassetti M, Malacarne P, Petrosillo N, Galdieri N, Mocavero P, Corcione A, Viscoli C, Zarrilli R, Gallo C, Utili R. Colistin and rifampicin compared with colistin alone for the treatment of serious infections due to extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: a multicenter, randomized clinical trial. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Aug;57(3):349-58. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit253. Epub 2013 Apr 24.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
210
October 2011
August 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • clinical and microbiological evidence of a severe infection due to multi-drug resistant A. baumannii during hospitalization
  • susceptibility of the A. baumannii isolate to colistin (MIC < or =2 mg/l).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • age below 18 years
  • treatment with one of the study drugs prior to the diagnosis of A. baumannii infection
  • severe liver dysfunction
  • history of prior hypersensitivity to the study drugs
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Not Provided
 
NCT01577862
FARM7X9F8K
Yes
Riccardo Utili, Second University of Naples
Second University of Naples
Federico II University
Principal Investigator: Riccardo Utili, MD Second University of Naples
Second University of Naples
April 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP