Reminiscence Therapy on Depression, Self Esteem, Life Satisfaction, and Loneliness of the Elderly

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified May 2012 by Chinese Academy of Sciences
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Li Juan, Chinese Academy of Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01553669
First received: March 6, 2012
Last updated: May 14, 2012
Last verified: May 2012

March 6, 2012
May 14, 2012
October 2011
September 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Change in depression using the Geriatric Depression Scale(GDS) [ Time Frame: the 6th and 18th week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01553669 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change in self esteem using the Self-Esteem Scale (SES) [ Time Frame: the 6th and 18th week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change in life satisfaction using the Life Satisfaction Index A (LSI-A) [ Time Frame: the 6th and 18th week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change in loneliness using Russell's UCLA Loneliness Scale [ Time Frame: the 6th and 18th week ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Reminiscence Therapy on Depression, Self Esteem, Life Satisfaction, and Loneliness of the Elderly
The Effects of Reminiscence Therapy on Depression, Self Esteem, Life Satisfaction, and Loneliness of the Elderly in China

The primary hypothesis is, comparing with the control group, reminiscence therapy is significantly and clinically effective to improve the experiment group's depressive symptoms after six weeks therapy, and the efficacy can be maintained on the three months follow-up.

The secondary hypothesis is, comparing with the control group, reminiscence therapy significantly reduce the loneliness and increase the self-esteem and life satisfaction of the experiment group.

The subjects who are arranged to the experiment group will be intervened using the reminiscence therapy manual proposed by Watt and Cappeliez (2000). According to the manual, the group consisted of six weekly sessions of 90 min each. During each weekly session, the memories recalled focused on a different theme.

Data collection will occur on screening (as for baseline or pre-test), after intervention immediately (as for post-test), and three months after the intervention (as for follow-up). And outcome measures use standardized instruments with demonstrated validity and reliability:

Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) Rosenberg self-esteem scale (SES) Life Satisfaction Index A (LSI-A) Russell's UCLA Loneliness Scale

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Depression
Behavioral: reminiscence therapy
The subjects who are arranged to the experiment group will be intervened using the reminiscence therapy manual proposed by Watt and Cappeliez (2000). According to the manual, the group consisted of six weekly sessions of 90 min each. There will be about four people in each subgroup. During each weekly session, the memories recalled focused on a different theme.
Other Name: life review
  • Experimental: reminiscence therapy
    Reminiscence therapy is a method of using the memory to protect mental health and improve the quality of life.
    Intervention: Behavioral: reminiscence therapy
  • No Intervention: Control group
    The participants assigned to the waiting-list as the control group will be treated as before. After the intervention period, we will conduct reminiscence therapy on them if they ask for.
Chen TJ, Li HJ, Li J. The effects of reminiscence therapy on depressive symptoms of Chinese elderly: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. BMC Psychiatry. 2012 Nov 5;12:189. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-12-189.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
60
September 2012
September 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. 60 years of age and older;
  2. A score above 10 and lower than 26 on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS);
  3. A score of 24 or higher on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE);
  4. Not taking anti-depressant medication or taking part in other psychotherapy when enrolling, if taking anti-depressant medication, must be stabilized on that medication for at least three months;
  5. Having no problem with communication (such as, can speak fluent mandarin, or if he/she speaks a dialect, his/her dialect can be understood by most of people).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Suicide attempt;
  2. A diagnosis of cognitive impairment by DSM-Ⅳ, or mental disorders other than depression;
  3. Alcohol or drug abuse;
  4. Cannot grantee attending the therapy at a weekly base due to physical impairment, lack of time or unwilling etc.
Both
60 Years and older
No
Contact: Tingji Chen, master (086)18610249921 Chentj@psych.ac.cn
China
 
NCT01553669
2009BAI77B03
Yes
Li Juan, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Juan Li, PhD Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Ctr Ageing Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth
Chinese Academy of Sciences
May 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP