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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, and Hippocampal Function
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Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, And Hippocampal Function

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified September 2014 by New York State Psychiatric Institute
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
New York State Psychiatric Institute Identifier:
First received: July 28, 2010
Last updated: September 11, 2014
Last verified: September 2014

July 28, 2010
September 11, 2014
June 2011
July 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
dentate gyrus cerebral blood volume [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01329653 on Archive Site
  • cognitive function [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    measures of memory, executive function, attention/processing speed, language, and general intelligence
  • aerobic capacity [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • cerebral blood flow [ Time Frame: change from before (pre) to after (post) 12 weeks of training ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    arterial spin labeling fMRI
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, And Hippocampal Function
Exercise, Age-Related Memory Decline, And Hippocampal Function

The purpose of this study is to test the hypothesis that aerobic exercise leads increased cerebral blood volume in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus in a sample of young and older adults.

In the US, increased length of life and reduced morbidity and mortality have resulted in a growing number of older adults, the demographic "time bomb" often referred to in discussions of public policy. According to the Census Bureau, the population aged 65 and over will double in size within the next 25 years. Moreover, these older adults will live healthier lives than their predecessors. While this increased length of a healthy life is an undeniable societal benefit, it brings with it a major societal problem: an epidemic of aging-related cognitive decline. The need to develop interventions to address this growing problem is urgent. Aging-related cognitive dysfunction is not diffuse; rather it targets selected brain areas, in particular the frontal lobes and the hippocampal formation. The separate but interconnected subregions of the hippocampus are differentially vulnerable to pathogenic mechanisms, including the normal aging process. A range of in vivo and post-mortem studies have converged on the dentate gyrus (DG) as the hippocampal subregion differentially targeted by the aging process. As with pathogenic processes, any intervention that improves brain function does so with regional selectivity. One such intervention is physical exercise, which has been shown to improve both frontal lobe and hippocampal function. Using a high-resolution variant of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the investigators have demonstrated that aerobic training selectively benefitted DG function both humans and mice. In addition, improvement in DG function was associated with improved performance on a word list learning task but not in tasks conventionally thought to be frontal lobe dependent. The human part of the study had significant shortcomings, however: it was small (N = 11), lacked a control group, enrolled only young subjects (age 20-45 years), and employed only a limited neuropsychological testing battery. The overall goal of this proposal is to use the high-resolution variant of fMRI to test the hypothesis that aerobic training will induce improvements in DG function in a sample of younger (age 20-35) and older (50-65) adults, assigned randomly to an active training condition or wait list control group. The investigators will use more comprehensive neuropsychological testing to examine the relationship between changes in DG function and selected cognitive capacities. Taken together with the observation that normal aging differentially targets the DG, this research program will establish that physical exercise is an effective approach for ameliorating the insidious cognitive slide that occurs in aging. Thus, the potential significance of this application is substantial.

Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
  • Cognitive Deterioration
  • Disorder of Aging
  • Behavioral: aerobic training
    12 weeks of aerobic training, 4X/week
    Other Name: Aerobic training
  • Behavioral: Wait list
    wait list control condition
    Other Name: Wait list control
  • Experimental: aerobic training
    12 weeks of aerobic training, 4X/week
    Intervention: Behavioral: aerobic training
  • Placebo Comparator: wait list control
    wait list control condition, 12 weeks to parallel the active intervention group
    Intervention: Behavioral: Wait list
Pereira AC, Huddleston DE, Brickman AM, Sosunov AA, Hen R, McKhann GM, Sloan R, Gage FH, Brown TR, Small SA. An in vivo correlate of exercise-induced neurogenesis in the adult dentate gyrus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Mar 27;104(13):5638-43. Epub 2007 Mar 20.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
July 2015
July 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age 20-75 years
  2. English-speaking
  3. Ambulatory
  4. "Average" fitness as determined by AHA standards (VO2max < 43 and 36 ml/kg/min for men age 20-35 years and 50-65 years, respectively; < 36 and 29 ml/kg/min for women age 20-35 years and 50-65 years respectively)
  5. BMI <35

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. BMI < 18
  2. Ischemic changes, abnormal blood pressure responses, or any significant ectopy during aerobic capacity testing
  3. Cardiovascular disease
  4. Uncontrolled high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure ≥ 180 mmHg; or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 105 mmHg on two measures)
  5. Current or recent (evidence of disease x 5 years) non-skin neoplastic disease or melanoma. Prostatic carcinoma will not be grounds for exclusion.
  6. Active hepatic disease (not a history of hepatitis) or primary renal disease requiring dialysis, primary untreated endocrine diseases, e.g., Cushing's disease or primary hypothalamic failure or insulin dependent diabetes (Type I or II). Well-treated hypothyroidism will not be excluded.
  7. HIV infection
  8. Pregnant or lactating (participation allowed 3 months after ceasing lactation).
  9. Medications that alter inflammation or autonomic nervous system activity
  10. Any history of psychosis or ECT
  11. Psychotic disorder (lifetime)
  12. Current or recent (past 5 years) Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, or Anxiety disorder
  13. Current or recent (within past 12 months) alcohol or substance abuse or dependence. Recent use (past month) of recreational drugs.
  14. Dietary supplements that affect inflammation or the ANS
  15. Cardiac Pacemaker
  16. Internal Pump
  17. Insulin Pump
  18. Tattoo eyeliner
  19. Wire Sutures
  20. Internal Metal Objects
  21. Metal Slivers in Eye
  22. Prosthesis
  23. Hearing Aid Implants
  24. Neurostimulator
  25. Metal Fragments
  26. Brain Aneurysm Clips
  27. Vascular Clips
  28. Breast Expander
  29. Vena Cava Filter
  30. Heart Valve
  31. Metal Stents
  32. Asthma
  33. Hay-Fever
  34. Sickle Cell Disease
  35. Kidney Disease
  36. Pregnant
  37. Machinist or ever worked with heavy metals
  38. Contraindication to gadolinium, including prior adverse reaction to gadolinium, past or current history of severe breathing difficulty that has been treated by a physician (e.g., asthma, COPD, etc.), and sickle cell disease. History of renal impairment or estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 L/min/1.73m2 is also exclusionary.
20 Years to 75 Years
Contact: Vincenzo Lauriola, MS 6467748952
United States
6219, AG035015
New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Richard P Sloan, PhD Columbia University
New York State Psychiatric Institute
September 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP