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Follow-up Study of Late Effects of Periconceptional Folic Acid in Mothers and Offspring in the Community Intervention Program Population: The Chinese Children and Families Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01365975
First received: June 1, 2011
Last updated: November 11, 2014
Last verified: February 2014

June 1, 2011
November 11, 2014
May 2011
Not Provided
pediatric leukemia, other pediatric cancers
Not Provided
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01365975 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
In offspring: birth defects, autism, growth patterns. In mothers: cancer hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, reproductive outcomes
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Follow-up Study of Late Effects of Periconceptional Folic Acid in Mothers and Offspring in the Community Intervention Program Population: The Chinese Children and Families Study
Follow-up Study of Late Effects of Periconceptional Folic Acid in Mothers and Offspring in the Community Intervention Program Population: The Chinese Children and Families Study

Periconceptional folic acid supplements of 400 (Micro) daily prevent neural tube defects (NTD) in offspring. Some data suggest that periconceptional folic acid supplements, folate levels during pregnancy, and/or certain variants in the gene that encodes methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a key enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate [the primary methyl donor in most metabolic pathways involving methylation including DNA methylation] from 5,10 methylenetetrahydrofolate may be associated with reduced risks of certain adverse events during the prenatal period, birth weight and certain serious diseases in offspring, while other studies have raised concerns about increased risks of specific serious disorders. Only one study has examined late health effects in mothers that might be associated with use of periconceptional folic acid supplements.

We propose to study potential health benefits and adverse effects of periconceptional folic acid supplements in a 15-year follow-up of offspring and mothers. In the offspring, we will evaluate whether periconceptional folic acid supplements reduced risk of external congenital birth defects and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and whether risks are reduced or increased for other pediatric disorders linked with periconceptional folic acid supplements including asthma, pervasive developmental disorders and autism, diabetes, obesity and blood pressure. In the mothers, we will assess cardiovascular diseases and associated risk factors, breast and colorectal cancers and precursor conditions, and other cancers. We will also conduct exploratory assessment of other serious diseases in mothers.

To increase the limited data on the morbidity and survival of children born with a major birth defect, particularly in low- or middle-income countries, we plan to assess morbidity and mortality outcomes in children identified with neural tube defects as part of our follow-up.

The women and children who participated in the joint China-U.S. Community Intervention Program (CIP) trial (N=243,779 women treated or not treated with folic acid in the periconceptional period and their offspring) represent unique cohorts whose periconceptional exposure to folic acid is well documented. We propose to follow a sample of 22,000 CIP mothers and their offspring (currently 14 to 17 years of age), to ascertain vital status, medical history, and lifestyle habits. The study will clarify whether there are differences with respect to growth, physical development during the puberty period, selected serious morbidity and mortality in offspring and risks of serious health outcomes and mortality in mothers associated with periconceptional folic acid supplements. Data from this study will inform us about cohort participation rate, cost, and effective approaches for future follow-up of the full cohort.

The current protocol focuses on a pilot study (Pilot Study # 1) in which we will carry out two specific aims in 500 families. We will test and evaluate the most effective approaches to trace the mothers who enrolled in the CIP in 1993-1995 in CIP counties, fathers, and children. If the child is not living with the biological mother, we will trace the caretaker or next of kin with whom the child is living. We will also conduct in-person interviews, obtain anthropometric and blood pressure measurements and determine cohort participation rate in a sample of 500 CIP families from two of the 21 CIP project counties to obtain health information, medical history, and vital status. We will attempt to enroll in the pilot study 500 mothers/caretakers and 500 offspring, and 500 fathers (Total N=1500). Excluded from the Pilot Study #1 at this time are the families in which the mother or the child is deceased. We will seek permission from the IRB to enroll these families at a later date.

Periconceptional folic acid supplements of 400 (Micro) daily prevent neural tube defects (NTD) in offspring. Some data suggest that periconceptional folic acid supplements, folate levels during pregnancy, and/or certain variants in the gene that encodes methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), a key enzyme that catalyzes synthesis of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate [the primary methyl donor in most metabolic pathways involving methylation including DNA methylation] from 5,10 methylenetetrahydrofolate may be associated with reduced risks of certain adverse events during the prenatal period, birth weight and certain serious diseases in offspring, while other studies have raised concerns about increased risks of specific serious disorders. Only one study has examined late health effects in mothers that might be associated with use of periconceptional folic acid supplements.

We propose to study potential health benefits and adverse effects of periconceptional folic acid supplements in a 15-year follow-up of offspring and mothers. In the offspring, we will evaluate whether periconceptional folic acid supplements reduced risk of external congenital birth defects and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and whether risks are reduced or increased for other pediatric disorders linked with periconceptional folic acid supplements including asthma, pervasive developmental disorders and autism, diabetes, obesity and blood pressure. In the mothers, we will assess cardiovascular diseases and associated risk factors, breast and colorectal cancers and precursor conditions, and other cancers. We will also conduct exploratory assessment of other serious diseases in mothers.

To increase the limited data on the morbidity and survival of children born with a major birth defect, particularly in low- or middle-income countries, we plan to assess morbidity and mortality outcomes in children identified with neural tube defects as part of our follow-up.

The women and children who participated in the joint China-U.S. Community Intervention Program (CIP) trial (N=243,779 women treated or not treated with folic acid in the periconceptional period and their offspring) represent unique cohorts whose periconceptional exposure to folic acid is well documented. We propose to follow a sample of 22,000 CIP mothers and their offspring (currently 14 to 17 years of age), to ascertain vital status, medical history, and lifestyle habits. The study will clarify whether there are differences with respect to growth, physical development during the puberty period, selected serious morbidity and mortality in offspring and risks of serious health outcomes and mortality in mothers associated with periconceptional folic acid supplements. Data from this study will inform us about cohort participation rate, cost, and effective approaches for future follow-up of the full cohort.

The current protocol focuses on a pilot study (Pilot Study # 1) in which we will carry out two specific aims in 500 families. We will test and evaluate the most effective approaches to trace the mothers who enrolled in the CIP in 1993-1995 in CIP counties, fathers, and children. If the child is not living with the biological mother, we will trace the caretaker or next of kin with whom the child is living. We will also conduct in-person interviews, obtain anthropometric and blood pressure measurements and determine cohort participation rate in a sample of 500 CIP families from two of the 21 CIP project counties to obtain health information, medical history, and vital status. We will attempt to enroll in the pilot study 500 mothers/caretakers and 500 offspring, and 500 fathers (Total N=1500). Excluded from the Pilot Study #1 at this time are the families in which the mother or the child is deceased. We will seek permission from the IRB to enroll these families at a later date.

Observational
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
  • Pediatric Leukemia
  • Other Pediatric Cancers
Not Provided
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
1500
Not Provided
Not Provided
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:
  • 500 Chinese mothers, fathers and their child aged 14-16 years
  • Participated in the Community Intervention Program from 1993 to 1996
  • Living in Laoting and Tai(SqrRoot)(Beta)ang Counties
  • Provide consent
  • The mother and child to provide answers to at least some of the questions about himself/herself and for the mother to answer some questions about the child

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Not having been a singleton birth
  • Missing data on pill usage
  • Missing data on gender
Both
12 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01365975
999911165, 11-C-N165
Not Provided
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Martha Linet, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
February 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP