Yoga vs. Physical Therapy vs. Education for Chronic Low Back Pain in Minority Populations

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert B Saper, Boston Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01343927
First received: April 20, 2011
Last updated: December 20, 2013
Last verified: December 2013

April 20, 2011
December 20, 2013
June 2012
February 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Change from Baseline in Average Pain intensity in previous week [ Time Frame: 12 wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Intensity of pain in previous week as measured on a 10 point numerical scale (0-10).
  • Change from Baseline in Modified Roland Morris questionnaire for Back pain specific disability [ Time Frame: 12 wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Utilize modified 23 point scale standardized Roland Morris questionnaire to asses back pain specific disability.
  • Change from Baseline in Average Pain intensity in previous 7 days [ Time Frame: 12 wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Intensity of pain in previous 7 days as measured on an 11 point numerical scale (0-10).
  • Change from Baseline in Modified Roland Morris questionnaire for Back pain specific disability [ Time Frame: 12 wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Utilize modified 23 point scale standardized Roland Morris questionnaire to asses back pain specific disability.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01343927 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change from Baseline in Pain Medication use in the previous week [ Time Frame: 12wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Specific self reported pain medication use in previous week.
  • Treatment adherence (class attendance) [ Time Frame: 12 wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assess treatment adherence according to attendance during 12 week intervention period.
  • Number of participants with Adverse Events as a measure of safety and treatment adherence [ Time Frame: 12wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Identify and assess self reported and unanticipated adverse events over the course of the study as a measure of safety and treatment adherence.
  • Change from Baseline for Health related Quality of Life using SF-36 survey [ Time Frame: 12wks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Use standardized Quality of life SF-36 questionnaire.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Yoga vs. Physical Therapy vs. Education for Chronic Low Back Pain in Minority Populations
Yoga vs. Physical Therapy vs. Education for Chronic Low Back Pain in Minority Populations

A randomized controlled trial for chronic low back pain in predominantly minority populations with three treatment arms: yoga, physical therapy, and education. Four cohorts of participants will be randomized in a 2:2:1 ratio (yoga:physical therapy:education). Primary outcomes are pain intensity and measure of disability; secondary outcomes are pain medication use, treatment adherence, and health-related quality of life.

Chronic low back pain (CLBP) affects 5-10% of U.S. adults annually and disproportionately impacts individuals from minority and low income backgrounds due to disparities in access and treatment. Our previous Yoga Dosing Study of 95 adults with chronic low back pain recruited from Boston Medical Center and affiliated community health centers showed that both once per week and twice per week yoga classes for 12 weeks were similarly effective for reducing pain and improving back related function. We concluded that due to the superior convenience and lower cost of once per week compared to twice per week classes, a once per week yoga protocol was optimal for the current study. Evidence from multiple studies supports a moderate benefit in CLBP for exercise therapy individually-delivered by a physical therapist. Moreover, physical therapy is the most common, reimbursed, non-pharmacologic treatment recommended by physicians for CLBP. However, no studies to date have done a head-to-head comparison of the effectiveness of yoga and physical therapy for CLBP. To ultimately reduce disparities in CLBP for minority populations, patients, providers, and health insurers need to know how a complementary therapy such as yoga compares in effectiveness to more well established treatments such as physical therapy (PT) and education. If yoga is superior to education and has similar effectiveness as PT but costs less with greater adherence, the potential therapeutic and economic implications would be substantial. Alternatively, if yoga is inferior, this information will help guide better treatment decisions and reduce unnecessary expenditures on inferior treatments.

The present study (Back to Health) is a 52 week comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trial of once per week yoga classes, individually delivered physical therapy (PT), and education for chronic low back pain (CLBP) in 320 individuals from predominantly minority backgrounds recruited from Boston Medical Center and affiliated community health centers. The 52 week trial starts with an initial 12 week Treatment Phase followed by a 40 week Maintenance Phase. Back to Health has the following three specific aims:

  1. In the 12 week Treatment Phase, we will enroll 320 adults with chronic low back pain(CLBP) from predominately low-income minority communities and compare the effectiveness (co-primary endpoints pain and function) between (1) a standardized protocol of one yoga class per week; (2) a standardized exercise therapy protocol based on an evidence-based clinical guidelines individually delivered by a physical therapist; and (3) an educational book on self-care for CLBP
  2. For adults with CLBP who have completed the initial 12 week yoga or physical therapy(PT) Treatment Phases, compare effectiveness (co-primary endpoints pain and function)between patients participating in a structured yoga maintenance program, a structured PT maintenance program, or no structured maintenance program.
  3. Determine the cost-effectiveness of yoga, PT, and education for adults with CLBP at 12 weeks, 6 months, 9 months, and one year from three perspectives: society, third party payers, and the participant.

For the 12 week Treatment Phase, participants are randomized in a 2:2:1 ratio into (1) a standardized once per week hatha yoga class supplemented by home practice; (2) a standardized evidence-based exercise therapy protocol individually delivered by a physical therapist and supplemented by home practice; and (3) education delivered through a self-care book. The study co-primary endpoints are mean pain intensity over the previous week measured on a 11 point numerical rating scale and back-specific function measured using the 23 point modified Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire. We hypothesize: (1) yoga will be noninferior to physical therapy; and (2) both yoga and physical therapy will be superior to education.

For the 40 week Maintenance Phase, yoga participants will be re-randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either a structured ongoing maintenance yoga program or no maintenance yoga program. Similarly, physical therapy participants will be re-randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either a structured ongoing maintenance PT program or no maintenance PT program. Education participants will be encouraged to continue to review and follow the recommendations of their educational materials. We hypothesize: (1) maintenance yoga will be non-inferior to maintenance PT; (2) maintenance yoga and maintenance PT will be superior to no yoga maintenance and no PT maintenance, respectively; and (3) maintenance yoga and maintenance PT will both be superior to education.

We will also take advantage of a comprehensive integrated set of patient databases, self-report cost data, and study records to compare at 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, and one year the cost-effectiveness of yoga, physical therapy, and education from three perspectives: society,third-party payer, and the participant. Qualitative data from interviews and focus groups will add subjective detail to complement quantitative data.

Results from the Back to Health Study will help determine whether it is justifiable for yoga, currently a "complementary" therapy, to become an acceptable "mainstream" treatment for chronic low back pain.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Back Pain Lower Back Chronic
  • Behavioral: Yoga Class
    Standardized 12 week Hatha yoga intervention developed specifically for chronic low back pain in adult populations; classes meet once a week at community health centers.
  • Behavioral: Physical therapy
    12 weeks of individual physical therapy. Weeks 1-5, 2 sessions per week. Weeks 6-8, one session per week. Weeks 9-12, one session every other week. Total of 15 sessions.
  • Behavioral: Education
    Education intervention receives "The Back Pain Helpbook" and periodic newsletters addressing back pain and self care. Also, continue with usual care.
  • Active Comparator: Yoga Class
    12 week yoga intervention plus 40 weeks of either drop-in classes or home practice.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Yoga Class
  • Active Comparator: Physical Therapy
    15 sessions over 12 week intervention period plus 40 week maintenance of either 5 booster sessions or home practice.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Physical therapy
  • Active Comparator: Education
    Education using "The Back Pain Helpbook" which gives exercises and tips for self-care pain management.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Education

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
320
November 2014
February 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Current non-specific low back pain persisting for at least 12 weeks
  • 18-64 years old
  • Mean low back pain intensity for the previous week of 4 or greater on a 0 to 10 numerical rating scale (0=no pain to 10=worst possible pain)
  • English fluency sufficient to follow treatment instructions and answer survey questions.
  • Willingness to list comprehensive contact information for at least one (preferably two) friend, family member, or work colleague who will always know how to contact the participant.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • New CLBP treatments started within the previous month or anticipated to begin in the next 3 months
  • Known pregnancy
  • Inability to understand English at a level necessary to understand treatment instructions and survey questions
  • Previous back surgery or back fracture
  • Specific CLBP pathologies (including spinal canal stenosis, severe scoliosis, spondylolisthesis, ankylosing spondylitis, large herniated disk)
  • Severe or progressive neurological deficits
  • Sciatica pain equal to or greater than back pain
  • Active or recent cervical radiculopathy
  • Active or planned worker's compensation, disability, or personal injury claims
  • Lack of consent
  • Significant participation in yoga or physical therapy in the last six months
  • Has read The Back Pain Helpbook or the Back Book in the previous six months
  • The principal investigator judges the participant to be unable to participate in the study due to serious medical and/or psychiatric comorbidities
  • Has previously participated in the Yoga Dosing Study or the Physical Therapy Pilot
  • Plans to move out of the Boston area in the next year
Both
18 Years to 64 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01343927
1R01AT005956-02A1
Yes
Robert B Saper, Boston Medical Center
Boston Medical Center
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Robert B Saper, MD, MPH Boston University School of Medicine/ Boston Medical Center
Boston Medical Center
December 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP