The Influence of Dietary Variety and Course Sequence on Fruit Intake in Preschool-Aged Children

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Tennessee
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01414699
First received: August 10, 2011
Last updated: July 24, 2014
Last verified: July 2014

August 10, 2011
July 24, 2014
August 2011
December 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Total grams of snack consumed. [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Total grams of snack consumed by participants over the 4-week study (with 1 snack per week) period will be determined by subtracting pre- and post-consumption weight of the snack provided.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01414699 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
The Influence of Dietary Variety and Course Sequence on Fruit Intake in Preschool-Aged Children
The Influence of Dietary Variety and Course Sequence on Fruit Intake in Preschool-Aged Children

The purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which manipulation of dietary variety and course sequence affects fruit intake and overall energy intake in preschool-aged children.

In the past two decades overweight and obesity rates in children (ages 2-19) have risen from 5% to 17%, with toddlers (ages 2-5) at 10%. Among children and adolescents the consumption of low-energy-dense foods, such as fruit and vegetables (F&Vs), remain below current recommendations. Therefore, strategies to increase low-energy-dense F&V intake and decrease high-energy-dense food intake aimed at young children are essential. Antecedents, or cues, can trigger eating. Therefore, manipulating food presentation can be utilized to produce certain behaviors. Dietary variety and course sequence are two examples of this relationship. It has been well established that high dietary variety leads to greater consumption patterns compared to low DV diets in adults. High DV has only been tested with problematic foods, and not with the goal of increasing F&V intake. Additionally, serving a first course meal can act as a preload to decrease intake of the second course entrée. Dietary variety and course sequence manipulations have been experimentally tested with caloric intake goals but never with the goal of increasing F&V intake. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine the extent to which manipulation of dietary variety and course sequence affects fruit intake and overall energy intake in preschool-aged children.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Caloric Intake
  • Behavioral: Variety
    These conditions will have snack served with an increase of fruit variety.
  • Behavioral: Non-Variety
    These conditions will receive a snack without a variety of fruit.
  • Active Comparator: One-Course, Variety
    Participants will receive a snack in one course with a variety of fruit.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Variety
  • Active Comparator: Two-Course, Variety
    Participants will receive a snack in two courses with a variety of fruit.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Variety
  • Active Comparator: One-course, Non-Variety
    Participants will receive a snack in one course with no variety of fruit.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Non-Variety
  • Active Comparator: Two-Course, Non-Variety
    Participants will receive a snack in two courses with no variety of fruit.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Non-Variety
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
16
December 2015
December 2011   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All children that are ≥3 years of age enrolled in the ELC preschool with parental consent can participate.
  • Eligible children must also like applesauce, peaches and cheese cubes, and be able to consume foods with a spoon.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Children allergic to applesauce, peaches, or chocolate pudding or who are lactose-intolerant will not be included in the study.
  • Did not attend all feeding sessions.
  • Did not consume more than 5 grams from any of the foods on an occasion.
Both
3 Years to 6 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01414699
8585B
No
University of Tennessee
University of Tennessee
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Hollie A Raynor, PhD University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Principal Investigator: Chelsi C Cardoso, BS University of Tennessee, Knoxville
University of Tennessee
July 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP