The INtegrilin Plus STenting to Avoid Myocardial Necrosis Trial (INSTANT)

This study has been terminated.
(The study was stopped prematurely due to slow enrolment without code breaking.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Giuseppe Biondi Zoccai, University of Turin, Italy
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01454440
First received: October 6, 2011
Last updated: October 18, 2011
Last verified: October 2011

October 6, 2011
October 18, 2011
October 2007
October 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Abnormal CK-MB level post-PCI [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
The primary end point will be the rate of elevated post-procedural peak CK-MB mass ratio values (ie above the upper limit of normal [ULN], eg 1.01*ULN, according to each participating hospital laboratory).
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01454440 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
The INtegrilin Plus STenting to Avoid Myocardial Necrosis Trial (INSTANT)
A RANDOMIZED TRIAL COMPARING EPTIFIBATIDE AND PLACEBO IN PATIENTS WITH DIFFUSE CORONARY DISEASE UNDERGOING DRUG-ELUTING STENTING

Patients with stable coronary artery disease, undergoing PCI by means of implantation of >33 mm of DES, will be randomized single-blinded to eptifibatide plus unfractioned heparin according to the ESPRIT protocol vs placebo plus unfractioned heparin.

BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of several potent antithrombotic agents, the optimal antiplatelet regimen in elective patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary interventions is still debated. Aim of the INtegrilin plus STenting to Avoid myocardial Necrosis Trial (INSTANT) will be to assess the safety and efficacy of routine usage of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor eptifibatide in subjects already treated with aspirin and clopidogrel, and undergoing implantation of at least 2 drug-eluting stents in the same lesion, thus identifying a clinically stable but anatomically complex patient subset.

DESIGN: This will be a single-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter randomized trial METHODS: Patients with stable coronary artery disease, undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by means of implantation of >33 mm of DES (eg with two 23-mm DES, or one 32-mm and one 12-mm DES), will be randomized, after administration of aspirin and clopidogrel (600 mg loading dose recommended), to eptifibatide and unfractioned heparin according to the ESPRIT protocol vs placebo and unfractioned heparin. Blood draws for CK-MB mass, total CK and cardiac troponin levels will be taken at baseline, 6 and 12 hours post-procedurally. Patients will be followed for clinical events by direct visit or phone contact up to 6 months. The primary end-point of the study will be the rate of abnormal post-PCI CK-MB mass values. Secondary end-points will be: the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), urgent target vessel revascularization (TVR), and thrombotic bailout GpIIb/IIIa inhibitor therapy within 180 days, and in-hospital, 1-month and 6-month major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal MI, or urgent TVR.

IMPLICATIONS: The INSTANT Study will test for the first time the beneficial impact of routine GpIIb/IIIa inhibition on top of double oral antiplatelet treatment in clinically stable yet anatomically complex patients undergoing DES-implantation. Results of this single-blind randomized trial will provide important insights to improve the management strategy of patients and outcomes in the current DES era.

Interventional
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Coronary Artery Disease
Drug: Eptifibatide
Intravenous eptifibatide (double bolus [180 microg/kg] followed by infusion [2 microg/kg per minute] for 18 to 24 hours after the procedure) vs placebo.
  • Experimental: Eptifibatide
    Intravenous eptifibatide (double bolus [180 microg/kg] followed by infusion [2 microg/kg per minute] for 18 to 24 hours after the procedure).
    Intervention: Drug: Eptifibatide
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Intervention: Drug: Eptifibatide
Biondi-Zoccai G, Valgimigli M, Margheri M, Marzocchi A, Lettieri C, Stabile A, Petronio AS, Binetti G, Bolognese L, Bellone P, Sardella G, Contarini M, Sheiban I, Marra S, Piscione F, Romeo F, Colombo A, Sangiorgi G. Assessing the role of eptifibatide in patients with diffuse coronary disease undergoing drug-eluting stenting: the INtegrilin plus STenting to Avoid myocardial Necrosis Trial. Am Heart J. 2012 May;163(5):835.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2012.02.009.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
91
October 2009
October 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male or female able to understand and sign a witnessed informed consent,
  • age ≥ 18 years
  • patients with stable (Canadian Cardiovascular Society I-IV) or unstable angina pectoris (but with the most recent anginal episode occurring >48 hours before the procedure [provided that the most recent CK-MB mass levels are within the limits of normal]) or documented silent ischemia
  • stable hemodynamic conditions (systolic blood pressure>100, heart rate>40 and <100)
  • no clinical and ECG changes suggestive of ongoing acute or recent (<48 hours) myocardial infarction.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • female sex with childbearing potential
  • age <18 years
  • ongoing or recent episode (<48 hours) of unstable coronary artery disease (including both ST-elevation and non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes) without normalization of CK-MB mass levels
  • administration of any GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors during the previous 2 weeks,
  • serum creatinine >2.5 mg/dl or > 350 micromols/l
  • ongoing serious bleeding or bleeding diathesis
  • previous stroke in the last 6 months
  • major surgery within the previous 6 weeks
  • platelet count <100,000 per mm3
  • ejection Fraction below 30%
  • known hypersensitivity or contraindication to aspirin, heparin, clopidogrel or sensitivity to contrast which cannot be adequately pre-medicated
  • hemodynamic instability (systolic blood pressure<100 mm Hg; heart rate<40 bpm or >100 bpm; complex ventricular arrhythmias; atrioventricular block) requiring balloon counterpulsation or inotropic support
  • simultaneous participation in another device or drug study (patient must have completed the follow-up phase of any previous study at least 30 days prior to enrollment in this study)
  • positive clinical history for intracranial neoplasia, arterio-venous malformation, aneurysm
  • INR ≥ 2.0 or prothrombin time 1.2 times upper limit of normality
  • clinically manifested reduced liver function
  • programmed surgery within one month
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Italy
 
NCT01454440
2007−002617−39
Yes
Giuseppe Biondi Zoccai, University of Turin, Italy
University of Turin, Italy
Not Provided
Not Provided
University of Turin, Italy
October 2011

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP