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S1106 Rituximab With Combination Chemotherapy or Bendamustine Hydrochloride Followed by Consolidation Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplantation in Older Patients With Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This study has been terminated.
(toxicity in one arm)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01412879
First received: August 6, 2011
Last updated: July 23, 2014
Last verified: June 2014

August 6, 2011
July 23, 2014
November 2011
June 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
PFS at 2 years [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Measured from date of registration to date of first observation of progressive disease, or death due to any cause. Patients last known to be alive and progression-free are censored at date of last contact.
PFS at 2 years [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01412879 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Toxicity of R-HCVAD/MTX/Ara-C and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) or R-bendamustine and ASCT [ Time Frame: Up to 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Adverse Events (AEs) are reported by the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0. For each patient, worst grade of each event type is reported. Grade 3 = Severe, Grade 4 = Life-threatening, Grade 5 = Fatal.
  • Response rate (complete and partial response) [ Time Frame: Up to 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Complete Response (CR) is a complete disappearance of all disease with the exception of the following. If no PET scan or when the PET scan was positive before therapy, a post-treatment residual mass of any size is permitted if it is PET negative. If the PET scan was negative before therapy, all nodal masses at baseline must have regressed. No new lesions. Previously enlarged organs must have regressed and not be palpable. Bone marrow (BM) must be negative if positive at baseline. Normalization of markers. Partial Response (PR) is a 50% decrease in the sum of products of greatest diameters (SPD) for up to 6 identified dominant lesions, including spleenic and hepatic nodules from baseline. No new lesions and no increase in the size of liver, spleen or other nodes. If PET scan or when the PET scan was positive before therapy, PET should be positive in at least one previously involved site.
  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Measured from date of registration to date of death due to any cause. Patients last known to be alive and are censored at date of last contact.
  • Toxicity of R-HCVAD/MTX/Ara-C and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) or R-bendamustine and ASCT [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Response rate in patients treated with these regimens [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival of patients treated with these regimens [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
S1106 Rituximab With Combination Chemotherapy or Bendamustine Hydrochloride Followed by Consolidation Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplantation in Older Patients With Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma
A Randomized Phase II Trial of R-HCVAD/MTX/ARA-C Induction Followed by Consolidation With an Autologous Stem Cell Transplant Vs. R-Bendamustine Induction Followed by Consolidation With an Autologous Stem Cell Transplant for Patients ≤ 65 Years of Age With Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. Others interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Drugs used in chemotherapy also work in different ways to kill more cancer cells or stop them from growing. It is not yet known whether rituximab is more effective with combination chemotherapy or bendamustine hydrochloride in treating patients with mantle cell lymphoma undergoing peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial studies how well giving rituximab together with combination chemotherapy or bendamustine hydrochloride followed by consolidation chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation works in treating older patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma.

OBJECTIVES:

  • To estimate the 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, dexamethasone (RHCVAD), methotrexate and cytarabine (MTX/Ara-C), and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) or rituximab and bendamustine (R-bendamustine) and autologous stem cell transplant and to select a regimen for further development.
  • To assess the response rate and overall survival of patients with newly diagnosed MCL treated with R-HCVAD/MTX/Ara-C and ASCT or R-bendamustine and ASCT.
  • To assess the toxicity and tolerability of R-HCVAD/MTX/Ara-C and ASCT or R-bendamustine and ASCT in patients with newly diagnosed MCL.
  • To determine the prognostic value of quantitative minimal-residual disease (MRD) monitoring in the peripheral blood of MCL patients after induction therapy and serially after high-dose chemotherapy and ASCT on treatment outcome.
  • To bank diagnostic tissue sections for future translational research studies.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to risk classification by Mantle Cell Lymphoma International prognostic Index (MIPI) score (low risk vs intermediate/high risk). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I (induction therapy):

    • Courses 1 and 3: Patients receive induction therapy comprising rituximab IV on day 1; cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 72 hours on days 5-7; vincristine sulfate IV on days 5 and 12; and dexamethasone IV or orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 2-5 and 12-15. Patients with responsive disease after course 1 proceed to course 2.
    • Course 2 and 4: Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; methotrexate IV over 2-22 hours on day 2; cytarabine IV over 2 hours every 12 hours on days 3-4; and leucovorin calcium PO or IV on days 3-6. Patients undergo stem cell collection after completion of course 2.
    • Each course is 21 days long and continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II (induction therapy):

    • Course 1-6: Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1 and bendamustine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1-2. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 3-4 weeks later, patients with responsive disease receive 2 additional courses of treatment.
    • Stem cell mobilization: Beginning within 8 weeks, patients receive rituximab IV and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1. Patients then undergo stem cell collection about 26 days later.

Consolidation therapy: Patients receive one of the following preparative regimens.

  • BCV* chemotherapy: Carmustine IV over 2 hours on days -6 to -4; etoposide IV over 4 hours on day -4; and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day -2.
  • BEAM* chemotherapy: Carmustine IV over 4 hours on days -7 and -6; etoposide IV over 1 hour twice daily and cytarabine IV over 2 hours twice daily on days -5 to -2, and melphalan IV on day -1.
  • TBI, etoposide, cyclophosphamide: Patients undergo total-body irradiation (TBI)** twice daily on days -8 to -5. Patients also receive etoposide IV on day -4 and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day -2.
  • NOTE: * Patients 61 years of age or older receive either BCV or BEAM.
  • NOTE: * *TBI may not be used for patients 61 years of age and older. Stem cell transplantation: Patients then undergo autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation on day 0.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually for up to 8 years from registration.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lymphoma
  • Biological: rituximab
    Given IV
  • Drug: bendamustine hydrochloride
    Given IV
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
  • Drug: cytarabine
    Given IV
  • Drug: dexamethasone
    Given PO or IV
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    Given IV
  • Drug: leucovorin calcium
    Given PO or IV
  • Drug: methotrexate
    Given IV
  • Drug: vincristine sulfate
    Given IV
  • Experimental: Arm I
    Course 1 and 3: Patients receive induction therapy comprising rituximab IV on day 1; cyclophosphamide IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 2-4; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 72 hours on days 5-7; vincristine sulfate IV on days 5 and 12; and dexamethasone IV or orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 2-5 and 12-15. Patients with responsive disease after course 1 proceed to course 2. Course 2 and 4: Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1; methotrexate IV over 2-22 hours on day 2; cytarabine IV over 2 hours every 12 hours on days 3-4; and leucovorin calcium PO or IV on days 3-6. Patients then undergo stem cell collection after completion of course 2. Patients undergo stem cell collection after completion of course 2.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: rituximab
    • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    • Drug: cytarabine
    • Drug: dexamethasone
    • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    • Drug: leucovorin calcium
    • Drug: methotrexate
    • Drug: vincristine sulfate
  • Experimental: Arm II
    Course 1-6: Patients receive rituximab IV on day 1 and bendamustine hydrochloride IV over 30 minutes on days 1-2. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 3-4 weeks later, patients with responsive disease receive 2 additional courses of treatment. Beginning within 8 weeks, patients receive rituximab IV and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1. Patients then undergo stem cell collection about 26 days later.
    Interventions:
    • Biological: rituximab
    • Drug: bendamustine hydrochloride
    • Drug: cyclophosphamide
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Terminated
53
Not Provided
June 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • All patients must have previously untreated stage III, IV, or bulky stage II mantle cell lymphoma (MCL)

    • A diagnosis of MCL must be confirmed by histopathological diagnosis including immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry documenting both of the following phenotypes:

      • CD19+ or CD20+
      • Cyclin D1+ or evidence of the t(11;14) translocation by cytogenetics or FISH
  • Adequate sections from the original diagnostic specimen must be available for submission for central review

    • An adequate biopsy requires sufficient tissue to establish the architecture and a WHO histologic subtype with certainty

      • Core biopsies, especially multiple core biopsies, MAY be adequate, but needle aspirations or cytologies are not adequate
    • Bone marrow core biopsy or clot sections (not aspirates) may be used as diagnostic material if it is significantly involved and are the only diagnostic material available
  • All patients must have bidimensional measurable disease documented on the Lymphoma Baseline Tumor Assessment Form (Form #48031)

    • Patients who also have non-measurable disease in addition to measurable disease must have all nonmeasurable disease assessed within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients must not have clinical evidence of central nervous system (CNS) involvement by lymphoma

    • Any laboratory or radiographic tests performed prior to registration to assess CNS involvement must be negative
  • Patients must have a unilateral/bilateral bone marrow aspirate and biopsy for staging performed within 42 days prior to registration

    • If the biopsy cannot be performed but the aspirate is unequivocally consistent with mantle cell lymphoma, this will be considered adequate for staging purposes
  • Patients must be eligible for stem cell transplantation by institutional guidelines with the plan that transplant will be conducted at a cooperative group-approved transplant center

    • Patients must be planning to undergo stem cell transplantation within 84 days after day 1 of the last induction course
    • Patients must have had at least 1.5 X 10^6 CD34^+ cells/kg collected and stored prior to second registration for stem cell transplantation

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Zubrod performance status of 0-2
  • Bilirubin ≤ 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 times ULN
  • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mcL, unless due to bone marrow infiltration by lymphoma
  • All patients ≥ 45 years of age must have an echocardiogram (ECHO) or Multi Gated Acquisition Scan (MUGA )scan within 42 days prior to registration (whichever method is used at baseline must be used at restaging)

    • Patients < 45 years of age should have ECHO/MUGA only if clinically indicated
    • Patients with an ejection fraction < institutional lower limit of normal (ILLN) are not eligible
  • Serum Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and a Complete Blood Count (CBC with differential must be measured within 28 days prior to registration
  • Patients known to be HIV positive, or who have a history of solid organ transplantation, are ineligible
  • No active hepatitis
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer; in situ cervical cancer; adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission; or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 5 years
  • Pregnant or nursing women may not participate
  • Women or men of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • See Disease Characteristics
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01412879
CDR0000707601, S1106, U10CA032102
No
Southwest Oncology Group
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Steven H. Bernstein, MD James P. Wilmot Cancer Center
Southwest Oncology Group
June 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP